anaerobic digester microorganism Articles

  • Anaerobic Digest

    Washington, DC: NOSB Considers Digestate Use Petition The National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has agreed to consider a petition from Cenergy USA, the makers of Magic Dirt™, to allow use of digestate from anaerobic digestion plants in organic agriculture. Magic Dirt is made from digested dairy manure fibers. The soil amendment products ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • CH#1138 - Anaerobic Digesters

    Waste Type: Fats, oils and grease (FOG) in Anaerobic Digesters Problem: FOG waste poses a challenge for most municipal wastewater collection systems and treatment plants. Although fats, oils and grease will biodegrade in an anaerobic digester, high concentrations will tend to 'mat' on the sludge surface, lowering digestion efficiency. This Midwestern municipal facility was no different. The 1.5 ...


    By Bio-Systems International

  • Formation of granules with filamentous microorganisms abundant in anaerobic sequencing batch reactor

    The start-up and granulation in a lab-scale Anaerobic Sequencing Batch Reactor (ASBR) fed with synthetic glucose wastewater were investigated. Sludge granulation proceeded after 110 days operation and was completed in approximately 140 days. Scanning electron microscope images showed that filamentous bacteria like Methanosaeta are abundant in the granule and exhibit in a uniform structure. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sludge electrooxidation as pre-treatment for anaerobic digestion

    Anaerobic digestion of wastewater sludge is the preferred method for sludge treatment as it produces energy in the form of biogas as well as a stabilised product that may be land applied. Different pre-treatments have been proposed to solubilise organic matter and increase biogas production. Sludge electrooxidation with boron-doped diamond electrodes was used as pre-treatment for waste ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Residential SSO To High Solids Anaerobic Digestion

    Source separated organics, including kitchen and garden waste, are processed in a dry AD plant. Resulting biomethane is injected into an adjacent natural gas pipeline. Winterthur, a city in the canton of Zürich in northern Switzerland, has the country’s sixth largest population, estimated at more than 100,000. In 2011, the City of Winterthur launched a 2050 energy policy to ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • The effect of mixing conditions on anaerobic digester performance

    The basic principle of aerobic wastewater treatment is the conversion of some parts of organic matters to biomass and this causes production of excessive sludge in aerobic processes. This excessive sludge is withdrawn from time to time to prevent accumulation of biomass in aeration basin. In most cases, this sludge requires the stabilization before the dewatering and disposal. Different processes ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Advantages of anaerobic digestion of sludge in microaerobic conditions

    The paper reviews results and experience of microaerobic experiments at both high and low sulphide concentrations and evaluates advantages and drawbacks of the anaerobic digestion of sludge in microaerobic conditions as regards biogas quality, digested sludge quality, organic pollutants biodegradability and methanogenic activity of biomass. The innovative microaerobic modification of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A modified anaerobic digestion process with chemical sludge pre-treatment and its modelling

    Activated Sludge Models (ASMs) assume an unbiodegradable organic particulate fraction in the activated sludge, which is derived from the decay of active microorganisms in the sludge and/or introduced from wastewater. In this study, a seasonal change of such activated sludge constituents in a municipal wastewater treatment plant was monitored for 1.5 years. The chemical oxygen demand ratio of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Do you know everything you need to know about anaerobic digestion?

    If you haven’t heard about anaerobic digestion yet, this blog post is the perfect place to start, and if you have, then you will know that technology is an ideal way for businesses to recycle their waste and cut their carbon footprint. Anaerobic digestion is an innovative treatment and an ideal way for businesses in the agricultural and industrial sectors to recycle their waste and cut ...


    By GPT Waste Management Ltd

  • Effect of temperature on composting residual Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (OFMSW) after anaerobic digestion

    Aerobic composting is generally considered as a necessary post-treatment for residual solids after anaerobic digestion. This study aimed to determine the effects of temperature on biodegradation, microbial population density in composting residual OFMSW after anaerobic digestion. Four composting runs at different set temperatures were conducted. The rate of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development of a natural treatment system consisting of red ball earth and alfalfa for the post-treatment of anaerobically digested livestock wastewater

    With the objective of developing a post-treatment process for anaerobically digested livestock wastewater, an innovative natural treatment system composed of two units is proposed. The first trickling filter unit further reduced biochemical oxygen demand and achieved a certain degree of nitrification. The second soil-plant unit was targeted at the removal and recovery of nutrients N, P and K. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Up Flow - Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Reactor (UASB)

    About Anaerobic Wastewater Treatment Anaerobic Wastewater Treatment is a wastewater treatment system using biology that without using of air or oxygen. It aimed to remove organic pollution in wastewater, slurries and sludge. Anaerobic microorganisms convert organic pollutants into a “biogas” which contains methane and carbon dioxide.1 About Up ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Temperature–dependent polylactic acid (PLA) anaerobic biodegradability

    Polylactic acid (PLA) biodegradability is mostly claimed according to PLA biodegradation behaviour under aerobic composting conditions. However, waste materials containing PLA are frequently disposed of in municipal landfills, which are operated anaerobically. PLA anaerobic sludge digestion results are acquired to elucidate effects of the degrading temperature on PLA biodegradation. When the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tylosin effect on methanogenesis in an anaerobic biomass from swine wastewater treatment

    The effect of different concentrations of tylosin on methane production was investigated: first methanogenesis in a biomass without contact with the antibiotic, and later the ability of the sludge to adapt to increasing concentrations of tylosin. Results showed that, for biomass that had no contact with the antibiotic, the presence of tylosin inhibits the generation of methane even at ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Inhibition of Biogas Production by Alkyl Benzene Sulfonates (LAS) in a Screening Test for Anaerobic Biodegradability

    Abstract  The effect of the inoculum source on the digestion of linear alkylbenzene sulfonates (LAS) under anaerobic conditions has been investigated. The potential for primary and ultimate LAS biodegradation of anaerobic sludge samples obtained from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) of different geographical locations was studied applying a batch test system. It was found that only 4–22% ...


  • Effect of digester F/M ratio on gas production and sludge minimization of ultrasonically treated sludge

    Sludge pretreatment by mechanical, chemical or thermal methods before anaerobic digestion has been applied to increase the digestability of excess sludge. Pretreatment processes rely on their ability to disrupt cell membranes and to release organic materials from the cells into the aqueous phase. Pretreatment by mechanical disintegration has grown rapidly in recent years in parallel with the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mathematical models and bacterial communities for ammonia toxicity in mesophilic anaerobes not acclimated to high concentrations of ammonia

    In this study, we evaluated ammonia toxicity in mesophilic anaerobic digestion at various pH values and total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) concentrations. We performed anaerobic toxicity assays (ATAs) to evaluate the toxicity effects of TAN and pH on mesophilic anaerobic digestion. Modeling based on the results of the ATAs indicated that the specific methanogenic activity (SMA) decreased by 30% at a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Presence and survival of fungi and clostridium Tyrobutyricum during anaerobic treatment of organic household waste

    Today the anaerobic microbial process of biogas formation is more into focus than ever. This interest is due to the fact that is offers the community means of fulfilling several obligations: treatment of organic wastes, recirculation of nutrients between urban and rural areas and production of renewable energy. Presently, several Swedish cities have built centralised biogas plants, treating ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Improved methane production from waste activated sludge with low organic content by alkaline pretreatment at pH 10

    Sludge with low organic content always results in an unsatisfactory performance, even failure of anaerobic digestion. The alkaline pretreatment effect on anaerobic digestion of sludge with low organic content has seldom been studied although it gives many benefits for sludge with high organic content. In this study the influence of alkaline pretreatment (pH 10, an effective alkaline pH) on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The use of microalgae and their culture medium for biogas production in an integrated cycle

    Vinasse is a residue produced in large quantities as a sub-product of ethanol production. Anaerobic digestion of vinasse can yield large amounts of biogas, but often difficulties arise in maintaining stable operation, due to the acidity of the material (which has a pH between 3.5 and 5) and a strong tendency to further acidification. Anaerobically digested vinasse can be used as part of a ...


    By IWA Publishing

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