anaerobic microbial monitoring Articles

  • Comparison of microbial activity in anaerobic and microaerobic digesters

    Microaerobic alternative of anaerobic digestion offers many advantages especially when sulfide concentration in the digester is high. For better understanding of the microaerobic technology more detailed characterization of biomass activity is needed. Two equal digesters were operated under the same condition except of microaeration in one of them. During long term operation of anaerobic and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • ABS Innate Microbial Enhancer

    Anaerobic digestion facilities is recognized by the United Nations Development Program as one of the most useful decentralized sources of energy supply, as they are less capital intensive than large power-plants. The technical expertise required to maintain anaerobic digesters coupled with high equipment cost lower process efficiencies have so far limited the level of its industrial application ...

  • On-line monitoring of active biomass concentration in wastewater treatment plant using a potentiometric microbial biosensor

    A conductometric method was developed for the quantification of microbial biomass, required for monitoring the operational condition of wastewater treatment plant. The conductometric microbial biomass measurement has been shown to be reproducible with respect to the data obtained over a ...

  • Anaerobic treatment of crude glycerol from biodiesel production

    In this study, we evaluated the use of an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor to treat crude glycerol obtained from cottonseed biodiesel production. The laboratory-scale UASB reactor (7.0 L) was operated at ambient temperature of 26.5°C with chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentrations between 0.5 and 8.0 g/L. The volatile fatty acid contents, pH, inorganic salt contents and biogas ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In-Situ Anaerobic Remediation of Perchlorate-Impacted Soils

    AbstractARCADIS is currently leading the development, evaluation, and selection of a final groundwater remedy for a 94-acre manufacturing facility in the western U.S. This facility has produced small explosives and vehicular safety products since 1957. As a result of historic operations, soil and groundwater at the site have been impacted by perchlorate. To date, remediation efforts have been ...


    By Arcadis

  • The Microbiology and Biochemistry of Anaerobic Bioreactors with Relevance to Domestic Sewage Treatment

    Anaerobic granular and fixed-film reactors have been successfully operated for wastewater treatment at full scale for over two decades and represent a sustainable, energy-producing approach, which is increasingly being directed towards treatment of domestic sewage. Research over the past two decades, and significant operational experience, has demonstrated that there are no fundamental ...


    By Springer

  • Aerobic and Anaerobic Bioremediation of 1,1-DCE and Vinyl Chloride in Groundwater

    Untitled Document A three-tiered remediation approach is being used for successful field treatment of a 1,1- dichloroethene (1,1-DCE) groundwater plume. The plume is characterized by ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Evaluation of WAS reduction efficiency using kinetic parameters in pilot-scale SBR operated with anaerobic sludge holding tank

    By evaluating microbial kinetic parameters of a pilot sludge blanket reactor (SBR) plant operated with an anaerobic sludge holding tank (SHT), it was found that the sludge production was reduced by 63.5%. According to the theory of uncoupling metabolism, the microorganisms were induced to the initial stage of the endogenous phase in SHT, which resulted in the reduction of yield ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring and evaluation of removal of pathogens at municipal wastewater treatment plants

    The concentrations and removal of Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and microbial indicators, including somatic coliphages and fecal coliforms were investigated through the wastewater treatment processes at three municipal wastewater treatment plants in Beijing, China. The experimental results showed that the concentrations of Cryptosporidium in untreated wastewater, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Differential Stimulation of Haloreduction by Carbon Addition to Subsurface Soils (PDF)

    Highly substituted ethenes such as PCE and TCE are susceptible to microbial reductive dehalogenation and halorespiration under anaerobic conditions. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether soil from a bulk aerobic aquifer, historically contaminated with chlorinated ethenes (CEs), could be made anaerobic by carbon source addition to enhance haloreduction, and to evaluate how the ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Reduction of TTHM and endocrine disrupting compounds in municipal wastewater

    The US Geological Service and Environmental Protection Agency have been monitoring the increasing levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in freshwater streams, aquifers, and off-shore coastal waters for the past decade, with the primary identified chemicals being residuals from pharmaceuticals, and petroleum-based fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides (Pyrines and Pyroids). This ...


  • Treatment of Perchlorate and 1,1,1-Trichloroethane in Groundwater using Edible Oil Substrate (EOS®)

    ABSTRACT: Laboratory studies and a pilot-scale field test are being conducted to evaluate the use of edible oil emulsions for biodegradation of perchlorate and 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1,1,1-TCA) in groundwater at a site in Maryland. The patented Edible Oil Substrate (EOS®) process is a cost-effective approach for stimulating in situ anaerobic biodegradation with little or no operation and ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Bioremediation/natural attenuation continues after ISCO treatment

    Scientists and engineers from the private sector and EPA are evaluating the potential for in situ bioremediation and/or natural attenuation to successfully treat residual soil and ground-water contamination after source-area in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) treatment. The studies were prompted by concerns that the two treatment technologies may be incompatible due to detrimental impacts on ...

  • Compost stability: a comparative evaluation of respirometric techniques

    The new Paradigm in waste management promotes attitudes and processes that conserve resources and reduce pollution. Under this philosophy, organic waste is increasingly recognised as a recyclable material, a useful resource, making composting one of the key elements of modern waste management. As the composting industry is expanding rapidly there is a growing need for a simple, fast, relatively ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Nitrogen removal and functional bacteria distribution of ANAMMOX at ambient temperature

    In this study, an up-flow anaerobic biofilter (AF) was operated to investigate the efficiency of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) in treating low strength ammonia (46.5 mg/L) at ambient temperatures (20.3–23.2 °C). Microbial compositions and functional populations of the upper (140–190 cm), middle (40–140 cm), and lower (0–40 cm) parts of the biofilter were monitored using scanning ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater contamination of 1,1,1-TCA, PCE - Manufacturing facility

    LOCATION:  Glen Cove, New YorkPROJECT DATE:  September 2000 to presentCLIENT:  Confidential BACKGROUND: Groundwater in a sand and gravel aquifer beneath this active manufacturing facility was contaminated with 1,1,1-TCA (concentrations up to 480 mg/L), PCE, and their degradation products. The site owner, faced with a long term (in excess of 100 years) and expensive pump and treat ...


    By Terra Systems, Inc. (TSI)

  • A Pilot Study Using HRCTM to Enhance Bioremediation of CAHs.

    ABSTRACT: The effect of Hydrogen Release Compound (HRCTM) in enhancing the anaerobic bioremediation of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) was observed in a single well pilot study. HRC is a proprietary, environmentally safe, food quality, polylactate ester formulated for the slow release of lactic acid upon hydration. Microbes metabolize the lactic acid releases by HRC and produce ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Successful Biostimulation Treatment of TCE DNAPL

    The challenges posed by the presence of DNAPL are rooted in the unpredictable manner in which it spreads and moves through the subsurface, and the fraction of total contaminant mass it represents in an associated groundwater plume via sorbed, residual and drainable phases (typically greater than 99 percent). Under natural conditions, the dissolution of DNAPL is very slow, allowing groundwater ...


    By Arcadis

  • Latest analytical technology ensures biogas efficiency

    Anaerobic Digestion (AD) relies on the ability of specific micro-organisms to convert organic material into a gas that can be used to generate electricity. However, these bacteria require specific conditions if they are to function effectively and instrumentation specialist company HACH LANGE has developed a range of online, portable and laboratory instruments that have enabled a large number of ...


  • UV disinfection for enhanced oil recovery and other oilfield applications

    One of the biggest challenges facing oil companies today is how to extract more oil from the discoveries made in the last 40 years. Estimates vary, but approximately 66% of the discovered oil gets left in the ground. The International Energy Agency has estimated that if, in the next 20 years, this figure could be reduced to 50%, then this would increase the world's recoverable oil by 1.2 trillion ...


    By atg UV Technology

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