anaerobic biodegradability test Articles

  • Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples

    Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples Biodegradation tests usually involve comparison of the oxygen uptake of a test sample – or gas production for anoxic or anaerobic tests – to that for a readily biodegradable control substrate (usually acetic acid, ethanol, or aniline). While biodegradation characteristics can vary among chemical types and wastewater sources, typical patterns are shown ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Pilot-test evaluation for enhanced anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated ethanes

    In March 2004, an organic substrate mixture was injected through four permanent injection wells at an industrial site to enhance the anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated ethanes in groundwater. Chemicals of concern (COCs) at the site are the solvent 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1,1,1-TCA), and degradation products 1,1-dichloroethane (1,1-DCA), 1,1-dichloroethene (1,1-DCE), and chloroethane (CA), all ...


    By RNAS Remediation Products

  • Evaluation of the aerobic and anaerobic biodegradability of the antibiotic norfloxacin

    The purpose of studying the biodegradability of pharmaceutical compounds is to evaluate their behaviors in relation to the treatment processes generally used in domestic and industrial wastewater treatment plants. The antibiotic norfloxacin was found to be a recalcitrant compound. The studies conducted showed norfloxacin removal rates of 12% and 18% when biomasses from treatments ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic BMP and ATA Tests

    Anaerobic BMP and ATA Tests Biochemical Methane Potential (BMP) tests involve addition of test chemicals or wastewater samples of concern to an anaerobic culture that is contained within a sealed vessel. Methane or total gas production are measured over periods ranging from 1 to 60 days without addition of new chemical or wastewater sample. Modern BMP tests usually involve multiple additions of ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Biodegradability and toxicity assessment of bleach plant effluents treated anaerobically

    As part of an experimental project on the treatment of bleach plant effluents the results of biodegradability and toxicity assessment of effluents from a bench-scale horizontal anaerobic immobilized bioreactor (HAIB) are discussed in this paper. The biodegradability of the bleach plant effluents from a Kraft pulp mill treated in the HAIB was evaluated using the modified Zahn-Wellens test. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic biodegradability of mixtures of pesticides in an expanded granular sludge bed reactor

    The biodegradability and toxicity of three commercial pesticides containing 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA), imidacloprid and dimethoate were evaluated individually, and a complex mixture of these pesticides was treated in an expanded granular sludge bed (EGSB) reactor. MCPA was partially biodegraded, while imidacloprid and dimethoate remained almost unaltered during the individual ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterisation of the recalcitrant organic compounds in leachates formed during the anaerobic biodegradation of waste

    This study investigates the use of UV absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy to assess the early development of recalcitrant organic compounds in leachates formed during the anaerobic biodegradation of municipal solid waste. Biochemical methane potential tests were carried out on fresh waste (FW) and composted waste (CW) over a period of 150 days and leachates produced from the degradation of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Inhibition of Biogas Production by Alkyl Benzene Sulfonates (LAS) in a Screening Test for Anaerobic Biodegradability

    Abstract  The effect of the inoculum source on the digestion of linear alkylbenzene sulfonates (LAS) under anaerobic conditions has been investigated. The potential for primary and ultimate LAS biodegradation of anaerobic sludge samples obtained from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) of different geographical locations was studied applying a batch test system. It was found that only 4–22% ...


  • Organic waste biodegradability test bio methane potential method

    Management Summary The biogas production from a mixture of food waste, garden waste, paper, napkins, plastic, metals and glass and anaerobically digested sludge was monitored until gas production had ceased. The homogenised biowaste mixture was subjected to two pre-treatment methods prior to being fed to the BMP reactors, these were: pasteurisation at 70oC ...


    By Cambi AS

  • Low temperature microwave and conventional heating pre-treatments to improve sludge anaerobic biodegradability

    This paper presents the results of lab-scale experiments on low temperature thermal pre-treatment (less than 100 °C) prior to anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge. Two heating ways, microwave heating (MH) and conventional heating (CH), and two types of sludge, primary and waste activated sludge, were compared under the same experimental conditions. The degree of solubilisation produced by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Feasibility tests for treating shampoo and hair colorant wastewaters using anaerobic processes

    Wastes from the personal care product (PCP) industry are often high in biodegradable carbon, which makes them amenable to aerobic biological treatment, although process costs are usually high due to aeration inefficiencies, high electricity demand and production of large amounts of sludge. As such, anaerobic treatment technologies are being considered to lower net energy costs by reducing air use ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Passively Enhanced in Situ Biodegradation of Chlorinated Solvents.

    INTRODUCTION Harding Lawson Associates (HLA) conducted a field demonstration to evaluate in situ enhanced anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated solvents using Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC). The technology is designed to enhance the natural biodegradation process for a more rapid and complete degradation of the organic contaminants to non-toxic compounds (e.g., ethylene). This paper presents ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Passively Enhanced In-Situ Biodegradation of Chlorinated Solvents

    Harding Lawson Associates (HLA) conducted a field demonstration to evaluate in situ enhanced anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated solvents using Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC). The technology is designed to enhance the natural biodegradation process for a more rapid and complete degradation of the organic contaminants to non-toxic compounds (e.g., ethylene). This paper presents the results ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Aerobic and Anaerobic Bioremediation of 1,2-Dichloroethene and Vinyl Chloride

    ABSTRACT: This paper presents a comparative study of aerobic and anaerobic bioremediation of 1,2-dichloroethene (DCE) and vinyl chloride (VC), and includes laboratory bench scale testing of anaerobic biodegradation and a side by side field pilot test comparing the effectiveness of aerobic and anaerobic biodegradation processes. Manufacturing activities at an industrial facility in Ohio resulted ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Biodegradation of methane and halocarbons in simulated landfill biocover systems containing compost materials

    The attenuation potential of methane (CH4) and of selected volatile organic compounds (VOCs) was compared in four types of compost materials using dynamic flow column experiments over a period of 255 d. Garden waste compost mixed with wood chips showed the highest steady-state CH4 oxidation rate (161 g m–2 d–1), followed by a commercial compost product Supermuld (110 g m–2 d–1). In the column ...

  • Assessing the role of biochemical methane potential tests in determining anaerobic degradability rate and extent

    The biodegradability and bioavailability of hydrolysis-limited substrates under anaerobic (and aerobic) conditions can be represented by two key parameters – degradability (fd), or the percentage that can be effectively be destroyed during digestion, and first order hydrolysis coefficient (khyd), or the speed at which material breaks down. Biochemical methane potential (BMP) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Managing Compostable Bags At Anaerobic Digestion Plants

    The highest and best use for treating residential food waste is through source separation, sending organics first to anaerobic digestion (to capture energy), followed by aerobic composting (to return nutrients to the soil). Sending food waste to anaerobic digestion (AD) facilities requires appropriate tools and planning for capturing high volumes of material with low contamination. Compostable ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Methane production and hydrolysis kinetics in the anaerobic degradation of wastewater screenings

    Anaerobic biodegradability and hydrolysis rates of wastewater screenings were determined using the biochemical methane potential test at 37 °C. The extent and rate of screenings conversion to methane of this complex and particulate substrate were investigated and since two stages of hydrolysis were identified, corresponding to the different types of materials in screenings, a linear and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Aerobic and Anaerobic Bioremediation of cis-1,2-Dichloroethene and Vinyl Chloride

    ABSTRACT This paper presents a comparative study of aerobic and anaerobic bioremediation of cis-1,2-dichloroethene (DCE) and vinyl chloride (VC). The study includes laboratory bench scale testing of anaerobic biodegradation followed by a side by side field pilot test comparing the effectiveness of aerobic and anaerobic biodegradation processes. Prior to initiating the pilot test, DCE and VC ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Degradation characteristics of polylactide in thermophilic anaerobic digestion with hyperthermophilic solubilization condition

    To test whether hyperthermophilic treatment promotes polylactide (PLA) dissolution and methane conversion under anaerobic digestion conditions, a single thermophilic control reactor (55 °C) and a two-phase system consisting of a hyperthermophilic reactor (80 °C) and a thermophilic reactor (55 °C) were continuously fed with a mixture of PLA and artificial kitchen garbage. In Runs 1 and 2, the PLA ...


    By IWA Publishing

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