anaerobic digestion control Articles

  • Anaerobic Digest

    Washington, DC: NOSB Considers Digestate Use Petition The National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has agreed to consider a petition from Cenergy USA, the makers of Magic Dirt™, to allow use of digestate from anaerobic digestion plants in organic agriculture. Magic Dirt is made from digested dairy manure fibers. The soil amendment products ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Bio-fuels- Anaerobic digestion

    Anaerobic digestion is a series of processes in which micro organisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen. It is widely used to treat wastewater sludges and organic (agricultural) wastes.  As part of an integrated waste management system, anaerobic digestion reduces the emission of gas into the atmosphere. Anaerobic digestion is a renewable energy source because the ...


    By Triangle Ltd

  • Anaerobic Digestion at Dairy Farms

    The need to upgrade dairy waste management practices to overcome pollution problems is leading more farmers to seek solutions with anaerobic digestion technology. Two recent examples of this trend are underway at California sites. The Cal Poly Dairy is located adjacent to the California Polytechnic State University campus in San Luis Obispo. The dairy milks 180 cows with a total population of ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Latest Progress in Anaerobic Digestion

    Compared to countries like Germany and Denmark, the United States and Canada have a long way to go in creating the fundamental policy incentives and regulatory mandates that will encourage market development for anaerobic digestion (AD). Someone recently asked me how many years it would take to deploy AD systems on farms in North America that are large enough to economically use them. Given ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Computer simulation of control strategies for optimal anaerobic digestion

    Three previously published control strategies for anaerobic digestion were implemented in Simulink/Matlab using Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 (ADM1) to model the biological process. The controllers’ performance were then simulated and evaluated based on their responses from five different types of process scenarios i.e. start-up and steady state performance as well as disturbances from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic Digestion—What Are the Economics?

    Although solid waste AD facilities are just starting to emerge, haulers and their customers may see some benefits if the development trend continues. A Pro Forma Model objective can be constructed for strategic planning of an anaerobic digestion facility. Anaerobic digestion (AD) of food wastes in the U.S. is a developing market that is poised for continued growth in many regions. ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • Evaluation of anaerobic digestate as a substrate for vermicomposting

    Vermicomposting is an established process to convert organic wastes into vermicastings suitable for plant growth. This research investigated the vermicomposting of anaerobic digestate with four different ratios of sawdust as a bulking material, for 75 days. The optimum proportion of anaerobic digestate to sawdust was identified as 70:30 based on worm growth and reproduction. Vermicomposting ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Safety Considerations at Anaerobic Digestion Plants

    Anaerobic digestion is a collection of processes which naturally breakdown organic matter to eventually produce biogas - a methane rich gas which is burned to produce both heat and electricity. The methane can also be used as vehicle fuel or injected into the gas grid. The industry is growing fast and is forecast to continue to do so with many farmers adding bio-gas plants alongside their ...

  • Manure Spills: Prevention, Detection, Control Options, & the Role of Anaerobic Digesters

    An internet search for manure-related spills can lead to an exhausting list of news articles and images of catastrophic environmental damage. In Wisconsin alone, the ...


    By BIOFerm™ Energy Systems

  • Manure Spills: Prevention, Detection, Control Options, and the Role of Anaerobic Digesters

    Manure Spills: Prevention, Detection, Control Options, and the Role of Anaerobic Digesters FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE By Steven Sell, Biologist & Application Engineer Wednesdays August 27, 2014 ...


    By BIOFerm™ Energy Systems

  • Methanization and mineralization of 2-chlorophenol by anaerobic digestion

    The aim of this study is to contribute to the knowledge about 2-Chlorophenol (2CP) mineralization and methanization in batch culture. This work was focused on evaluating the effect of: (i) the use of sludge with different periods of previous contact to 2CP, (ii) the electron donor addition in stoichiometric relation with 2CP and (iii) the presence of different initial oxygen concentrations. When ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High solids anaerobic digestion of pfmsw using novel anaerobic reactors

    In the last decade efforts have been made to control anaerobic digestion of the putrescible fraction of municipal solid waste (PFMSW) in engineered reactors, than to allow for 'free' digestion in landfill sites. Such a process achieves enhanced treatment efficiency in significantly reduced retention times (from years down to days) and completes energy recovery from waste, without biogas emissions ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Installation of Radar Level Instruments in Anaerobic Digesters

    ABSTRACTThere are numerous well-proven options available for level determination instrumentation. Instrumenting treatment processes present some unique challenges. Some of these include the ability for wastewater or residuals to clog and blind instruments. Level determination in an anaerobic digester presents these problems as well as others including foaming, surface agitation, and operation in ...

  • Methane conversion efficiency as a simple control parameter for an anaerobic digester at high loading rates

    The anaerobic digestion process is globally applied to the treatment of highly concentrated wastes such as industrial and rural effluents, and sewage sludge. However, it is known to be relatively unstable. When loaded with high concentrations of organic material, unwanted volatile fatty acids (VFA) are often produced rather than methane (CH4) gas which can lead to digester acidification and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Effect of the Microsludgetm Treatment Process on Anaerobic Digestion Performance

    ABSTRACT Thickened waste activated sludge (TWAS) from biological treatment processes is less amenable to anaerobic digestion than primary sludge. This is due to TWAS being composed mostly of cellular material and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) instead of more easily digestible carbohydrates and fats that are typically found in primary sludge. In an attempt to improve TWAS digestion ...

  • Effect of sodium salt on anaerobic digestion of kitchen waste

    The effect of different sodium salt concentration on anaerobic digestion of kitchen waste was investigated. The methane production performance, the corresponding methane production model and sodium salt inhibition model were studied, and the degradation efficiency was analyzed. With the increase of sodium salt concentration, the methane yield and the maximal methane production rate decreased ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Combination of extremum-seeking algorithms with effective hydraulic handling of equalization tanks to control anaerobic digesters

    The benefits of upgrading extremum-seeking controllers with an effective exploitation of the buffer capacity of equalization tanks have been investigated and applied to anaerobic digesters. In this respect, a Fuzzy-based supervisory module that monitors the state of the equalization tank has been designed and built on top of an extremum-seeking algorithm in charge of automatically regulating the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Using Anaerobic Biomass Digestion to Produce Hydrogen and Biofuel

    For many years, hydrogen has been considered as an alternative to fossil fuels. Now, Scientists are aiming to develop an environmentally friendly method to produce hydrogen from biomass by optimizing anaerobic digestion systems.1 Climate change, dwindling fuel resources and energy prices have spearheaded intensive efforts to detect and optimize ...


    By Edinburgh Sensors Ltd

  • Control of C/N ratio for butyric acid production from textile wastewater sludge by anaerobic digestion

    Increasing textile wastewaters and their biotreatment byproduct–waste activated sludge are serious pollution problems. Butyric acid production from textile wastewater sludge by anaerobic digestion at different C/N ratios was investigated. Adding starch to textile wastewater sludge with a C/N ratio of 30 increased the butyric acid concentration and percentage accounting for total volatile fatty ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A pilot study of anaerobic membrane digesters for concurrent thickening and digestion of waste activated sludge (WAS)

    The increased interest in biomass energy provides incentive for the development of efficient and high throughput digesters such as anaerobic membrane bioreactors (AnMBRs) to stabilize waste activated sludge (WAS). This paper presents the results of a pilot and short term filtration study that was conducted to assess the performance of AnMBRs when treating WAS at a 15 day hydraulic retention time ...


    By IWA Publishing

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