anaerobic digester ammonia Articles

  • Methods of ammonia removal in anaerobic digestion: a review

    The anaerobic digestion of substrates with high ammonia content has always been a bottleneck in the methanisation process of biomasses. Since microbial communities in anaerobic digesters are sensitive to free ammonia at certain conditions, the digestion of nitrogen-rich substrates such as livestock wastes may result in inhibition/toxicity eventually leading to process failures, unless ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic Digest

    Boulder, Colorado: U.S. Distributed Renewables Forecast Published Navigant Research, a market research and consulting firm in Boulder, recently published the “U.S. Distributed Renewables Deployment Forecast, 2016-2025.” The report notes that deployment of distributed renewables, such as wind, solar and anaerobic digestion facilities, in the U.S. has accelerated in the last ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Treatment of wastewater from anaerobic digestion

    The Client The customer is power plant which produces biogas from biomass and sewage farm, through anaerobic digestion and thermal recovery, located nearby Munich in Germany. The Client’s needs Biogas is produced by the fermentation of organic substances of animal and vegetal origin in absence of oxygen (anaerobic process). This process produces a ...


    By EVALED-Evaporator

  • Nitrification of centrate from dewatering of anaerobically digested sludge

    Nitrification of anaerobically digested sludge centrate was studied in bench-scale suspended growth and fixed film enhanced suspended growth systems at temperatures of 10.5-28.5°C and pH values of 6.0-9.1. Nitrification followed zero-order kinetics in both systems, and ammonia removals in excess of 99% were observed. The temperature dependency of the suspended growth nitrification rate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mathematical models and bacterial communities for ammonia toxicity in mesophilic anaerobes not acclimated to high concentrations of ammonia

    In this study, we evaluated ammonia toxicity in mesophilic anaerobic digestion at various pH values and total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) concentrations. We performed anaerobic toxicity assays (ATAs) to evaluate the toxicity effects of TAN and pH on mesophilic anaerobic digestion. Modeling based on the results of the ATAs indicated that the specific methanogenic activity (SMA) decreased by 30% at a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Computer simulation of control strategies for optimal anaerobic digestion

    Three previously published control strategies for anaerobic digestion were implemented in Simulink/Matlab using Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 (ADM1) to model the biological process. The controllers’ performance were then simulated and evaluated based on their responses from five different types of process scenarios i.e. start-up and steady state performance as well as disturbances from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Safety Considerations at Anaerobic Digestion Plants

    Anaerobic digestion is a collection of processes which naturally breakdown organic matter to eventually produce biogas - a methane rich gas which is burned to produce both heat and electricity. The methane can also be used as vehicle fuel or injected into the gas grid. The industry is growing fast and is forecast to continue to do so with many farmers adding bio-gas plants alongside their ...

  • Degradation rate of anaerobically digested sewage sludge in soil

    The objective of this study was to monitor the degradation and obtain the mineralization fraction of anaerobically digested sludge, also known as digestate, under field conditions, when applied to the surface or incorporated into the soil. Sludge was applied to a dystrophic Inceptisol at a dose of 500 kg ha–1 yr–1 of total nitrogen, where the monitoring period of the mineralization ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fate of phosphorus during anaerobic digestion of sludge from an EBPR plant

    As part of their ongoing commitment to produce safe sewage sludge for recycling to agricultural land, Anglian Water are expanding their enhanced sludge treatment operations at four key sites across the Eastern region. The project at Whitlingham STW uses thermal hydrolysis as a pre-treatment to anaerobic digestion as the main sludge treatment process. As well as producing an enhanced treated ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Thermal hydrolysis pre-treatment for high solids anaerobic digestion

    The City and County of San Francisco completed a two-year pilot study of pre-treatment processes to mesophilic anaerobic digestion for improved biosolids stabilization and production of biosolids suitable for unrestricted reuse (class A biosolids). The results of this effort will help in the design of the new Solids Handling Facility (SHF) at the 11 m3/s Southeast Water Pollution Control Plant ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Thermophilic anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge with high solids content

    The treatment performance of thermophilic anaerobic digestion (AD) of sewage sludge with high solids content was investigated with two laboratory-scale thermophilic anaerobic reactors (R1 and R2) with a feeding of pre-centrifuged sewage sludge. Reactor R1 was fed with sludge of 3.7% total solids (TS). The volatile solids (VS) removal ratio and methane yield in the stable state were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Degradation characteristics of polylactide in thermophilic anaerobic digestion with hyperthermophilic solubilization condition

    To test whether hyperthermophilic treatment promotes polylactide (PLA) dissolution and methane conversion under anaerobic digestion conditions, a single thermophilic control reactor (55 °C) and a two-phase system consisting of a hyperthermophilic reactor (80 °C) and a thermophilic reactor (55 °C) were continuously fed with a mixture of PLA and artificial kitchen garbage. In Runs 1 and 2, the PLA ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Model assisted startup of anaerobic digesters fed with thermally hydrolysed activated sludge

    This paper presents the use of the IWA ADM1 to predict and interpret results from two full-scale anaerobic digesters fed with thermal hyrolysate (waste activated sludge with a long upstream sludge age) from a Cambi hydrolysis process operating at 165°C and 6 bar-g. The first digester was fed conventionally—though intermittently, while the second was heavily diluted through a substantial component ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of anaerobic digestion processes for short sludge-age waste activated sludge combined with anammox treatment of digestate liquor

    The need to reduce energy input and enhance energy recovery from wastewater is driving renewed interest in high-rate activated sludge treatment (i.e. short hydraulic and solids retention times (HRT and SRT, respectively)). This process generates short SRT activated sludge stream, which should be highly degradable. However, the evaluation of anaerobic digestion of short SRT sludge has been ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic treatment of food waste in pilot scale

    For this work, a pilot scale anaerobic digester was used to assess the treatability of food waste from a canteen. The digester was operated for 720 days, and its efficiency in removing organic matter and suspended solids as well as producing biogas were assessed. At the beginning of operation, the digester failed and alkalinity buffering was required until stabilization. A maximum chemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrogen removal from digested manure in a simple one-stage process

    A process based on partial nitrification and recirculation into the anaerobic digester was studied to remove nitrogen from digested manure and thus reduce enhanced gaseous ammonia emissions due to on-farm biogas production. An anaerobic reactor representing an anaerobic manure digester was fed with a nitrite solution and digested manure liquor. Nitrite was efficiently removed from the influent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic model for high-solids or high-temperature digestion – additional pathway of acetate oxidation

    Current anaerobic digestion models cannot properly simulate processes that are operated under high solids concentrations or high temperatures. A modification to existing models has been implemented by adding important missing degradation pathways, to accommodate these systems without artificially recalibrating the model parameters. Specifically, we implemented the alternate acetate oxidizing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Digestion of wastewater pond microalgae and potential inhibition by alum and ammoniacal-N

    Algae are produced in considerable quantities in oxidation ponds, and may negatively affect receiving waters when discharged at high concentration. Thus in some instances they require removal prior to effluent discharge, which may be enhanced using flocculants such as alum. Harvested algal biomass could be anaerobically digested to methane for use as a renewable energy source, however, alum, has ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Lab-scaled digestibility study of wastewater sludge treated by thermal hydrolysis

    ABSTRACT High-solids mesophilic anaerobic digestion (HS-MAD) processes employing thermal hydrolytic pretreatment (THP) have gained much interest in recent years; primarily because they have been shown to produce Class A biosolids in accordance with EPA 503 regulations, but also because they represent an economical approach to the maximization of available anaerobic digester volume. The ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Analysis and optimization of ammonia stripping using multi-fluid model

    Ammonia recovery from anaerobic digestion (AD) is a notably beneficial process for removing excess nitrogen, producing low cost fertilizer and enhancing odor abatement. A process was developed for nutrients recovery by integrating a simple and effective stripping process with AD system. To design, optimize and scale up this system, multi-fluid model was developed to simulate flow, mass transfer ...


    By IWA Publishing

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