anemometer temperature Articles

  • Sonic temperature significance and limitations

    The ATI sonic thermometer measures temperature from transit times t1 and t2 measured along the vertical path of the anemometer's probe. They are the times taken by sound pulses to traverse the 15-cm acoustic path in opposite directions; (these same transit times are used also for computing the vertical wind component). The instrument exploits the strong dependence that exists between the speed ...

  • Experimental study of turbulence and vertical temperature profile in the urban boundary layer

    We observed the turbulence and vertical profile of temperature in and above the roughness sublayer (RS) using a tower, a tethered balloon and a Doppler sodar in Himeji City. A 3–D ultrasonic anemometer–thermometer was sited at a height of 54 m on the tower. The present results showed that in the RS, the ratio of friction velocity to wind speed, u* /u, observed under unstable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Flow measurement technology comparison: GA5000 Vs Hot Wire Anemometer

    A typical landfill or contaminated land site under investigation will comprise of a suitable number of gas monitoring wells, with a planned series of monitoring visits.  The monitoring will include gas flow measurements, which together with methane and carbon dioxide concentrations will be used to calculate gas screening values (GSV) and hence allow the determination of whether any gas ...

  • Sonic Thermometry

    Sonic anemometers have had extensive use in the scientific community. These instruments are used to measure atmospheric parameters that most rotating instruments cannot. Wind speed and wind direction or individual axes of wind velocity are most commonly measured. Along with these measurements, another parameter can be extracted from the sonic anemometer (i.e.), sonic temperature. Since the ...

  • Do you need to measure air flow?

    Look no further. This hot wire thermo-anemometer is ideal for low air velocity, volume, and temperature measurement. If your desired application involves ventilation surveying, the maintenance of air conditioning systems, or environmental monitoring, this product will meet your requirements and more. Record your measurements on a slim plug-in telescopic probe and download the data ...


    By ATP Instrumentation Ltd

  • The evolution of thermal mass flow meters

    Who were some of the pioneers in thermal mass flow technology? A. Thermo-Systems, Inc. (TSI) began in its founder’s basement in 1959, with a cooled-film anemometer designed for transient measurements in high temperature fluid flows. This led to TSI’s hot-film and hot-wire anemometers, the first commercial products of this type. These immersion-type devices were used mainly as ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Another look at sonic thermometry

    Abstract. In this note we reassess the role of sonic thermometry in boundary-layer studies. The sonic temperature signal, when corrected for crosswind velocity contamination, very closely approximates the virtual temperature of air. This variable is needed for many boundary-layer calculations. We describe preliminary tests with a new sonic anemometer-thermometer that performs the velocity ...

  • A preliminary analysis of measurements from a near-field pollutants dispersion campaign in a stratified surface layer

    In order to study pollutants dispersion in a stably stratified surface layer at small scales, a pollutants dispersion field experiment programme is being conducted on the site SIRTA in the southern suburb of Paris. In a preliminary campaign held during the winter of 2012 with continuous gas releases, we had 12 ultrasonic anemometers measuring wind velocity and temperature at 10 Hz, and six ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A simple methodology for surface layer characterization during diabatic extremes

    Increased global environmental awareness has fostered widespread use of remote automated weather station (RAWS) networks to monitor meteorological conditions, and reliance on atmospheric dispersion modeling for decisions concerning pollutant dispersion. Dispersion models require as input a characterization of surface layer (SL) heat and momentum fluxes and turbulence. Characterization of these ...

  • Industrial thermal mass flow meters Pt.1 -Pt.2 - measurement & control

    An industrial thermal mass flowmeter measures either the mass velocity at a point in a flowing gas or the total mass flow rate through a channel or pipe. Figure 1 shows a typical thermal mass flow sensing element. It consists of two sensors: a mass flow sensor and a temperature sensor, which automatically corrects for changes in gas temperature. Both sensors are reference- grade platinum ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • On the wind flow patterns under neutral and unstable conditions in an urban area

    Wind flow and pollutant dispersion within urban areas depend on the approaching flow profile and temperature stratification. Thus, the flow field developed under neutral and unstable stratification conditions, within a street–canyon, was studied experimentally and numerically for a two–dimensional urban background set–up. Wind–tunnel measurements were carried out with a triple hot sensor ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case Study Port of Hamburg/Germany

    LOG_aLevel Storm Tide Network at the Port of Hamburg, Germany Since 2003 a Storm Tide Network from General Acoustics GmbH (GA) has been satisfactory operating at the Port of Hamburg. In a first test phase of two years a LOG_aLevel station was successfully tested by the Hamburg Port Authority (HPA) against its conventional gauges. Due to the good results in terms of accuracy and ...


    By General Acoustics e.K.

  • Effects of spatial filtering, prefiltering, and aliasing in measurements from applied technologies` Sonic K-Probe

    The Applied Technologies' Inc. (ATI) K-probe measures wind components along three mutually orthogonal axes separated spatially from each other to minimize flow distortion errors. The sonic anemometer samples the wind at a 100-Hz rate but constructs 0.1-s (10-point) non-overlapping block averages to provide. a 10-Hz data train for internal processing. This digital prefiltering is designed to ...

  • Advances in Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meters - Part 1 Principle of Operation

    Abstract This paper describes an advanced microprocessor-based thermal dispersion mass flow meter that uses four temperature sensing elements in its flow sensor instead of the traditional two elements and has a dry velocity sensor that uses no potting materials instead of the traditional potted velocity sensor. This unique new mass flow meter automatically manages changes in gas selection, ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • The quest for the perfect flowmeter

    Gases & Instrumentation had the oppor-tunity to speak with Dr. John G. Olin, Founder and Chairman of the Board of Sierra Instruments about the evolution of thermal mass flow meters and his latest product in this technology. Gases & Instrumentation: You have been engaged in thermal mass flow technology for a number of years. You must have seen a lot of change. ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Gill MetPak II weather station used to protect maltese prehistoric temples case study

    Weather data provided by the Gill MetPak II Weather Station increases understanding of the affects of weather and climate on stone structures. The Gill MetPak II Weather Station is being used as part of a comprehensive air monitoring system at a prehistoric temple site for the Maltese Department of ...


    By Gill Instruments Limited

  • ´More Stations. More Data. Better Forecasts.´ – the NYS Mesonet

    “More Stations. More Data. Better Forecasts.” – that’s the slogan of New York State Mesonet. The weather observation network consists of a total of 125 weather stations all over the state of New York and Lufft was selected as one of the vendors to support them in capturing the data. All 125 of the weathers stations have the standard instrumentation suite. Of those 125, 17 ...

  • A study of radiation shield effectiveness

    A brief comparison of temperature readings in two passively-ventilated and three fan-aspirated radiation shields under conditions of low wind and relatively high insolation is presented. From each of two periods of study, two days were chosen for conditions of high insolation and low wind to illustrate a reasonable sample of the performance of the shields. A single sample of each shield was used ...


    By Davis Instruments Corp.

  • Advances in Thermal Dispersion Mass Flow Meters - Part 2 Installation and Flow Calibration

    Abstract Part 1 of this two-part series describes the principle of operation of a new microprocessor-based thermal dispersion mass flow meter that uses four temperature sensing elements in its flow sensor and has a dry velocity sensor. Part 1 shows how this unique system provides automatic management of changes in gas selection, gas temperature, gas pressure, and outside temperature. This ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Process gas mass flow controllers - An overview

    A mass How controller (MFC) is used 10 control the How of gases in a wide range of microelectronic processes. A well-designed MFC maintains a constant tlow within I percent of the full-scale flow, has a repeatability of 0.2 percent of full scale, and has a response time of 1 second to reach within 2 percent of the desired (command) flow, all of this is in response to any changes in command flow. ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

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