analytical chemistry Articles

  • The productive environmental laboratory: BSK Labs boosts efficiency with Metrohm IC

    BSK Labs runs a number of environmental laboratories and service centers along the west coast of the US. A total of 70 employees – including microbiologists, chemists, lab technicians, and support staff – make sure that the 200 to 350 samples that come in every week are analyzed. BSK Labs specializes in potable water chemistry, ground water monitoring, storm water runoff, solid waste ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • Integrated assessment of runoff from livestock farming operations: Analytical chemistry, in vitro bioassays, and in vivo fish exposures

    Animal waste from livestock farming operations (LFOs) can contain varying levels of natural and synthetic androgens and/or estrogens, which can contaminate surrounding waterways. In the present study, surface stream water was collected from six basins containing LFOs. Aqueous concentrations of 12 hormones were determined via chemical analyses. Relative androgenic and estrogenic activity was ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Solutions - Covering analytical methods and practices

    A smarter way to take a temperature A Northern California lab automates data- gathering and hands the tracking responsibility over to a computer François Rodigari and Kenneth E. Osborn One of many things that environmental laboratories must do is to track and document the temperatures of the laboratory's incubators and refrigerators. This means that the thermometers used to ...


    By Horizon Technology, Inc.

  • Building analytical competence for geoscience students through use of Raman spectroscopy

    Introduction: Traditionally, a geologist's analytical toolkit consisted of a hand lens, rock hammer, acid bottle, magnet, and perhaps a polarizing light microscope back in the laboratory. In geoscience professions, these tools are increasingly being supplemented by field and laboratory instrumentation that utilizes spectroscopy. The availability of newly-developed, lower-priced ...


    By B&W Tek

  • Method Scaling in Preparative HPLC: Analytical Method & Preparative Method

    VOC:  “I tried to scale up my analytical HPLC method to prep and it didn’t work.” Andy:  This is one of the most common things we hear from chemists wanting to do preparative chromatography. We also hear the following question pretty often too: VOC:  “I have a good analytical HPLC method, how do I scale it to ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Associations between perfluoroalkyl compounds and immune and clinical chemistry parameters in highly exposed bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)

    Perfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs) are ubiquitous, persistent chemical contaminants found in the environment, wildlife, and humans. Despite the widespread occurrence of PFCs, little is known about the impact these contaminants have on the health of wildlife populations. We investigated the relationship between PFCs (including Σperfluorocarboxylates, Σperfluoroalkyl sulfonates, perfluorooctane ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • A voyage on the seven c`s - phase II common cause correction of a condenser`s conduct & condensate chemistry

    Abstract Experiences in power plant chemistry has moved beyond understanding chemical reactions, controlling reaction rate or preventing reactions from occurring. Today, emphasis is placed on root cause analysis that demands a holistic approach employing multidisciplinary problem solving methods. This may be accomplished through a team effort or the chemist becoming more aware of ...


    By Intek, Inc.

  • News on Food 2013, Volume 1: Food Safety and Food Chemistry of Fat Matrices

    Analytical testing is used in the production of worldwide food supply from raw materials and ingredients, to finished and packaged goods. This testing primarily serves two purposes: to determine nutritional value and quality, and to guarantee safety. Sigma-Aldrich®, through its Supelco® and Fluka® brands, is very active in product development for food and beverage analysis. ...


    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC

  • Integrated Environmental Site Characterization and Analysis: EQuIS in the Military (PDF)

    The seamless integration of subsurface environmental geology and analytical chemistry data with the latest tools and technology for data management and analysis make site characterization and investigation more efficient than ever before. EarthSoft’s Environmental Quality Information System—EQuIS—has been chosen by many military agencies and organizations for the management of analytical ...


    By EarthSoft, Inc

  • Research experiences in microwave-assisted chemical oxygen demand determination

    The conventional COD determination through reflux method, although still much in experimental practice for water and wastewater analysis, is time consuming, complex and prone to a number of errors. A simpler, more rapid, environmentally benign but still precise method would hence be more attractive and is, in point of fact, a pressing need. Contextualised within the concept of Green Chemistry, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Differentiating Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB’s) by GC / FID / ECD

    The analytical chemistry of PCB’s is rigorous, demanding the highest quality in sample preparation and analytical technique. Insufficient sample extraction and inappropriate methods of sample clean-up are the most common sources of error in PCB analysis, which causes significant interference in the chromatography. However, even in relatively clean samples the problem remains to confidently ...


    By Buck Scientific Inc

  • EDXRF Analysis of Lead, Cadmium, Silver, Copper in Lead-Free Solder Materials

    X-ray fluorescence analysis can be used to quickly and easily analyze samples in solid, powder, and liquid states nondestructively, and is therefore widely used as a screening technique for compliance with the RoHS/ELV directives. A large amount of lead-free solder is used for surface-mount circuit boards. Here we evaluated the sensitivity of analysis of Pb, Cd, Ag, and Cu in lead-free solder ...

  • Chemical Pollutants in Water Emerge

    Recent advances in contaminant identification methodologies, sampling instrumentation, and analytical chemistry have caused an explosion of knowledge about the presence of previously undetected organic micropollutants. While it doesn’t follow that the mere presence of chemical contaminants results in harm, public health experts, regulators, and others aren’t sitting idly ...


    By Acta Group

  • Characterization of Polymer Carbon Sieves, Graphitized Polymer Carbons and Graphitized Carbon Blacks for Sample Preparation Applications

    The use of carbons in sample preparation techniques such as solid phase extraction (SPE) and air sampling has been ongoing for several decades. Recent advancements in sample preparation techniques have led to the use of carbons in micro-SPE (i.e., pipette tips packed with particles), solid phase microextraction (SPME) techniques and carbon coatings for both gas and liquid sample preparation ...


    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC

  • Introduction to Environmental Testing in the USA

    Environmental laboratories practice “applied analytical chemistry” by analyzing samples using a list of potential contaminants to determine how much, if any, of the contaminant is present. These contaminants, the methods used to analyze for them, and the maximum amount of contaminant allowed in the sample are defined by regulation. This paper provides an overview of ...

  • pH measurement: Six technical tips

    The pH value is one of the most important and therefore also one of the most frequently measured quantities in analytical chemistry. Sometimes, a simple pH test strip is sufficient for making a rapid check; precise pH meters are, however, required whenever accurate measuring results are needed. Such a pH meter is available in nearly every laboratory and is generally ready for use at a moment's ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • Membrane chemical cleaning: from art to science

    Membrane chemical cleaning is an integral part of operation for micro- and ultrafiltration systems in the water industry and has significant impact on process operations. However, this issue has not been adequately addressed primarily for two reasons: 1) cleaning protocols are typically recommended from membrane manufacturers and some cleaners are proprietary; 2) the issues of membrane fouling ...


    By Pall Corporation

  • The Spectrex particle counter used in study of pharmaceutical glass delamination.

    Delamination, or the generation of glass flakes in vials used to contain parenteral drug products, continues to be a persistent problem in the pharmaceutical industry. To understand all of the factors that might contribute to delamination, a statistical design of experiments was implemented to describe this loss of chemical integrity for glass vials. Phase I of this study focused on the effects ...


    By Spectrex Corporation

  • Light Industrial Laundry

    A smaller laundry treating 30,000 gallons/day of wastewater was using conventional chemistry with sulfuric acid to drop the pH to 7.5, addition of a coagulant, and a flocculent. The facility has been under pressure from the POTW to reduce the electroconductivity (EC) levels. Past analytical data has shown that the EC levels have averaged 2,100 μohms/cm from the addition of the laundry ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

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