ammunition remediation Articles

  • Iowa Army Ammunition Plant

    US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)Burlington, Iowa, USA Project Full-Scale Bioremediation of Organic Explosive Impacted Soil Summary RDX, an organic explosive (Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine), was the primary contaminant of concern at IAAP, due to its high initial concentration relative to its remedial goal of 53 mg/kg. Initial RDX concentrations ranged from 819 mg/kg to ...


  • Joliet Army Ammunition Plant (JAAP)

    Wilmington, Illinois, USA Project Bioremediation of Soil Containing Organic Explosives Summary DARAMEND® bioremediation effectively reduced the concentrations of TNT, DNT and Tetryl during two separate pilot-scale demonstrations on contaminated soil from the JAAP. DARAMEND® bioremediation was also effectively applied during a full-scale (3,000 ton) ...


  • Remediation of Explosives in Soil - Case Study

    Client: Department of the Army, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Site: Ravenna Army Ammunition Plant (“AAP”), Ohio Task: In-situ Rapid Chemical Degradation of Munitions Constituents in Soil by MuniRem® Date: October 2009 Situation The test site is an inactive and ...


    By Planteco, Inc

  • Brownfield development - Biotechnology cleans contaminated soil

    The Tooele Army Depot (TEAD) is in Tooele, Tooele County, Utah, 35 miles southwest of Salt Lake City. It consists of two separate areas, the North Area and the South Area. The North Area covers about 25,000 acres in Tooele Valley south and west of Tooele. Since 1943, TEAD has had a fourfold mission: store ammunition, demilitarize ammunition, rebuild military equipment and store military ...


  • A Tale of Two Sites - Enhanced Bioremediation of Explosives Impacted Soils

    The problem with OE compounds in soil A variety of organic explosive (OE) compounds have been used for military, geological and industrial applications throughout North America, and in most industrialized nations. During their manufacture, formulation and storage, these compounds have migrated to the soil. Compounds such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine ...


  • Field-scale reduction of TNT and RDX concentrations in soil

    The Tooele Army Depot (TEAD) is in Tooele, Tooele County, Utah, 35 miles southwest of Salt Lake City. It consists of two separate areas, the North Area and the South Area. The North Area covers about 25,000 acres in Tooele Valley south and west of Tooele.Since 1943, TEAD has had a fourfold mission: store ammunition, demilitarize ammunition, rebuild military equipment, and store military ...


  • DOD Compares Benefits of Active and Semi-Passive Biobarriers

    Current ESTCP demonstrations are examining design, construction, and performance elements of a semi-passive barrier at the Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant (AAP) in Karnack, TX, and those of an active barrier at the Navy Industrial Reserve Ordnance Plant (NIROP) in West Valley City, UT. DOD’s upcoming guidance manual for characterizing and remediating perchlorate-contaminated ground water will ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Slurry Phase Biological Treatment

    Slurry phase biological treatment involves the controlled treatment of excavated soil in a bioreactor. The excavated soil is first processed to physically separate stones and rubble. The soil is then mixed with water to a predetermined concentration dependent upon the concentration of the contaminants, the rate of biodegradation, and the physical nature of the soils. Some processes pre-wash the ...

  • Bioremediating Explosives Contaminated Soil

    From the beginning of World War II until the 1970s, the site that is now the Naval Surface Warfare Center in Crane, Indiana (NSWC-Crane) was the home of a major bomb manufacturing operation. Explosive compounds such as TNT, Royal Demolition Explosives (RDX) and Her Majesty’s Explosive (HMX) were handled loose and drifted through air vents. Often, the material settled on the roofs of buildings, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Hot Gas Decontamination

    Introduction: The process involves raising the temperature of the contaminated equipment or material to 260 °C (500 °F) for a specified period of time. The gas effluent from the material is treated in an afterburner system to destroy all volatilized contaminants. The method eliminates a waste that currently is stockpiled and requires disposal as a hazardous material. This method will permit ...

  • Common Treatment Technologies for Explosives in Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    Explosives-contaminated process waste waters can be subdivided into two categories: red water, which comes strictly from the manufacture of TNT, and pink water, which includes any washwater associated with load, assemble, and pack (LAP) operations or with the demilitarization of munitions involving contact with finished explosive. Despite their names, red and pink water cannot be identified by ...

  • Phytoremediation - II

    Introduction: Phytoremediation is a set of processes that uses plants to clean contamination in ground water and surface water. There are several ways plants can be used for the phytoremediation. These mechanisms include enhanced rhizosphere biodegradation, hydraulic control, phyto-degradation and phyto-volatilization. Enhanced Rhizosphere Biodegradation Enhanced ...

  • Phytoremediation - I

    Introduction Phytoremediation is a process that uses plants to remove, transfer, stabilize, and destroy contaminants in soil and sediment. The mechanisms of phytoremediation include enhanced rhizosphere biodegradation, phyto-extraction (also called phyto-accumulation), phyto-degradation, and phyto-stabilization. Enhanced Rhizosphere Biodegradation Enhanced ...

  • Thermal Treatment Technologies

    Hot gas decontamination: Hot gas decontamination is a technology still in the pilot-scale of development that can be used for decontamination of explosives-contaminated masonry or metallic structures. The method involves sealing and insulating the structures, heating with hot gas stream to 260 °C (500 °F) for a prescribed period of time, volatilizing the explosive contaminants, and destroying ...

  • `A pack in your pocket and a cigarette in your mouth`

    Not only did he smoke, but he was required to smoke - on the job. Jim McEvoy told this to Firm principal, Victoria Edises, twenty years ago, long before the secret documents of the tobacco industry had been made public.       Back then, when asbestos plaintiffs' attorneys were emboldened to sue tobacco companies, they were overwhelmed with motions, interrogatories and ...

  • Sample Handling Strategies for Accurate Lead-In-Soil Measurements in the Field and Laboratory

    ABSTRACT The inhomogenous lead-in-soil matrix can present serious obstacles to accurate sample collection and handling. In typical lead-in-soil measurement, particle size related errors in sampling and sample handling often exceed all other sources of error. The magnitude of error can vary widely depending on the particulate nature of the lead contaminant and the effectiveness of control ...

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