anemometer cup Articles

  • Verification of wind energy related measurements with a SODAR system

    Abstract Complex terrain and growing wind energy converters (WEC) in wind parks generate increasing interest in determining wind profiles and turbulence besides the general forecast of annual energy production. Increasing hub heights and growing rotor diameters of advanced WEC make SODAR systems a valuable alternative to meteorological towers. SODAR systems provide wind profiles as well as ...

  • Canarina DISPER software · anaerobic digestion · commands 28

    The necessary data in the Meteorology command is:   Pasquill stability): Classification scheme that describes the degree of atmospheric turbulence. Categories range from extremely unstable (A=1) to extremely stable (F=6). Unstable conditions ...

  • Basic tests for checking validity of field data

    The following guidelines are suggested for verifying micrometeorological data gathered in field experiments. It is assumed, for simplicity, that the observations being tested are made over open, relatively flat and uniform terrain, with small roughness elements. It is also assumed that the sensors and the data acquisition and recording hardware are basically sound and that the purpose of the ...

  • What are the advantages of ultrasonic wind sensors?

    Whether mechanical, ultrasonic or laser wind measurements: All measuring methods have technical limits. While for mechanical wind sensors the measuring element – cups and vanes – itself predominantly produces a disturbance in the flow field, for ultrasonic anemometers a disturbance can be caused by the sensor holder or housing construction. Only optical methods, e.g. LDA (Laser ...

  • Intrinsically safe ultrasonic wind sensor

    The Gill Instruments Intrinsically Safe WindObserver™ is an ultrasonic wind sensor, developed specifically for use in hazardous areas and in particular for offshore applications. The sensor has no moving parts, utilising Gill Instruments’ advanced ultrasonic measurement technology to accurately monitor wind speed and direction. Approved to EEx ia IIC T5, this ultrasonic wind sensor is a ...


    By Gill Instruments Limited

  • Momentum Flux: Gross, Scalar, Alongwind, or Net?

    Modern micrometeorology is an amalgam of two traditions: one arises from field measurements in the open atmosphere and another from wind tunnel experiments. Early micrometeorological field work, and even relatively recent studies (viz. the von Karman constant experiments by Frenzen and Vogel, 1995), were done with precision cup anemometers, which can only provide a scalar speed measurement. Most ...

  • Future inside – smart environmental sensing technology

    SHM30 snow depth sensor in Antarctica (photo: Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum Bremerhaven) A lot of sensing technologies have changed recently: Ultrasonic wind measurement replaces cups and vane systems, closed anemometer designs offer better protection from ...

  • Lufft weather sensors are used where others failed

    The ski lift in Visperterminen Rothorli leads from the village through pinewoods to the 2300m high winter sports region. On August 15, 2018 a Lufft WS600 weather station was installed and put into operation. Its main task is to provide the lift staff and piste team with climate data in winter. The data ...

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