aquifer characteristic Articles

  • Estimation of baseflow recession constants and effective hydraulic parameters in the karst basins of southwest China

    By analysing the hydrographs of karst basin outflow, it is possible to identify aquifer characteristics and, accordingly, the main features of a karst basin. In this study, 19 basins with daily observed flow discharges during drought periods between October and April 1973–1983 were selected to analyse the master recession curve (MRC). During a drought period, the MRCs were separated into segments ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality dependence on the depth of the vadose zone in SAT-simulated soil columns

    ABSTRACTThree soil aquifer treatment (SAT) columns were operated for five months to investigate the dependence of the treated water quality upon the depth of unsaturated vadose zone in terms of its organics, nitrogen and phosphorus contents. It was found that DOC removal was independent of the unsaturated vadose zone depth except during the initial flooding period when the effluent was injected ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In Situ Thermal Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ thermal treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is ...

  • In Situ Physical/Chemical Treatment for Ground Water and Leachate

    The main advantage of in situ treatments is that they allow ground water to be treated without being brought to the surface, resulting in significant cost savings. In situ processes, however, generally require longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is more ...

  • Microbiological assessment of private groundwater-derived potable water supplies in the Mid-West Region of Ireland

    Determining the likelihood that groundwater contains faecal coliforms can aid water resource management in facilitating the protection of drinking water supplies. This study assesses the incidence of the faecal indicator organism Escherichia coli in 125 private water supplies (PWSs) serving individual houses in the Mid-West Region of Ireland. Two factors, aquifer type and rainfall (mm), were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In Situ Physical/Chemical Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows ground water to be treated without being brought to the surface, resulting in significant cost savings. In situ treatment, however, generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is more ...

  • Large TCE Plume with Extensive DNAPL - Case Study

    ABSTRACT High density sampling program was key to remediation of soil and groundwater impacted by TCE DNAPL at a former industrial site underlain by river deposits and sedimentary bedrock. CHALLENGES Impacted alluvium consisted of poorly sorted, fine to coarse grained sand. The source area was underlain by an aquitard of silt and clayey silt where dense ...

  • Hydrogeology Practitioner Spotlight--Wayne Hutchinson

    Name: Wayne Hutchinson Office: Milwaukee Practice Area: Environmental Liability Management Area of expertise: Hydrogeology About Me in 140 Characters (or more!): I suppose I was drawn to a career in science, and specifically hydrogeology, because it allows me to use and apply mathematics, chemistry and physics to solve three-dimensional puzzles. ...


    By Antea Group - USA

  • Use of Reclaimed Water and Stormwater for Wetland Restoration on a Municipal Wellfield: Evaluating Potential Impacts to Public Health

    The Section 21 Wellfield is located in northwest Hillsborough County, Florida. Wetlands and lakes within the wellfield have been impacted by historic wellfield pumping-related activities and local land development activities. The Section 21 Wellfield Restoration Project is a multi-agency effort designed to assess whether surface water and/or reclaimed water are viable water sources for wetland ...

  • Use of reclaimed water and stormwater for wetland restoration on a municipal wellfield: evaluating potential impacts to public health

    The Section 21 Wellfield is located in northwest Hillsborough County, Florida. Wetlands and lakes within the wellfield have been impacted by historic wellfield pumping-related activities and local land development activities. The Section 21 Wellfield Restoration Project is a multi-agency effort designed to assess whether surface water and/or reclaimed water are viable water sources for wetland ...

  • Modeling the groundwater recharge in karst aquifers by using a reservoir model

    The estimation of the groundwater recharge in a karstic system becomes an important challenge due to the great hydrodynamic variability in both time and space. This paper proposes a two reservoir conceptual model to simulate inflow into both the conduit system and the fissure network system based on the analysis of the spring hydrograph. The structure of the model and the governing equations are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of groundwater vulnerability to nitrate pollution caused by agricultural practices

    Environmental risk assessment is a step towards identification, analysis, and classification of risk factors and thus reduction of the possibility of adverse consequences. In this research, a novel approach for environmental risk assessment on groundwater pollution is applied. By combination of aquifer vulnerability DRASTIC map, pollution severity and prioritizing of the plain regions by the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Karst groundwater: a challenge for new resources

    Karst aquifers have complex and original characteristics which make them very different from other aquifers: high heterogeneity created and organised by groundwater flow, large voids, high flow velocities up to several hundreds of m/h, high flow rate springs up to some tens of m3/s. Different conceptual models, known from the literature, attempt to take into account all these particularities. The ...


    By Springer-Verlag GmbH

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

  • Enhanced Bioremediation

    Introduction Enhanced bioremediation is a process in which indigenous or inoculated micro-organisms (e.g., fungi, bacteria, and other microbes) degrade (metabolize) organic contaminants found in soil and/or ground water, converting them to innocuous end products. Nutrients, oxygen, or other amendments may be used to enhance bioremediation and contaminant desorption from subsurface materials. ...

  • Storing Heat Underground

    Underground thermal energy storage (UTES) is a system that uses inter-seasonal heat storage, storing excess heat from the summer for use in winter heating, and the cooling potential from winter for cooling in summer. A cost-effective, low-energy and low-risk proven renewable technology, UTES reduces carbon emissions by up to 60% and is becoming an increasingly popular choice for residential, ...


    By Boode Waterwell Systems

  • Migration and transformation characteristics of DOM in fine sand and marl rock

    This paper mainly studied migration and transformation characteristics of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in underground aquifers. To achieve the research purpose, we carried out the dynamic column experiments of the DOM at different conditions indoors. In the experiment, the water of Wujiang River from Pingdingshan Coal-field is used as water sample, meanwhile, fine sand and marl rock are used ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A finite layer technique for calculating three-dimensional pollutant migration in soil

    A technique for the analysis of two— and three—dimensional pollutant migration through a layered soil medium is described. An earlier solution for plane diffusion in a single homogeneous layer of soil is extended using the finite layer method for general three-dimensional diffusion. Particular attention is focused on the effects of horizontal advective velocity and coefficient of hydrodynamic ...


    By GAEA Technologies Ltd.

  • Integration of Subsurface Data Management and GIS to Facilitate Model Calibration

    Abstract The development of numerical codes, as well as pre- and post-processors to support these codes, has made the discipline of groundwater modelling increasingly more automated and efficient. The value of such modelling is reliant on the site-specific data used to build and calibrate the models. The integration of EarthSoft's EQuISÒ Geology and any of several popular modelling environments ...


    By EarthSoft, Inc

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you