anaerobic digestion biomass Articles

  • Effect of initial biomass on cellulose hydrolysis by leachate communities

    Batch anaerobic digestions were performed in 160 ml serum vials, cellulose (1% wt) was the sole added carbon source. All reactors were inoculated with a 10% (v/v) leachate inoculum. The concentration of micro-organisms in the leachate inoculums was increased using centrifugation to investigate the effect of initial biomass on hydrolysis performance. The hydrolysis rate constant for digestions ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anaerobic digestion of sunflower oil cake: a current overview

    Due to the chemical and physical structure of a lignocellulosic biomass, its anaerobic digestion (AD) is a slow and difficult process. In this paper, the results obtained from a batch biochemical methane potential (BMP) test and fed-batch mesophilic AD assays of sunflower oil cake (SuOC) are presented. Taking into account the low digestibility shown during one-stage experiments the methane yield ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Using Anaerobic Biomass Digestion to Produce Hydrogen and Biofuel

    For many years, hydrogen has been considered as an alternative to fossil fuels. Now, Scientists are aiming to develop an environmentally friendly method to produce hydrogen from biomass by optimizing anaerobic digestion systems.1 Climate change, dwindling fuel resources and energy prices have spearheaded intensive efforts to detect and optimize ...

  • The performance of a modified Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (ABR) treating high strength synthetic wastewater

    In the present study the overall performance of a modified Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (ABR) treating high strength synthetic wastewater was first described. The reactor differs from the original ABR as follow: a modified internal lamella separator was positioned at top of each up-flow sections to separate the biogas and liquid to reduce the sludge wash out. The initial organic loading rate was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biohydrogen production by anaerobic co–digestion of press mud and domestic sewage

    Anaerobic fermentation of press mud and sewage for biohydrogen production was conducted in six batch reactors for various total solid concentrations between 5–8.5%. Chemical oxygen demand, pH, total solid % for biohydrogen produced were monitored regularly. The experiments were conducted for 40 days to optimise the total solid content of the feed for maximum biohydrogen production. Effect of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effect of agitation on the performance of an anaerobic sequencing batch biofilm reactor in the treatment of dairy effluents

    Agitation rate is an important parameter in the operation of Anaerobic Sequencing Biofilm Batch Reactors (ASBBRs), and a proper agitation rate guarantees good mixing, improves mass transfer, and enhances the solubility of the particulate organic matter. Dairy effluents have a high amount of particulate organic matter, and their anaerobic digestion presents inhibitory intermediates (e.g., ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic digestion of waste biomass from the production of L-cystine in suspended-growth bioreactors

    Waste biomass from the industrial production of the amino acid L-cystine contains above-average concentrations of organic pollutants and significant concentrations of nitrogen and sulfur. The specific biogas production (SBP) of waste biomass was monitored in parallel suspended-growth laboratory anaerobic bioreactors. After severe inhibition was observed, three different procedures were applied ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Beating treatment to enhance digestibility of fresh grass

    Anaerobic digestion (AD) is one of the most popular biomass conversion technologies. AD can be further divided into four stages: pre–treatment, digestion, gas upgrading and digestate. The main goal of pre–treatment is to improve degradability of the material in order to enhance gas production and anaerobic digester performance. Beating treatment as a new mechanical treatment technique has been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Digestion of wastewater pond microalgae and potential inhibition by alum and ammoniacal-N

    Algae are produced in considerable quantities in oxidation ponds, and may negatively affect receiving waters when discharged at high concentration. Thus in some instances they require removal prior to effluent discharge, which may be enhanced using flocculants such as alum. Harvested algal biomass could be anaerobically digested to methane for use as a renewable energy source, however, alum, has ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Model assisted startup of anaerobic digesters fed with thermally hydrolysed activated sludge

    This paper presents the use of the IWA ADM1 to predict and interpret results from two full-scale anaerobic digesters fed with thermal hyrolysate (waste activated sludge with a long upstream sludge age) from a Cambi hydrolysis process operating at 165°C and 6 bar-g. The first digester was fed conventionally—though intermittently, while the second was heavily diluted through a substantial component ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Acetoclastic methanogens in an anaerobic digester could be susceptible to trace metal supplementation

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of nutrient supplementation on anaerobic biomass. While many studies emphasized the importance of supplementing trace metals such as iron, cobalt, and nickel for maximum methanogenic activity, there is no evidence whether such supplements, even at relatively low concentration, could perturb anaerobic biomass. Effects of supplementing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methods of ammonia removal in anaerobic digestion: a review

    The anaerobic digestion of substrates with high ammonia content has always been a bottleneck in the methanisation process of biomasses. Since microbial communities in anaerobic digesters are sensitive to free ammonia at certain conditions, the digestion of nitrogen-rich substrates such as livestock wastes may result in inhibition/toxicity eventually leading to process failures, unless ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of microbial activity in anaerobic and microaerobic digesters

    Microaerobic alternative of anaerobic digestion offers many advantages especially when sulfide concentration in the digester is high. For better understanding of the microaerobic technology more detailed characterization of biomass activity is needed. Two equal digesters were operated under the same condition except of microaeration in one of them. During long term operation of anaerobic and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrification of centrate from dewatering of anaerobically digested sludge

    Nitrification of anaerobically digested sludge centrate was studied in bench-scale suspended growth and fixed film enhanced suspended growth systems at temperatures of 10.5-28.5°C and pH values of 6.0-9.1. Nitrification followed zero-order kinetics in both systems, and ammonia removals in excess of 99% were observed. The temperature dependency of the suspended growth nitrification rate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An asymptotic observer-based monitoring scheme for a class of plug flow reactors

    In this paper a monitoring tool is designed for a class of plug flow reactors whose mathematical model is described by a set of first-order partial differential equations with different coefficients in the convective terms. The infinite dimensional structure of such a tool is derived according to the methodology established in the design of the well-known asymptotic observer. As a consequence, it ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Autotroph-Hetertroph Interactions in Activated Sludge: Bioaugmentaion from Side-Stream Treatment

    Successful engineering of bioaugmentation for wastewater treatment requires an understanding of microbial ecology. Therefore, the aim of this work was to examine one aspect of reactor ecology: potential interactions between heterotrophic bacteria and ammonia oxidizing bacteria. Microscopic observation, macroscopic observation, and molecular biology techniques were utilized to characterize ...

  • Advantages of anaerobic digestion of sludge in microaerobic conditions

    The paper reviews results and experience of microaerobic experiments at both high and low sulphide concentrations and evaluates advantages and drawbacks of the anaerobic digestion of sludge in microaerobic conditions as regards biogas quality, digested sludge quality, organic pollutants biodegradability and methanogenic activity of biomass. The innovative microaerobic modification of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of various leachate recirculation strategies on batch anaerobic digestion of solid substrates

    Various leachate recirculation strategies were applied to a batch-wise operated solid-phase digestion system in laboratory-scale tests. Comparative experiments with both continuous and intermittent leachate recirculation revealed no advantages of a continuous flow. Results suggest that leachate recirculation should not be carried out continuously during process initialisation when methanogenesis ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Turning waste into power

    Economic, social and environmental factors dictate the necessity to manage waste to a new level. Wastewater plants, landfills, farms and food plants are all the owners of biomass that can be digested to produce biogas and turned into power. Biogas can be burned directly in boilers for heat recovery and used for manufacturing, heating or cooling; this is the simplest method of direct biogas ...


    By Hurll Nu-Way

  • Reduced Emissions for Landfill Gas Installations

    The use of landfill gas as a source of renewable energy is increasing. For environmental and safety reasons, the owners of the waste storage sites have to strictly monitor and control the construction, operations, and emissions generated. Sulzer offers solutions to control these emissions within the limits given by the government. Landfill gas is similar to natural gas, but it is created by ...


    By Sulzer Ltd.

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