anemometer measurement Articles

  • High-resolution wind-tunnel datasets from the University of Hamburg: validation of street canyon dispersion models

    Air quality is one of the major environmental concerns in cities as it has a direct impact on human health. One of the biggest sources of air pollution is urban traffic. To predict air quality in urban areas, significant effort and considerable funding has been, and is being, spent in developing numerical models for urban dispersion and in obtaining experimental datasets. So far, less effort has ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A preliminary analysis of measurements from a near-field pollutants dispersion campaign in a stratified surface layer

    In order to study pollutants dispersion in a stably stratified surface layer at small scales, a pollutants dispersion field experiment programme is being conducted on the site SIRTA in the southern suburb of Paris. In a preliminary campaign held during the winter of 2012 with continuous gas releases, we had 12 ultrasonic anemometers measuring wind velocity and temperature at 10 Hz, and six ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Do you need to measure air flow?

    Look no further. This hot wire thermo-anemometer is ideal for low air velocity, volume, and temperature measurement. If your desired application involves ventilation surveying, the maintenance of air conditioning systems, or environmental monitoring, this product will meet your requirements and more. Record your measurements on a slim plug-in telescopic probe and download the data ...


    By ATP Instrumentation Ltd

  • Comparisons of models with data: effects of averaging time as indicated by sonic anemometer measurements

    For continuous sources, plots of predicted against observed gas concentrations often display considerable scatter. These differences are apparent even when the averaging times for the models and data match. Possible sources of error in the observations are shifts in direction of the mean wind or disturbance by intermediate- and large-scale eddies. Errors in predictions may arise from the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Some thoughts on in-situ flux measurement in the atmospheric surface layer

    Due to its complexity, the state of a turbulent atmosphere can only be described using statistical quantities such as means, variances, and covariances. Computation of these statistical quantities, particularly those of higher order, must be done with considerable care. This is particularly true if the statistics are used to depict heat and momentum fluxes. This note contains considerations that ...

  • Fluoride Emission from Anode Butts in a Cooling Tunnel

    Abstract Nordic Aluminium has been trying out a cooling tunnel for hot anode butts in order to lower the fluoride content of the working environment. The cooling tunnel is connected to the Fume Treatment Plant so that it has forced suction from it. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the tunnel in removing HF emissions and make suggestions on how to make the tunnel ...


    By Boreal Laser Inc.

  • Case Study Port of Hamburg/Germany

    LOG_aLevel Storm Tide Network at the Port of Hamburg, Germany Since 2003 a Storm Tide Network from General Acoustics GmbH (GA) has been satisfactory operating at the Port of Hamburg. In a first test phase of two years a LOG_aLevel station was successfully tested by the Hamburg Port Authority (HPA) against its conventional gauges. Due to the good results in terms of accuracy and ...


    By General Acoustics e.K.

  • Multifunctional environmental meter for 5 measuring parameters – sound, light, wind temperature and humidity

    Environmental factors influence humans, animals and plants as well as buildings and their surroundings. The condition of stored goods, production processes, machines, apparatuses and buildings need to be protected. It is important to maintain a room climate that meets the needs of the users but at the same time does not cause any climate-related damage to the building. PCE Instruments has added ...


    By PCE Instruments

  • The evolution of thermal mass flow meters

    Who were some of the pioneers in thermal mass flow technology? A. Thermo-Systems, Inc. (TSI) began in its founder’s basement in 1959, with a cooled-film anemometer designed for transient measurements in high temperature fluid flows. This led to TSI’s hot-film and hot-wire anemometers, the first commercial products of this type. These immersion-type devices were used mainly as ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Field experiments of flow and dispersion within a street canyon in outdoor urban scale model

    Field experiments of air flow and pollution dispersion within a street canyon in the Comprehensive Outdoor Scale Model (COSMO) facility were conducted to investigate the effect of the mean and turbulent flow above the canyon on pollutant dispersion inside the canyon. Tracer gas concentration was measured using fast–response photo ionisation detectors. Three–dimensional wind velocity components ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Orthogonal probe performance from a non-orthogonal sonic anemometer

    1. Introduction In the spring of 2014 we conducted an experiment in the backyard of Applied Technologies, Inc. comparing the performance of two of our sonic anemometers, the orthogonal K-Probe and the non-orthogonal A-Probe (Zimmerman et al., 2014). We were responding to concerns in the sonic anemometer user community about the reliability of vertical velocity measurements in the ...

  • What are the advantages of ultrasonic wind sensors?

    Whether mechanical, ultrasonic or laser wind measurements: All measuring methods have technical limits. While for mechanical wind sensors the measuring element – cups and vanes – itself predominantly produces a disturbance in the flow field, for ultrasonic anemometers a disturbance can be caused by the sensor holder or housing construction. Only optical methods, e.g. LDA (Laser ...


    By OTT HydroMet

  • Sonic temperature significance and limitations

    The ATI sonic thermometer measures temperature from transit times t1 and t2 measured along the vertical path of the anemometer's probe. They are the times taken by sound pulses to traverse the 15-cm acoustic path in opposite directions; (these same transit times are used also for computing the vertical wind component). The instrument exploits the strong dependence that exists between the speed ...

  • Validation of computational non-Newtonian fluid model for membrane bioreactor

    Membrane bioreactor (MBR) systems are often considered as the wastewater treatment method of the future due to their high effluent quality. One of the main problems with such systems is a relative large energy consumption, compared to conventional activated sludge (CAS) systems, which has led to further research in this specific area. A powerful tool for optimizing MBR-systems is computational ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A study of radiation shield effectiveness

    A brief comparison of temperature readings in two passively-ventilated and three fan-aspirated radiation shields under conditions of low wind and relatively high insolation is presented. From each of two periods of study, two days were chosen for conditions of high insolation and low wind to illustrate a reasonable sample of the performance of the shields. A single sample of each shield was used ...


    By Davis Instruments Corp.

  • Momentum Flux: Gross, Scalar, Alongwind, or Net?

    Modern micrometeorology is an amalgam of two traditions: one arises from field measurements in the open atmosphere and another from wind tunnel experiments. Early micrometeorological field work, and even relatively recent studies (viz. the von Karman constant experiments by Frenzen and Vogel, 1995), were done with precision cup anemometers, which can only provide a scalar speed measurement. Most ...

  • Sonic Thermometry

    Sonic anemometers have had extensive use in the scientific community. These instruments are used to measure atmospheric parameters that most rotating instruments cannot. Wind speed and wind direction or individual axes of wind velocity are most commonly measured. Along with these measurements, another parameter can be extracted from the sonic anemometer (i.e.), sonic temperature. Since the ...

  • Canarina DISPER software · anaerobic digestion · commands 28

    The necessary data in the Meteorology command is:   Pasquill stability): Classification scheme that describes the degree of atmospheric turbulence. Categories range from extremely unstable (A=1) to extremely stable (F=6). Unstable conditions ...

  • Case study - Weather data for nautical information system

    In Lemwerder, Germany at the Weser River, wind direction and speed are measured and transferred in 60 second intervals via the OTT netDL 1000.  The data is transmitted, wireless, over a distance of 600 meters to the radar tower in Ritzenbuettel, where it is integrated into the ship traffic network - the Authority for Water and Navigation (WSA), Bremen. The WSA is also responsible for ...


    By OTT HydroMet

  • Building Ventilation – The Proper Air Changes Per Hour (ACH)

    Posted by atlanticei If you need ventilation consulting or testing discussed in this article, call us at 1-800-344-4414 or e-mail us at info@atlenv.com for details and a free estimate. Written By:  Robert E. Sheriff, MS, CIH, CSP, ...

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