anthracite sand Articles

  • How Thames Water reinvented its fast sand filters

    World best filter material for purification of drinking When algal blooms put the sand filters under pressure, Thames Water started its own in-house research into new filter materials. Not only did the effort cure the constraint, the use of new filter materials has saved millions in investments. Fast Cleaning To purify water with ...


    By Filtralite - Leca Norge As

  • A Low Cost Solution to Reduce Total Nitrogen Discharged from WWTPs – Meeting the 3 mg/L Regulatory Limit in Total Nitrogen Using Existing Downflow Tertiary Media Filters as a Medium for Denitrification

    Existing tertiary media filters for solids removal may be used as a medium for denitrification of the secondary effluent to reduce the Total Nitrogen (TN) discharged by a Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP). This study explores the use of tertiary media filters as a low-cost solution for WWTPs in reducing TN levels to meet upcoming nutrient discharge regulations. Three pilotscale filters with sand ...

  • Rich microbial communities inhabit water treatment biofilters and are differentially affected by filter type and sampling depth

    Factors affecting microbial diversity (richness) and community structure in biofilter columns were investigated. At a pilot filtration plant, granular activated carbon (GAC), anthracite and sand-based filters were used to treat stormwater from an urban catchment. After 12 weeks operation, sand media filters clogged (hydraulic conductivity declining by 90%) and all filters were destructively ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alternative filter media for potable water treatment

    Need for Research Roughing filters at London works: Low backwash rates for filters at older works Inability to keep sand clean (rising normalised starting head loss) Vulnerability to algal laden water Loss of production at critical times during the year Objective: identify mono-medium & dual media alternatives to BSS 14/25 ...


    By Filtralite - Leca Norge As

  • Case study - Filtralite in London

    World best filter material for purification of drinking When algal blooms put the sand filters under pressure, Thames Water started its own in-house research into new filter materials. Not only did the effort cure the constraint, the use of new filter materials has saved millions in investments. Fast Cleaning To purify water with sand takes a long ...


    By Filtralite - Leca Norge As

  • Effective production of rapid filters with polystyrene granules as a media filter

    In conventional water treatment stations, the filter cleaning is performed with the use of filtered water. To save water and obtain higher production, the use of polystyrene (PS) beads has been proposed as a granular filter element because it is a granular element with a low specific mass. By being lightweight, this material requires a lower water velocity during backwash. The PS beads were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biofiltration optimization: phosphorus supplementation effects on disinfection byproduct formation potential

    This study investigates the effects of phosphorus supplementation on the formation potential of total trihalomethanes (TTHMfp) and five species of haloacetic acids (HAA5fp) during exposure to clearwell disinfection contact times. In addition, the study investigates the effects of phosphorus supplementation on the dissolved oxygen, organic carbon and nitrogen removal along with biofilm ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dual-media filters, Fredrikstad waterworks, Norway

    Fredrikstad Waterworks in southeastern Norway has an annual water production of 15 mill. cubic metres and supplies the municipalities Fredrikstad and Hvaler. During autumn 2003 they have renovated their dual-media filters. After around 8 years of operation, the volume of filter media in the existing sand/anthracite-filters was significantly reduced resulting in poor filtering ...


    By Filtralite - Leca Norge As

  • Hybrid filtration method for pre-treatment of stormwater

    In this study the hybrid filtration process (combining fibre filter with deep bed dual media filtration) was investigated as pre-treatment to stormwater. This process was investigated in-terms of reduction in turbidity, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), colour, headloss development across the filters, suspended solids removal, organic matter removal, nutrients and heavy matter (such as iron, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Industrial Skid Mounted Filtration System, USA

    INTRODUCTION In April 2013, Pure Aqua successfully manufactured and supplied to a major wastewater treatment site in the USA with a skid mounted twin alternating multi-media water filtration system to remove suspended solids from well water. The multi-media filtration system comes complete ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Fouling of low-pressure membranes during drinking water treatment: effect of NOM components and biofiltration pretreatment

    Fouling is a major challenge for low-pressure membrane drinking water treatment systems. Previous research has demonstrated that under the right conditions, biofiltration is an effective method to reduce fouling of low-pressure polymeric membranes. This study provides additional insight into the effect of biofiltration as a pretreatment for fouling reduction by using river water with different ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Filtralite Fredrikstad

    When renovating the filters the waterworks was interested in testing alternative filter media and replaced the anthracite layer in one of the filters with Filtralite® media for evaluation. Filtralite® is a filter media made of expanded clay and delivered by Saint-Gobain (Weber). In March 2002 Filtralite® media was installed on top of the existing sand in one out of totally 8 filters. ...


    By Filtralite - Leca Norge As

  • Water reuse for the bottled water industry

    ABSTRACTThe bottled water industry uses a machine specifically designed for the washing of its containers (19-L capacity) and generates 6-L wastewater/container. This effluent can be used for watering of green areas and car washing. The objectives of the present work were to characterize the effluent and to propose a specific treatment to enable reuse of the effluent from the container washing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Micro Media Filtration Proving Effective in Produced Water Softening Systems

    Having an eff ective, durable pretreatment system in advance of ion exchange produced-water softening systems is the fi rst, most critical line of defense – ensuring smooth, more troublefree performance downstream. It’s especially true when dealing with today’s ion exchange technologies, which require TSS (total suspended solids) of 0.1-0.5 mg/L and turbidities of 0.1-1 NTU ...


    By Eco-Tec Inc.

  • Dependable Pretreatment for UF Membrane Water Treatment System

    Lake Forest is a small upper class community along the west shore of Lake Michigan about 35 miles north of downtown Chicago, IL. In 1890 a group of residents started the Lake Forest Water Company on the present site to provide water for the residents of the community. Prior to the spring of 2004, the Lake Forest Water Plant provided traditional water treatment. Coagulating chemicals were added to ...

  • Industrial Media Filtration Systems, Philippines

    INTRODUCTION In July 2013, Pure Aqua successfully manufactured industrial media filtration systems to a major company in Philippines to remove particulates, chlorine, organics, and odor from well water. The industrial media filtration systems were selected from our MF-1000 Series with 48" and 42" diameter ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Sea water desalination for sagunto, Spain

    The Problem The Sagunto locality is situated in the region of the Camp of Morvedre in Spain. In recent years, a strong industrial growth has been anticipated in the zone. This has provoked a growing requirement for water in the Municipal Region of Sagunto. For this situation, the Sagunto Council planed to cover part of the future hydraulic deficit for short and long term with the ...

  • [Technical Paper] Biomass Evolution in Full-Scale Drinking Water Filters

    After nearly two-years of work, we could advance our understanding of ATP measurement in drinking water biofilters. I will describe some of the background and key results from the study below – more information is provided in the Journal AWWA December 2016 article. Background of the ...


    By LuminUltra Technologies Ltd.

  • MBBR Helps Seafood manufacturer meet regulatory requirements

    Abstract Seafood processor in Manta Ecuador has a high strength wastewater with TSS as high as 20,000 mg/l, FOG 700 mg/l, COD of 13,000 mg/l and BOD of 6,000 mg/l. Wastewater is discharged into Pacific Ocean across the street from the factory. Current treatment plant produces effluent with TSS of 150 mg/l, FOG of 80 mg/l, COD of 800 mg/l and BOD of 400 mg/l on average. New laws require that ...


    By Clean Water Technology, Inc.

  • Using Nanofiltration in Beverage Production

    The following article is based on a paper presented in August, 1990 at the 21st Annual Meeting of the Fine Particle Society in San Diego. Soft drink manufacturers, not to mention manufacturers of other beverage products, have always had a keen interest in the water that goes into their products. After all, it is the water that typically makes up 80%-90% of the product. In the past the water has ...

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