antiscalant Articles

  • Application of the membrane fouling simulator to determine biofouling potential of antiscalants in membrane filtration

    In treatment of groundwater with reverse osmosis, the applied antiscalant can significantly contribute to the formation of biofouling, especially when legislation enforces the use of biodegradable, phosphorous-free products. As an alternative to extensive piloting, the use of the membrane fouling simulator (MFS) is proposed here to assess the biomass growth potential of different antiscalants. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cost saving case study using a calcium sulphate specific antiscalant

    Abstract Extensive extraction from aquifers often leads to deterioration in water quality. This is usually seen as an increase in the soluble salt levels which, over time, has a detrimental effect on membrane performance. A limiting factor in the efficiency of membrane operation is the recovery rate that can be achieved, particularly with ‘brackish’ water operation. A high ...

  • Efficiency of a Biodegradable Antiscalant against Barite under Geothermal Plant Conditions

    In geothermal power plants, various types of scales can occur. Barite (BaSO4, barium sulfate) is the dominating mineral species of the scales in a region in middle Europe, acting as isolation material and leading to a reduction of the heat transfer and clogging of installations. Further, sulphide minerals like galena (PbS, lead sulfide) may be part of the scaling. As a ...


    By Kurita

  • Theoretical and practical experience of calcium phosphate inhibition in RO waters

    The increasing trend over the last ten years to use waste water as a feed source for reverse osmosis membrane plant has resulted in an increase in calcium phosphate scaling on membrane surfaces. This is due to much higher levels of phosphate in waste water typically 10-30 mg/l as compared with a groundwater source which may have only 1-5 mg/l of phosphate. These higher phosphate levels resulting ...

  • Experiences with the conventional pretreatment system in the seawater reverse osmosis plant at Kalpakkam

    A 1800 m³/day Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) plant was commissioned in October 2002 at Kalpakkam, India, as part of the Nuclear Desalination Demonstration Project (NDDP). The conventional pretreatment scheme was adopted consisting of a lamella clarifier, pressurised sand filter, activated carbon filter and cartridge filter. The dosing of pretreatment chemicals, ferrous sulphate and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimizing scale inhibition costs in reverse osmosis desalination plants

    Over the last few decades, advancements in technology and engineering design have allowed for the construction of reverse osmosis (RO) plants with increased production capacities that could operate at reasonable energy costs. Yet the portion of the operating cost related to consumable scale inhibition chemicals has not changed dramatically due to the disregard by the water treatment community for ...

  • Reusing water for industrial processes and irrigation in Saudi Arabia

    Water is a scarce resource in Saudi Arabia and the public administration and private companies implement water reuse whenever possible. A reverse osmosis plant installed in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia helps to treat industrial waste water streams to quality levels that permit water reuse for industrial applications and irrigation. Kemira KemGuard antiscalant is used to prevent deposit ...

  • Drinking Water Treatment Municipality of Sainte-Geneviève de Batiscan, Quebec

    A number of Quebec municipalities are confronted with feedwater problems of a bacteriological or physicochemical nature hardness, manganese, iron, dissolved solids) in the production of their drinking water. In many cases, these water sources do not meet government quality standards for drinking water. Membrane filtration preceded by the appropriate pretreatments can be a solution. Piloting ...


    By H2O Innovation

  • Sustainable groundwater management using reclaimed water: the Torreele/St-André case in Flanders, Belgium

    The Torreele facility produces infiltration water for indirect potable re-use through artificial recharge of the dune aquifer of St-André. The secondary wastewater effluent is treated by ultrafiltration (UF), using the submerged ZeeWeed system, prior to reverse osmosis (RO), using brackish water low energy membranes. The Torreele experience showed that combining UF and RO enables the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Innovations in the inhibition and cleaning of reverse osmosis mebrane scaling and fouling - Case Study

    Abstract: Scaling and fouling of membranes are an on-going performance issue for most plants This presentation outlines innovations in speciality chemicals designed to inhibit membrane scaling and fouling and to clean membranes where deposition has occurred. High phosphate waste water reuse RO plant – There is an increasing trend to treat recycled waste water and use ...

  • Novel method of stabilizing water pretreatment for reverse osmosis desalination

    The preparation of functionalized filter media (FFM), its ability to release active antiscalant substances and its application for water treatment in water heating processes and as a pretreatment in reverse osmosis (RO) desalination were investigated in this study. FFM is a novel method of stabilizing water pretreatment designed to be free of the disadvantages of conventional methods of water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Commercial SWRO Machine, Philippines

    INTRODUCTION In April 2013, Pure Aqua successfully manufactured and supplied a commercial SWRO machine to a major company in the Philippines. The machine came complete with an advanced microprocessor control along with pretreatments consisting of a ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Case study - Algae control in cooling towers

    Company: Dubai festival city Description: LG Sonic industrial units for district cooling facility in Dubai Project objective: Reduce chemical dosage for water treatment and, at the same time, control factors that may cause problems, such as corrosion, scaling, and microbial activity Before treatment Scaling, ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Seawater desalination for methanex

    Methanex has a large methanol production facility in Punta Arenas, Chile. In this region of the world, fresh water is not available, and the facility requires seawater desalination to provide drinking water and process water. When the facility underwent renovation and expansion of their facilities, Aqua-Chem ICD provided a total of five (5) new Once through Multi-stage Flash plants. The ...

  • Municipality of Barrows, Manitoba case study

    Situated some 500 km north of Winnipeg, the municipality of Barrows is home to about 300 inhabitants. Barrows has a school in the village with close to 100 students. The only available source of water supply for the municipality is an underground spring with a TDS (total dissolved solids) concentration exceeding 1900 mg/L making the water undrinkable (see Table I). At the request of John Brittain ...


    By H2O Innovation

  • Reverse Osmosis Technology - Kuriverter Rc.

    Summary Applications using Reverse Osmosis membrane technologies are everywhere in our lives – from tiny under counter units polishing our drinking water through industrial units preparing water for processes or purifying effluents for reuse and massive seawater desalination plants producing thousands of m³ of drinking and irrigation water every day. The membranes used in this ...


    By Kurita

  • Red Rock Correctional Facility, Arizona - Case Study

    In 2013, AdEdge Water Technologies was contacted by Valentine Engineering to participate in a design/build project that was ongoing at the Red Rock Correctional Facility in Eloy, Arizona. CCA is the parent company and is an operator of privately owned and operated prisons throughout the United States. CCA signed an agreement with the State of Arizona to administer up to 1,500 prisoners at the Red ...

  • Commercial RO Package, Jordan

    INTRODUCTION In April 2013, Pure Aqua, Inc. designed and manufactured a commercial RO package to a major hotel in Jordan to remove, chlorine, TDS, and odor from well water. The package consisted of pre and post treatments including a multimedia filter and chemical dosing systems. The brackish ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Reducing operational costs in high silica, 18,000m3/day BWRO in Arica, Chile

    Abstract The desalination industry has significantly evolved in the last decade with 33million m3/day of additional desalination capacity now operating. One third is using membrane technology with 6,458 Reverse osmosis plants coming on-line. More than twice as many brackish water RO plants than sea water plants have been built since the first plants were commissioned in the late ...

  • The DNA Revolution for Water Professionals

    Imagine trying to solve a problem when you are provided just 1% of the total data. This is essentially the case in analyzing water and wastewater microbiomes. Conventional microbiological testing methods such as culture and microscopy can identify only about 1% of microorganisms that are contained in a ...


    By LuminUltra Technologies Ltd.

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