anaerobic respirometer Articles

  • Use of anaerobic respirometers for measuring gas production in toxicity and treatability tests

    Introduction Anaerobic processes are used widely for stabilizing domestic sludges, treating industrial wastes, and converting biomass to methane. These processes frequently receive complex organic chemicals that are classified as being hazardous or toxic. Despite advances in our understanding of anaerobic reactions, there is limited information regarding the impact of toxic chemicals on the ...

    By Challenge Technology

  • Anaerobic Biomass Activity Tests

    Anaerobic Biomass Activity Tests The methane production activity of anaerobic sludges is related to the history of the sludge, the biomass yield from the wastewater the sludge has been treating, the fraction of methanogens, and the presence of toxic substances. Best performance can be achieved from an anaerobic treatment plant if the operator measures the Specific Methanogenic Production (SMP) ...

    By Challenge Technology

  • Anaerobic BMP and ATA Tests

    Anaerobic BMP and ATA Tests Biochemical Methane Potential (BMP) tests involve addition of test chemicals or wastewater samples of concern to an anaerobic culture that is contained within a sealed vessel. Methane or total gas production are measured over periods ranging from 1 to 60 days without addition of new chemical or wastewater sample. Modern BMP tests usually involve multiple additions of ...

    By Challenge Technology

  • The Challenge AER-200 Respirqmeter System for anaerobic applications

    The CHALLENGE AER-200 Respirometer System consists of one or more biological reaction vessels, gas flow measuring cells, and a computer. The gas measuring base contains eight flow cells and associated interconnecting circuitry. As gas flows through each cell under the influence of a slight pressure caused by gas production in the reaction vessel, bubbles of a fixed volume are formed in the lower ...

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  • Toxicity Assessment Using a Dilution Series

    Toxicity, or more appropriately, inhibition, is a measure of the interference of a compound or compounds with biodegradation. Since inhibition usually is expressed as the interference with bioconversion of an oxygen-consuming reaction – or gas producing reaction in the case of anoxic or anaerobic reactions – it is essential that a biodegradable substrate be present when assessing toxicity of ...

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  • Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples

    Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples Biodegradation tests usually involve comparison of the oxygen uptake of a test sample – or gas production for anoxic or anaerobic tests – to that for a readily biodegradable control substrate (usually acetic acid, ethanol, or aniline). While biodegradation characteristics can vary among chemical types and wastewater sources, typical patterns are shown ...

    By Challenge Technology

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