anaerobic digester ammonia Articles

  • Methods of ammonia removal in anaerobic digestion: a review

    The anaerobic digestion of substrates with high ammonia content has always been a bottleneck in the methanisation process of biomasses. Since microbial communities in anaerobic digesters are sensitive to free ammonia at certain conditions, the digestion of nitrogen-rich substrates such as livestock wastes may result in inhibition/toxicity eventually leading to process failures, unless ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mathematical models and bacterial communities for ammonia toxicity in mesophilic anaerobes not acclimated to high concentrations of ammonia

    In this study, we evaluated ammonia toxicity in mesophilic anaerobic digestion at various pH values and total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) concentrations. We performed anaerobic toxicity assays (ATAs) to evaluate the toxicity effects of TAN and pH on mesophilic anaerobic digestion. Modeling based on the results of the ATAs indicated that the specific methanogenic activity (SMA) decreased by 30% at a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis and optimization of ammonia stripping using multi-fluid model

    Ammonia recovery from anaerobic digestion (AD) is a notably beneficial process for removing excess nitrogen, producing low cost fertilizer and enhancing odor abatement. A process was developed for nutrients recovery by integrating a simple and effective stripping process with AD system. To design, optimize and scale up this system, multi-fluid model was developed to simulate flow, mass transfer ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stripping Ammonia in Anaerobic Digesters

    GIVEN its high population density, coupled with the demanding environmental standards enforced by the Environmental Protection Department, it is not surprising that Hong Kong served as the incubator for our process to remove ammonia from wastewater. What has resulted is a novel thermal ammonia stripping technology, which has low operating costs, high standards, and a small footprint. Since 1997, ...


    By Organics USA, Inc.

  • Bench and full scale evaluation of an alternative sidestream bioaugmentation process

     ABSTRACT The New York City Department of Environmental Protection (NYCDEP) has developed and is utilizing a unique sidestream treatment process that provides for nitrogen removal from high ammonia anaerobically digested sludge dewatering centrate, while producing predominantly nitrite as the ammonia oxidation product (Katehis, 2002; Fillos, 2005). The biomass produced in the sidestream ...

  • Nitrification of centrate from dewatering of anaerobically digested sludge

    Nitrification of anaerobically digested sludge centrate was studied in bench-scale suspended growth and fixed film enhanced suspended growth systems at temperatures of 10.5-28.5°C and pH values of 6.0-9.1. Nitrification followed zero-order kinetics in both systems, and ammonia removals in excess of 99% were observed. The temperature dependency of the suspended growth nitrification rate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Electrochemically-assisted ammonia recovery from wastewater using a floating electrode

    This work presents and explores a novel methodology for the removal and recovery of ammonia from wastewater based upon two mechanisms: electrochemical oxidation and a previously unreported electrochemically-assisted surface transfer mechanism. Recovery of ammonia is enabled by placing a porous cathodic electrode at the wastewater-air interface. In this configuration, the cathode creates local ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nutrient analysis system keeps wastewater plant in control - Case Study

    Problem The Denver, Colo., Metro Wastewater Reclamation District wanted near real-time nutrient analysis for a very challenging headworks wastewater aeration process, consisting of a combination of centrate and RAS. The centrate and RAS reaeration basin (CaRRB) effluent is added to primary effluent prior to mainstream aeration. Solution ASA Analytics ...


    By ChemScan, Inc.

  • Safety Considerations at Anaerobic Digestion Plants

    Anaerobic digestion is a collection of processes which naturally breakdown organic matter to eventually produce biogas - a methane rich gas which is burned to produce both heat and electricity. The methane can also be used as vehicle fuel or injected into the gas grid. The industry is growing fast and is forecast to continue to do so with many farmers adding bio-gas plants alongside their ...

  • Feasibility of high solid anaerobic digestion: option for treatment of distillers grains from cassava ethanol production

    This research article mainly focused on the feasibility and management of distillers grains produced from ethanol industries using high solid anaerobic digestion systems. A significant barrier for distillers grains in the anaerobic process are its low pH (3.80–4.16) and high C/N ratio (37/1–42/1). According to distillers grains characteristics, the stillage investigated was in dry form (TS 23% to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nitrogen removal from digested manure in a simple one-stage process

    A process based on partial nitrification and recirculation into the anaerobic digester was studied to remove nitrogen from digested manure and thus reduce enhanced gaseous ammonia emissions due to on-farm biogas production. An anaerobic reactor representing an anaerobic manure digester was fed with a nitrite solution and digested manure liquor. Nitrite was efficiently removed from the influent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Thermal hydrolysis of the lipid and protein fractions of wastewater sludge: implications for digester performance and operational considerations

    ABSTRACT Thermal hydrolytic pretreatment of wastewater sludge followed by mesophilic anaerobic digestion poses significant benefits in terms of sludge minimization and pathogen reduction; however, high levels of volatile fatty acids (VFA) in digester effluent reveal an interruption in the efficient conversion of organic material to methane gas. Residual soluble chemical oxygen demand (COD) not ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Pathogen Inactivation by a Closed Alakaline System

    ABSTRACTThe efficiency of advanced alkaline disinfection in closed systems has been demonstrated to depend on the balance of ammonia concentration, pH, exposure time, temperature, total solids content, post-treatment storage time and mixing effectiveness. When the alkaline system is a closed one, an additional pathogen stressor is added: pressure. The effect of the alkaline dosing has been ...

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