anaerobic biodegradation Articles

  • Temperature–dependent polylactic acid (PLA) anaerobic biodegradability

    Polylactic acid (PLA) biodegradability is mostly claimed according to PLA biodegradation behaviour under aerobic composting conditions. However, waste materials containing PLA are frequently disposed of in municipal landfills, which are operated anaerobically. PLA anaerobic sludge digestion results are acquired to elucidate effects of the degrading temperature on PLA biodegradation. When the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of the aerobic and anaerobic biodegradability of the antibiotic norfloxacin

    The purpose of studying the biodegradability of pharmaceutical compounds is to evaluate their behaviors in relation to the treatment processes generally used in domestic and industrial wastewater treatment plants. The antibiotic norfloxacin was found to be a recalcitrant compound. The studies conducted showed norfloxacin removal rates of 12% and 18% when biomasses from treatments ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biodegradability and toxicity assessment of bleach plant effluents treated anaerobically

    As part of an experimental project on the treatment of bleach plant effluents the results of biodegradability and toxicity assessment of effluents from a bench-scale horizontal anaerobic immobilized bioreactor (HAIB) are discussed in this paper. The biodegradability of the bleach plant effluents from a Kraft pulp mill treated in the HAIB was evaluated using the modified Zahn-Wellens test. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pilot-test evaluation for enhanced anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated ethanes

    In March 2004, an organic substrate mixture was injected through four permanent injection wells at an industrial site to enhance the anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated ethanes in groundwater. Chemicals of concern (COCs) at the site are the solvent 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1,1,1-TCA), and degradation products 1,1-dichloroethane (1,1-DCA), 1,1-dichloroethene (1,1-DCE), and chloroethane (CA), all ...


    By RNAS Remediation Products

  • Anaerobic biodegradability of fish remains: experimental investigation and parameter estimation

    The generation of organic waste associated with aquaculture fish processing has increased significantly in recent decades. The objective of this study is to evaluate the anaerobic biodegradability of several fish processing fractions, as well as water treatment sludge, for tilapia and sturgeon species cultured in recirculated aquaculture systems. After substrate characterization, the ultimate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic biodegradability of mixtures of pesticides in an expanded granular sludge bed reactor

    The biodegradability and toxicity of three commercial pesticides containing 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA), imidacloprid and dimethoate were evaluated individually, and a complex mixture of these pesticides was treated in an expanded granular sludge bed (EGSB) reactor. MCPA was partially biodegraded, while imidacloprid and dimethoate remained almost unaltered during the individual ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterisation of the recalcitrant organic compounds in leachates formed during the anaerobic biodegradation of waste

    This study investigates the use of UV absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy to assess the early development of recalcitrant organic compounds in leachates formed during the anaerobic biodegradation of municipal solid waste. Biochemical methane potential tests were carried out on fresh waste (FW) and composted waste (CW) over a period of 150 days and leachates produced from the degradation of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples

    Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples Biodegradation tests usually involve comparison of the oxygen uptake of a test sample – or gas production for anoxic or anaerobic tests – to that for a readily biodegradable control substrate (usually acetic acid, ethanol, or aniline). While biodegradation characteristics can vary among chemical types and wastewater sources, typical patterns are shown ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Influence of the comminution of organic waste on their biodegradability

    Organic solids are present in very large quantities as products or waste from agriculture, food industry, household and many other fields. The disposal of organic waste can be realised using biological processes like anaerobic digestion or aerobic composting. The anaerobic digestion has advantages in comparison to composting such as a better handling of wet waste, the production of useful ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Inhibition of Biogas Production by Alkyl Benzene Sulfonates (LAS) in a Screening Test for Anaerobic Biodegradability

    Abstract  The effect of the inoculum source on the digestion of linear alkylbenzene sulfonates (LAS) under anaerobic conditions has been investigated. The potential for primary and ultimate LAS biodegradation of anaerobic sludge samples obtained from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) of different geographical locations was studied applying a batch test system. It was found that only 4–22% ...


  • Low temperature microwave and conventional heating pre-treatments to improve sludge anaerobic biodegradability

    This paper presents the results of lab-scale experiments on low temperature thermal pre-treatment (less than 100 °C) prior to anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge. Two heating ways, microwave heating (MH) and conventional heating (CH), and two types of sludge, primary and waste activated sludge, were compared under the same experimental conditions. The degree of solubilisation produced by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic digestion of aliphatic polyesters

    Anaerobic processes for the treatment of plastic materials waste represent versatile and effective approach in environmental protection and solid waste management. In this work, anaerobic biodegradability of model aliphatic polyesters, poly(L-lactic acid) (PLA), and poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL), in the form of powder and melt-pressed films with varying molar mass, was studied. Biogas production ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bio-fuels- Anaerobic digestion

    Anaerobic digestion is a series of processes in which micro organisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen. It is widely used to treat wastewater sludges and organic (agricultural) wastes.  As part of an integrated waste management system, anaerobic digestion reduces the emission of gas into the atmosphere. Anaerobic digestion is a renewable energy source because the ...


    By Triangle Ltd

  • Anaerobic BMP and ATA Tests

    Anaerobic BMP and ATA Tests Biochemical Methane Potential (BMP) tests involve addition of test chemicals or wastewater samples of concern to an anaerobic culture that is contained within a sealed vessel. Methane or total gas production are measured over periods ranging from 1 to 60 days without addition of new chemical or wastewater sample. Modern BMP tests usually involve multiple additions of ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Economic Analysis of Options for Managing Biodegradable Municipal Waste

    The main objective of the study was: To conduct an economic evaluation, that considers both private and social welfare costs and benefits, of existing options for managing the biodegradable fraction of municipal solid waste. Although all management options (anaerobic digestion, composting, landfilling, incineration, etc.) receive some consideration in the study, the main emphasis has been on the ...


  • Anaerobic digestion in the United Kingdom

    Anaerobic digestion (AD) has been used to treat sewage sludge by the United Kingdom’s (UK) water industry for over 100 years. More recent years have seen a revolution as AD has swiftly expanded into agricultural feedstocks and food waste. Data from the Waste Resource and Action Programme (WRAP) shows that in the past year alone, there has been a 46 percent growth in the size of the sector. ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • CH#1138 - Anaerobic Digesters

    Waste Type: Fats, oils and grease (FOG) in Anaerobic Digesters Problem: FOG waste poses a challenge for most municipal wastewater collection systems and treatment plants. Although fats, oils and grease will biodegrade in an anaerobic digester, high concentrations will tend to 'mat' on the sludge surface, lowering digestion efficiency. This Midwestern municipal facility was no different. The 1.5 ...


    By BIO-SYSTEMS International

  • Passively Enhanced in Situ Biodegradation of Chlorinated Solvents.

    INTRODUCTION Harding Lawson Associates (HLA) conducted a field demonstration to evaluate in situ enhanced anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated solvents using Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC). The technology is designed to enhance the natural biodegradation process for a more rapid and complete degradation of the organic contaminants to non-toxic compounds (e.g., ethylene). This paper presents ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Passively Enhanced In-Situ Biodegradation of Chlorinated Solvents

    Harding Lawson Associates (HLA) conducted a field demonstration to evaluate in situ enhanced anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated solvents using Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC). The technology is designed to enhance the natural biodegradation process for a more rapid and complete degradation of the organic contaminants to non-toxic compounds (e.g., ethylene). This paper presents the results ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Anaerobic biodegradation of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol in expanded granular sludge bed and fluidized bed biofilm reactors bioaugmented with Desulfitobacterium spp.

    The biodegradation of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (246TCP) was studied using expanded granular sludge bed (EGSB) reactors and a fluidized bed biofilm reactor (FBBR) filled with activated carbon. One of the EGSB reactor and the FBBR were bioaugmented with Desulfitobacterium strains. 246TCP loading rate was gradually incremented from 10 to 250 mg L−1 day−1. The main pathway of dechlorination was in ...


    By IWA Publishing

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