aquifer Articles

  • The London aquifer

    The aquifer beneath London is subject to a considerable number of stresses including rising groundwater levels, abstraction sustainability, artificial recharge, saline intrusion, groundwater flooding, and the growth of ground source energy.  ESI has recently undertaken two key projects for the Environment Agency to aid the management of these pressures in a sustainable and cost effective ...

  • Characterising aquifer treatment for pathogens in managed aquifer recharge

    In this study the value of subsurface treatment of urban stormwater during Aquifer Storage Transfer Recovery (ASTR) is characterised using quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) methodology. The ASTR project utilizes a multi-barrier treatment train to treat urban stormwater but to date the role of the aquifer has not been quantified. In this study it was estimated that the aquifer barrier ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterising aquifer treatment for pathogens in managed aquifer recharge

    In this study the value of subsurface treatment of urban stormwater during Aquifer Storage Transfer Recovery (ASTR) is characterised using quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) methodology. The ASTR project utilizes a multi-barrier treatment train to treat urban stormwater but to date the role of the aquifer has not been quantified. In this study it was estimated that the aquifer barrier ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Method for remediation of aquifers

    The US Government has a paid-up license in this invention and the right in limited circumstances to require the patent owner to license others on reasonable terms as provided for by the terms of contract F41624-99 C-8033 awarded by the United States Air Force Material Command. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the InventionThis invention relates to the remediation of contaminated ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Sparta aquifer master plan

    Client: Union County Water Conservation Board Completion Date: 2004 Services Provided Hydrogeologic modeling Evaluate alternative supplies Aquifer storage and recovery Dam and reservoir Wastewater reuse River supply Conservation 65-MGD river intake ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Investigating cross-contamination of aquifers

    Shallow aquifers can cross-contaminate deeper aquifers through penetration of an intervening aquitard, via sandy intervals in the aquitard, along well casings, across long well screens, or around aquitard pinchouts. Distinguishing among these potential pathways requires the use of evaluation tools that may support or eliminate certain pathways. These tools include groundwater gradient and ...


    By Springer

  • Union county aquifer restoration

    Client: Union County Water Conservation Board  Completion Date: 2003  Services Provided 65-MGD river intake Mechanically cleaned bar screen Two traveling water screens Quarter-mile-long access bridge with service deck Four 15,050 gpm vertical turbine intake pumps 48-inch raw water ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Abandon Well Contaminate Aquifer

    This article points out the magnitude of this urgent issue.  An abandoned well becomes an opening into an aquifer which is likely to introduce contamination.  Filling it in is a critical component of protecting the well water supply.  Click here to read the ...

  • Aquifer storage & recovery

    Client: City of Wichita, Kansas  Completion Date: November 2001  Services Provided Program management Hydrogeological engineering Water quality monitoring Design criteria development Water accounting system Public information program Permitting agency reviews ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Mapping of freshwater aquifers case study

    Big Pine Key, Florida The Nature Conservancy is coordinating investigations to document the physical and biological changes that will occur on small oceanic islands as a result of sea level rise. Big Pine Key, FL is one of the primary areas of investigation because of extensive previous work and that a large portion of the island is a National Wildlife Refuge and therefore not subject to ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Virus Transport Experiments in a Sandy Aquifer

    Abstract  The occurrence of human enteric viruses in ground water has been well documented in the literature. Bacteriophages such as MS-2 and PRD1 have properties similar to pathogenic human viruses suggesting that bacteriophages can be used as proxies for virus transport. The objective of this study is to investigate a “worst case scenario” for virus transport in a ground water aquifer, ...


  • TCE Remediation in Saprolite and Bedrock Aquifers

    Site Summary Subsurface investigations at this operating manufacturing facility revealed TCE contamination in saprolite and bedrock aquifers. The complicated site geology created the need for a remedial strategy effective in tight soil and fractured bedrock. Accelerated bioremediation using HRC was selected for a pilot study because its use offered a remedial method that would not interrupt ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Mathematical modeling for solute transport in aquifer

    Groundwater pollution may occur due to human activities, industrial effluents, cemeteries, mine spoils, etc. This paper deals with one-dimensional mathematical modeling of solute transport in finite aquifers. The governing equation for solute transport by unsteady groundwater flow is solved analytically by the Laplace transform technique. Initially, the aquifer is subjected to the spatially ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Identification of Naegleria fowleri in warm ground water aquifers

    Received for publication February 16, 2009. The free-living amoeba Naegleria fowleri was identified as the etiological agent of primary amoebic meningoencephalitis that caused the deaths of two children in Peoria, Arizona, in autumn of 2002. It was suspected that the source of N. fowleri was the domestic water supply, which originates from ground water sources. In this study, ground water from ...

  • Comparison of Reducing Agents for Dechlorination in a Simulated Aquifer (PDF)

    A simulated aquifer system (Aquifer Simulation Vessel – ASV) was used to study the efficacy of various reducing agents to assist microbial dechlorination. The soil samples are homogenized and the soil is packed into 6.0-foot long tubes with an internal diameter of 5.75 inches. Flow rates can be calibrated for flow at 0.1 to 2.0 feet/day. The system has a volume of 2025.44 in3.  A solution of ...


    By REGENESIS

  • DOD evaluates bioaugmentation for remediating low-pH aquifers

    The US Department of Defense (DOD) has completed pilot-scale work on the 'MAG-1' site at Fort Dix, NJ, to test suitability of anaerobic bioremediation for an aquifer with low pH. Project results will be used to design full-scale ground-water treatment at MAG-1. In addition, technical criteria gained from the demonstration will be integrated into DOD’s remediation strategy for its many facilities ...

  • A GIS-based methodology to delineate aquifer recharge areas

    A GIS-based methodology to delineate risk areas for contamination of groundwater resources is presented by identifying recharge conditions to the aquifer. Identifying the recharge areas is based upon surface and subsurface geologic conditions that may control the risk of potential oil spill contaminants into the aquifer. This study uses the Chicot aquifer system in southwest Louisiana as a pilot ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The chemical evolution of groundwater in the Kerman plain aquifer, Iran

    A comprehensive hydrogeochemical study was carried out in the Kerman Plain Aquifer, Iran. Groundwater samples were collected from 58 sites. Groundwater was analysed for major constituents (Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Cl−, SO42− HCO3−. Different methods including composite diagrams, saturation indices and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Controlling factors of groundwater hydrochemistry in a small island’s aquifer

    Abstract: Factor analysis was applied to the hydrochemical data set of Manukan Island in order to extract the principal factors corresponding to the different sources of variation in the hydrochemistry. The application of varimax rotation was to ensure the clear definition of the main sources of variation in the hydrochemistry. The geochemical data of dissolved major, minor and trace ...

  • Arsenic geochemistry in a biostimulated aquifer: An aqueous speciation study

    Stimulating microbial growth through the use of acetate injection wells at the former uranium mill site in Rifle, Colorado, USA, has been shown to decrease dissolved uranium (VI) concentrations through bacterial reduction to immobile uranium (IV). Bioreduction also changed the redox chemistry of site groundwater, altering the mobility of several other redox‐sensitive elements present in the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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