anaerobic digestion modeling Articles

  • Anaerobic digestion of aliphatic polyesters

    Anaerobic processes for the treatment of plastic materials waste represent versatile and effective approach in environmental protection and solid waste management. In this work, anaerobic biodegradability of model aliphatic polyesters, poly(L-lactic acid) (PLA), and poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL), in the form of powder and melt-pressed films with varying molar mass, was studied. Biogas production ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Golf and a Small Anaerobic Digester

    Golf course associations and golf clubs around the world are looking at ways to improve the sport’s environmental criteria.  Sustainable developments and low carbon footprint operations are the name of the game.  As golf courses use fertiliser for the courses, power for the maintenance machinery, and power for the golf carts, there are many areas where sustainability of the sport ...


    By SEaB Energy Ltd.

  • Advances in Thermophilic Anaerobic Digestion

    ABSTRACTSignificant advances have been made in the knowledge base and practical options for improving thermophilic anaerobic digestion over the past 10 to 15 years. Today, more options exist that promise to enhance the degree of stabilization achieved and finished product quality in new and retrofitted existing processes. In parallel, the body of knowledge regarding pathogen inactivation in these ...

  • Anaerobic digestion in the United Kingdom

    Anaerobic digestion (AD) has been used to treat sewage sludge by the United Kingdom’s (UK) water industry for over 100 years. More recent years have seen a revolution as AD has swiftly expanded into agricultural feedstocks and food waste. Data from the Waste Resource and Action Programme (WRAP) shows that in the past year alone, there has been a 46 percent growth in the size of the sector. ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Anaerobic Digestion—What Are the Economics?

    Although solid waste AD facilities are just starting to emerge, haulers and their customers may see some benefits if the development trend continues. A Pro Forma Model objective can be constructed for strategic planning of an anaerobic digestion facility. Anaerobic digestion (AD) of food wastes in the U.S. is a developing market that is poised for continued growth in many regions. ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • Software Download: Anaerobic Digestion Model No.1 (ADM1)

    The IWA Task Group for Mathematical Modelling of Anaerobic Digestion Processes was created with the aim to produce a generic model and common platform for dynamic simulations of a variety of anaerobic processes. The purpose of this approach is to provide a unified basis for anaerobic digestion modelling. It is hoped this will promote increased application of modelling and simulation as a tool for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Computer simulation of control strategies for optimal anaerobic digestion

    Three previously published control strategies for anaerobic digestion were implemented in Simulink/Matlab using Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 (ADM1) to model the biological process. The controllers’ performance were then simulated and evaluated based on their responses from five different types of process scenarios i.e. start-up and steady state performance as well as disturbances from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of sodium salt on anaerobic digestion of kitchen waste

    The effect of different sodium salt concentration on anaerobic digestion of kitchen waste was investigated. The methane production performance, the corresponding methane production model and sodium salt inhibition model were studied, and the degradation efficiency was analyzed. With the increase of sodium salt concentration, the methane yield and the maximal methane production rate decreased ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dairy shed wastewater treatment and modelling by anaerobic digestion technology

    There is a growing interest in the application of Anaerobic Digestion (AD) technology to Australian dairy farms not only for the reduction of environmental pollution caused by the effluents but also for recovering bioenergy. To be able to design and operate efficient AD systems, appropriate mathematical models need to be developed to observe and analyse the anaerobic process dynamics, such as the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A modified anaerobic digestion process with chemical sludge pre-treatment and its modelling

    Activated Sludge Models (ASMs) assume an unbiodegradable organic particulate fraction in the activated sludge, which is derived from the decay of active microorganisms in the sludge and/or introduced from wastewater. In this study, a seasonal change of such activated sludge constituents in a municipal wastewater treatment plant was monitored for 1.5 years. The chemical oxygen demand ratio of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling start-up performance of anaerobic digestion of saline-rich macro-algae

    Some of the key factors affecting the adaptation of anaerobic digestion processes to increasing levels of salinity were determined in batch tests using brown seaweed as a feedstock. It was found that cultures seeded with non-saline anaerobic inoculum required an adaptation period of up to two months to reach the same level of methane production rate as in those cultures seeded with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling of anaerobic digester biogas production: case study of a pilot project in Morocco

    An anaerobic digestion pilot system was implemented in June 2010 in the Moroccan village of Dayet Ifrah. The input material consists of toilet wastewater and cattle manure. Biogas is produced under anaerobic conditions. It is used for heating and cooking. This biogas system could be an useful sanitation technology due to its ability to treat wastewater. The biogas system was monitored over 86 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Model assisted startup of anaerobic digesters fed with thermally hydrolysed activated sludge

    This paper presents the use of the IWA ADM1 to predict and interpret results from two full-scale anaerobic digesters fed with thermal hyrolysate (waste activated sludge with a long upstream sludge age) from a Cambi hydrolysis process operating at 165°C and 6 bar-g. The first digester was fed conventionally—though intermittently, while the second was heavily diluted through a substantial component ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic digestion of wastewater from the fruit juice industry: experiments and modeling

    Anaerobic digestion of wastewater from the fruit juice industry was carried out in a batch digester. To study the effect of the pH values as well as the nutrient medium on the fermentation process, different parameters were monitored under mesophilic temperature, such as cumulative biogas volume, chemical oxygen demand (COD), total sugar, and biomass growth. It was found that for all cases, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling anaerobic digestion of municipal wastewater sludges: an elemental approach

    An experimental study that examined the elemental composition of waste activated sludge as it progressed through mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion was completed. It was found that the oxygen mass fraction of the VSS increased while the carbon content decreased as digestion progressed. Small differences were observed in the responses observed for mesophilic and thermophilic digestion ...

  • Modelling anaerobic digestion of concentrated black water and faecal matter in accumulation system

    A dynamic mathematical model based on anaerobic digestion model no. 1 (ADM1) was developed for accumulation (AC) system treating concentrated black water and faecal matter at different temperatures. The AC system was investigated for the treatment of waste(water) produced from the following systems: vacuum toilet for black water (VBW), vacuum toilet for faeces with urine separation (VF), dry ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Syntrophic acetate oxidation in two-phase (acid–methane) anaerobic digesters

    The microbial processes involved in two-phase anaerobic digestion were investigated by operating a laboratory-scale acid-phase (AP) reactor and analyzing two full-scale, two-phase anaerobic digesters operated under mesophilic (35 °C) conditions. The digesters received a blend of primary sludge and waste activated sludge (WAS). Methane levels of 20% in the laboratory-scale reactor indicated the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comprehensive review and compilation of pretreatments for mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion

    Organic matter hydrolysis prior to anaerobic digestion has been shown to improve biogas production (30–50%) and reduce solids (20–60%) by ultrasound, chemical, conventional heating, and microwave pretreatments. Numerous studies have been performed to determine the extent of digestion improvement but few focus on financial feasibility of these processes. A comprehensive model was created using ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alkaline treatment of high-solids sludge and its application to anaerobic digestion

    High-solids anaerobic digestion is a promising new process for sludge reduction and bioenergy recovery, requiring smaller digestion tanks and less energy for heating, but a longer digestion time, than traditional low-solids anaerobic digestion. To accelerate this process, alkaline sludge disintegration was tested as a pretreatment method for anaerobic digestion of high-solids sludge. The results ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of dried anaerobic digested sewage sludge as phenol biosorbent

    Untreated anaerobically digested sewage sludge was used for the first time as a biosorbent for removing phenol from aqueous solution. Results showed that adsorption capacity was influenced by the pH of the aqueous solution with an observed maximum phenol removal at pH around 6–8. The adsorption equilibrium of phenolic compounds was obtained after almost two hours with an adsorption of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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