anaerobic digestion microbe Articles

  • Harnessing The Power Of Microbes

    University researchers are advancing both the understanding and scalability of a biological process where bacteria living under anaerobic conditions consume organic waste and generate electrons and protons that are tapped for electricity production.IMAGINE a self-sustaining battery that never runs out of juice. While the notion may sound far-fetched, Dr. Leonard Tender at the Naval Research ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Peristaltic Pumps excel in Anaerobic Digestion & Biogas applications

    Biogas is a natural gas also known as biofuel or biomass and is produced by breaking down organic material such as household waste, manure and crops grown specifically for biofuel with temperature-sensitive microbes and capturing the by-products. In practice, it is difficult to find a pumping system for this application. Why? The pumps needs to handle fluid media as well as gas parts ...

  • Anaerobic Digesters Heated by Direct Steam Injection: Experience and Lessons Learned

    The City of Crystal Lake (Illinois) municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) employs an anaerobic digester heating system that differentiates itself from most heating systems by using direct steam injection (DSI). This heating system has been in operation for over four years.Selection criterion included: high energy efficiency, small footprint, low maintenance costs and tight temperature ...

  • Innovation Key To Biosolids Digestion

    A $400 million project at the Blue Plains Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant (AWTP) in Washington, D.C., involves building an innovative biosolids management system comprised of a thermal hydrolysis process, four 3.8-million gallon mesophilic digesters (measuring 70-ft tall by 100-ft in diameter) with fixed covers, a cogeneration system consisting of three 4.6-MW Solar Mercu ry 50 gas turbines ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Factors affecting decay of Salmonella Birkenhead and coliphage MS2 during mesophilic anaerobic digestion and air drying of sewage sludge

    Factors affecting the decay of Salmonella Birkenhead and coliphage, as representatives of bacterial and viral pathogens, respectively, during mesophilic anaerobic digestion (MAD) and air drying treatment of anaerobically digested sewage sludge were investigated. Controlled concentrations of S. Birkenhead were inoculated into non-sterile, autoclaved, γ-irradiated and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development and Application of Biological H2S Scrubbers for Treatment of Digester Gas

    ABSTRACTAs part of the California Energy Group (Former California Energy Commission) Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program, biological hydrogen sulfide (H2S) biogas cleaning was evaluated. The biological H2S scrubber uses bacteria to oxidize the sulfide to produce both elementary sulfur and sulfuric acid. This system was tested at the Inland Empire Utilities Agency’s Regional Plant 1 ...

  • Comparative 16S rRNA gene surveys of granular sludge from three upflow anaerobic bioreactors treating purified terephthalic acid (PTA) wastewater

    The microbial communities from three upflow anaerobic bioreactors treating purified terephthalic acid (PTA) wastewater were characterized with 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing surveys. Universal bacterial and archaeal primers were used to compare the bioreactor communities to each other. A total of 1,733 bacterial sequences and 383 archaeal sequences were characterized. The high number of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Emerging Waste Conversion Technologies

    Today, people and companies are more aware and concerned about the environment than ever before. Everyone is looking for ways to reduce waste or convert organic waste into something more useful. The Federal Government has introduced a renewable energy policy and is continuing to fund for new waste conversion technology. It is now important for local governments to portray their cities and towns ...

  • Editorial: Going For Gold

    Production of August BioCycle overlaps with the Summer Olympic games in Rio. Watching athletes from around the world put themselves out there in hopes of winning the gold is inspiring, sometimes breathtaking. The rigor of training, the intensity of competition, the dedication and discipline — are there parallels to our world of organics recycling? First there is the obvious. Retail compost ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Is Water RunOff Effecting my Pond?

    What is Water RunOff? Runoff is precipitation that did not get (infiltrated) absorbed into the soil, or did not evaporate, and therefore made its way from the ground surface into places that water collect. Runoff causes erosion, and also carry chemicals and substances on the ground surface along to the ponds, lakes and rivers where the water ends up. ( ...


    By Keeton Industries, Inc.

  • The whey to renewable energy

    When Tom Wilson with the Pennsylvania State University Cooperative Extension set out to study the feasibility of a community-based anaerobic digester in Mercer County, he initially analyzed processing manure collected from area dairies and food wastes gathered from the local college, nearby prisons and industrial food processors. But the economics of transporting the materials just did not make ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Converting plant waste into biofuels

    Promising advances using yeast and fungi. Written by Nancy W. Stauffer. You can read the original story in MIT News MIT researchers are genetically engineering yeast to break down stubborn plant fibers into sugars that it can then ferment — a first ...

  • Captive power plant efficiency for Africa

    Power distribution networks across Africa are notoriously unreliable. Frequent power interruptions can be enormously costly for many of the continent’s factories. Not only do power outages disrupt production batches, they can also damage or reduce the life of important plant components such as kilns. This too has a knock-on effect on wider the country’s gross domestic product – ...


    By Clarke Energy

  • Rt-Ribosyn – A New Method to Measure the Specific Growth Rates of Distinct Microbial Populations in Engineered Systems

    ABSTRACTA molecular biology based method called RT-RiboSyn has been developed to measure the specific growth rate of microbial populations. This method analyzes culture samples that have been exposed to chloramphenicol for defined times. Chloramphenicol disrupts ribosome synthesis, which causes a buildup of the level of precursor 16S rRNA within the cells. Specific microbial populations can be ...

  • Commericalizing cellulosic ethanol

    Cellulosic biofuels, produced from nonfood feedstock, are expected to play a critical role in reducing the country's dependence on imported oil. EISA, the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, calls for the production of 100 million gallons per year (mgpy) of cellulosic biofuels by 2010, with a longer term goal of 16 billion gallons by 2022.Achieving these goals will not be easy. Several ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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