anemometer Articles

  • Comparisons of models with data: effects of averaging time as indicated by sonic anemometer measurements

    For continuous sources, plots of predicted against observed gas concentrations often display considerable scatter. These differences are apparent even when the averaging times for the models and data match. Possible sources of error in the observations are shifts in direction of the mean wind or disturbance by intermediate- and large-scale eddies. Errors in predictions may arise from the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Technology white paper: immersible thermal dispersion

    Thermal dispersion mass flowmeters comprise a family of instruments for the measurement of the total mass flow rate of a fluid, primarily gases, flowing through closed conduits. The operation of thermal dispersion mass flowmeters is attributed to L.V. King who, in 1914 (Ref. 1). published his famous King's Law revealing how a heated wire immersed in a fluid flow measures the mass velocity at a ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • A standard for users and manufacturers of thermal dispersion mass flow meters

    Thermal dispersion mass flowmeters comprise a family of instruments for the measurement of the total mass flow rate of a fluid, primarily gases, flowing through closed conduits. The operation of thermal dispersion mass flowmeters is attributed to L.V. King who. in 1914 (Ref. 1). published his famous King's Law revealing how a heated wire immersed in a fluid flow measures the mass velocity at a ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Intrinsically safe ultrasonic wind sensor

    The Gill Instruments Intrinsically Safe WindObserver™ is an ultrasonic wind sensor, developed specifically for use in hazardous areas and in particular for offshore applications. The sensor has no moving parts, utilising Gill Instruments’ advanced ultrasonic measurement technology to accurately monitor wind speed and direction. Approved to EEx ia IIC T5, this ultrasonic wind sensor is a ...


    By Gill Instruments Limited

  • A preliminary analysis of measurements from a near-field pollutants dispersion campaign in a stratified surface layer

    In order to study pollutants dispersion in a stably stratified surface layer at small scales, a pollutants dispersion field experiment programme is being conducted on the site SIRTA in the southern suburb of Paris. In a preliminary campaign held during the winter of 2012 with continuous gas releases, we had 12 ultrasonic anemometers measuring wind velocity and temperature at 10 Hz, and six ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Do you need to measure air flow?

    Look no further. This hot wire thermo-anemometer is ideal for low air velocity, volume, and temperature measurement. If your desired application involves ventilation surveying, the maintenance of air conditioning systems, or environmental monitoring, this product will meet your requirements and more. Record your measurements on a slim plug-in telescopic probe and download the data ...


    By ATP Instrumentation Ltd

  • Frosty wind sensors

    Getting field time for the wind sensors has been a priority from the beginning of the design effort. The following images are a collection of how they fare in some of the cold and snowy conditions. The first image shows several design variants. The red one was the first design. Drip edges were introduced in the next iteration. The vane fin and anemometer cups were initially 3D printed. ...


    By Dyacon, Inc.

  • Momentum Flux: Gross, Scalar, Alongwind, or Net?

    Modern micrometeorology is an amalgam of two traditions: one arises from field measurements in the open atmosphere and another from wind tunnel experiments. Early micrometeorological field work, and even relatively recent studies (viz. the von Karman constant experiments by Frenzen and Vogel, 1995), were done with precision cup anemometers, which can only provide a scalar speed measurement. Most ...

  • Verification of wind energy related measurements with a SODAR system

    Abstract Complex terrain and growing wind energy converters (WEC) in wind parks generate increasing interest in determining wind profiles and turbulence besides the general forecast of annual energy production. Increasing hub heights and growing rotor diameters of advanced WEC make SODAR systems a valuable alternative to meteorological towers. SODAR systems provide wind profiles as well as ...

  • Effects of spatial filtering, prefiltering, and aliasing in measurements from applied technologies` Sonic K-Probe

    The Applied Technologies' Inc. (ATI) K-probe measures wind components along three mutually orthogonal axes separated spatially from each other to minimize flow distortion errors. The sonic anemometer samples the wind at a 100-Hz rate but constructs 0.1-s (10-point) non-overlapping block averages to provide. a 10-Hz data train for internal processing. This digital prefiltering is designed to ...

  • Consequences of oversampling

    Oversampling is generally perceived as an inefficient practice because of the redundancy it creates in the data, but rarely is it considered detrimental. The resulting increase in bandwidth seldom if ever, provides new information, as the signal is often badly attenuated and not very useful above a certain frequency. The decision to oversample is often based on the assumption that no undue harm ...

  • Advanced thermal dispersion mass flowmeters

    Thermal dispersion (TD) mass flowmeters measure the mass flowrate of fluids (primarily gases) flowing through a closed conduit, such as a pipe. This article describes the operation and installation of TD mass flowmeters, and gives the reader information about what applications these meters are most suited for. Background The first general description of TD mass flowmeters is ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Case Study Port of Hamburg/Germany

    LOG_aLevel Storm Tide Network at the Port of Hamburg, Germany Since 2003 a Storm Tide Network from General Acoustics GmbH (GA) has been satisfactory operating at the Port of Hamburg. In a first test phase of two years a LOG_aLevel station was successfully tested by the Hamburg Port Authority (HPA) against its conventional gauges. Due to the good results in terms of accuracy and ...


    By General Acoustics e.K.

  • Why Does the Non-Orthogonal Sonic Anemometer Underestimate

    The performance of non-orthogonal sonic anemometers has been the subject of much discussion in recent years.  It followed findings that they underestimated vertical winds and vertical heat fluxes by 10-15%.  For agricultural and forestry scientists who depended on them for their large-scale energy balance studies this was a bad surprise.  They had collected turbulence data from ...

  • Canarina DISPER Software · air quality dispersion model · algorithms 3

      Canarina DISPER Software · air quality dispersion model   Symbol / Definition Ly= Initial plume length for Schulman-Scire downwash sources with enhanced lateral plume spread (m) Lb= Lesser of ...

  • A study of radiation shield effectiveness

    A brief comparison of temperature readings in two passively-ventilated and three fan-aspirated radiation shields under conditions of low wind and relatively high insolation is presented. From each of two periods of study, two days were chosen for conditions of high insolation and low wind to illustrate a reasonable sample of the performance of the shields. A single sample of each shield was used ...


    By Davis Instruments Corp.

  • Luminant Oak Grove Power Station - Case Study

    Powering Texas Luminant, a subsidiary of Energy Future Holdings Corp. (EFH) -which owns competitive and regulated energy subsidiaries in Texas -is the largest electricity generator in Texas. Unit two of the Oak Grove Power plant near Franklin in Robertson County, TX went online in the middle of 2010. Fluor, the project’s EPC company, completed the plant in 35 months and used ...

  • 3D Printed Anemometer (Wind Speed Sensor)

    Build Your Own Anemometer? Good anemometers can be expensive. Numerous do-it-yourself versions can be found on the Internet and are made with various components from paper cups to PVC pipe fittings. There are even some 3D printed designs that emulate molded or machined anemometers, but are typically very fragile. The electronics for do-it-yourself weather instrument are often ...


    By Dyacon, Inc.

  • Weather Data for Noise Monitoring

    “Weather conditions are the single largest variable factor in how sound travels over large distances,” says Steve Bilawchuk principal partner and engineer at ACI Acoustical Consultants Inc. “Wind speed and wind direction are of crucial importance.” ACI is an acoustical engineering consulting company based in Alberta, Canada, which uses ...

  • Advances in Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meters - Part 2 Installation and Flow Calibration

    Abstract Part 1 of this two-part series describes the principle of operation of a new microprocessor-based thermal dispersion mass flow meter that uses four temperature sensing elements in its flow sensor and has a dry velocity sensor. Part 1 shows how this unique system provides automatic management of changes in gas selection, gas temperature, gas pressure, and outside temperature. This ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you