anaerobic digestion sludge heating Articles

  • Steam injection heating of biosolids & sludge for Anaerobic Digestion

    The article focuses on the integration of Direct Steam Injection (DSI) heating as a method for heating of Municapal, Industrial, Food, & Agricultural wastewater streams. Common applications are anerobic digestion, biogas production, waste de-activation, and FOG (Fats-Oils-Grease) heating. Topics covered include how DSI works, how to select a DSI heater suitable for viscous & difficult to ...


    By ProSonix LLC

  • Anaerobic digestion in the United Kingdom

    Anaerobic digestion (AD) has been used to treat sewage sludge by the United Kingdom’s (UK) water industry for over 100 years. More recent years have seen a revolution as AD has swiftly expanded into agricultural feedstocks and food waste. Data from the Waste Resource and Action Programme (WRAP) shows that in the past year alone, there has been a 46 percent growth in the size of the sector. ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • The effect of mixing conditions on anaerobic digester performance

    The basic principle of aerobic wastewater treatment is the conversion of some parts of organic matters to biomass and this causes production of excessive sludge in aerobic processes. This excessive sludge is withdrawn from time to time to prevent accumulation of biomass in aeration basin. In most cases, this sludge requires the stabilization before the dewatering and disposal. Different processes ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Combined Experiences of Thermal Hydrolysis and Anaerobic Digestion

    Historical Perspective of Thermal Hydrolysis First experiments in US 1976 – Haug et al Thermal pre-treatment prior to anaerobic digestion may result in net energy production from the system because of increased biodegradability and reduced digester heating requirements. Recycling of liquid side streams from thermally pre-treated digested sludge should not significantly ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Latest Progress in Anaerobic Digestion

    Compared to countries like Germany and Denmark, the United States and Canada have a long way to go in creating the fundamental policy incentives and regulatory mandates that will encourage market development for anaerobic digestion (AD). Someone recently asked me how many years it would take to deploy AD systems on farms in North America that are large enough to economically use them. Given ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • New processes for the improvement of sludge digestion and sludge dewatering

    INTRODUCTIONThe examination of numerous sewage sludges from municipal wastewater treatment plants leads to the conclusion that on the one hand dewaterability of these sludges worsens and that on the other hand dewaterability of sludges becomes more and more important due to increasing disposal costs. Especially wastewater treatment plants with inflows from the food processing industry often face ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Performance of Continuous Flow Anaerobic Sludge Digesters after Microwave Pretreatment

    Effects of microwave (MW) pretreatment on waste activated sludge (WAS) in mesophilic semicontinuous (SC) anaerobic digesters with acclimatized inoculum at sludge retention times (SRTs) of 5, 10 and 20 d are presented. Preliminary batch digesters were also studied in order determine the optimum MW temperature (T), MW intensity (I), WAS concentration (C) and volume percentage of WAS pretreated (PT) ...

  • Alkaline treatment of high-solids sludge and its application to anaerobic digestion

    High-solids anaerobic digestion is a promising new process for sludge reduction and bioenergy recovery, requiring smaller digestion tanks and less energy for heating, but a longer digestion time, than traditional low-solids anaerobic digestion. To accelerate this process, alkaline sludge disintegration was tested as a pretreatment method for anaerobic digestion of high-solids sludge. The results ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Analysis of methane emissions from digested sludge

    The energetic use of sewage sludge is an important step in the generation of electricity and heat within a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). For a holistic approach, methane emissions derived from anaerobic treatment have to be considered. Measurements show that methane dissolved in digested sludge can be analyzed via the vacuum salting out degassing method. At different WWTPs, dissolved ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of inorganics from sludge and digestate: the BiAR process

    This conference contribution will present a novel technology for renewable ash-free fuel production from low-value ash-containing feedstocks such as sludge digestate, wood bark or rice husks that cannot be utilized directly as a heating fuel, because of the high (low melting point) ash content. Biomass Ash Removal (BiAR) process introduces the low-temperature solvolysis in cheap solvents to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low energy mixing to optimize anaerobic digestion at the Kitchener WWTP

    The existing Kitchener Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) is a conventional secondary treatment facility, with a rated capacity of 122,745 mVd. The plant is comprised of two separate secondary treatment plants (Plant 1 and Plant 2) served by a common headworks facilities and primary clarifier facilities. Plant 1 was constructed in the early 1960s and Plant 2 was constructed in the mid-1970s. Both ...

  • Autogenerative high pressure digestion: anaerobic digestion and biogas upgrading in a single step reactor system

    Conventional anaerobic digestion is a widely applied technology to produce biogas from organic wastes and residues. The biogas calorific value depends on the CH4 content which generally ranges between 55 and 65%. Biogas upgrading to so-called ‘green gas’, with natural gas quality, generally proceeds with add-on technologies, applicable only for biogas flows >100 m3/h. In the concept of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low temperature microwave and conventional heating pre-treatments to improve sludge anaerobic biodegradability

    This paper presents the results of lab-scale experiments on low temperature thermal pre-treatment (less than 100 °C) prior to anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge. Two heating ways, microwave heating (MH) and conventional heating (CH), and two types of sludge, primary and waste activated sludge, were compared under the same experimental conditions. The degree of solubilisation produced by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Two-phase anaerobic digestion for class a biosolids at moccasin bend WWTP

    The Moccasin Bend Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) provides treatment for the City of Chattanooga, Tennessee and the surrounding region. The City has completed upgrades to the solids handling facilities to treat and dewater the primary solids and waste activated sludge (WAS) from the WWTP. This paper summarizes the process to handle the primary solids and the start-up process. Primary solids ...

  • Combined experiences of thermal hydrolysis and anaerobic digestion – latest thinking on thermal hydrolysis of secondary sludge only for optimum dewatering and digestion.

    ABSTRACT The basic principles of batch thermal hydrolysis process (THP) are well known as a pre-treatment to anaerobic digestion (AD) . Early work done in the 70s in the USA and the 80s in Japan demonstrated the optimum time and temperature for thermal hydrolysis being 340 F for 30minutes. These principles have been put into full practice in 20 plants around the world at plants ranging from 5 ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Anaerobic Digester Mixing Modifications Ease Rising Natural Gas Prices

    By modifying the process used to thicken incoming raw and waste activated sludge to the City of Massillon’s anaerobic digesters and through the establishment of proper mixing and heating of the digester contents, the City has benefited by reducing their natural gas consumption for which the average cost of natural gas has increased 275 percent from 2003 to 2006. These modifications have resulted ...

  • Thick sludge digestion - research design and validation of key process unit operations

    ABSTRACTAdvances in the design of anaerobic digesters have seen a trend towards digestion of thicker sludges in the US, UK and elsewhere. This includes a number of new facilities using bolt on technologies to mesophilic anaerobic digestion such as Cambi Thermal Hydrolysis, Prepasteurisation and Biological Hydrolysis. Cambi Thermal hydrolysis utilises thickenedsludge and the digestion process is ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Fate of organic matter during moderate heat treatment of sludge: kinetics of biopolymer and hydrolytic activity release and impact on sludge reduction by anaerobic digestion

    Temperature-phased anaerobic digestion with a 50–70 °C pre-treatment is widely proposed for sludge. Here, such a sludge pre-treatment (65 °C) was studied against the physical, enzymatic and biodegradation processes. The soluble and particulate fractions were analysed in terms of biochemical composition and hydrolytic enzymatic activities. Two kinetics of organic matter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhancement of anaerobic biohydrogen/methane production from cellulose using heat-treated activated sludge

    Anaerobic digestion is an effective technology to convert cellulosic wastes to methane and hydrogen. Heat-treatment is a well known method to inhibit hydrogen-consuming bacteria in using anaerobic mixed cultures for seeding. This study aims to investigate the effects of heat-treatment temperature and time on activated sludge for fermentative hydrogen production from α-cellulose by response ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Digester gas - case study

    BV Dairy, of Dorset, is aiming to cut its carbon footprint by more than 65% as a pioneer of liquid Anaerobic Digestion (AD) technology BV Dairy, Shaftsbury, Dorset Established in 1958, BV Dairy processes around 35 million litres of milk per year, sourced from 35 farms located near its site. The product range includes fresh and cultured dairy products for sale to the UK’s ...


    By ENER-G

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