aquifer evaluation Articles

  • DOD evaluates bioaugmentation for remediating low-pH aquifers

    The US Department of Defense (DOD) has completed pilot-scale work on the 'MAG-1' site at Fort Dix, NJ, to test suitability of anaerobic bioremediation for an aquifer with low pH. Project results will be used to design full-scale ground-water treatment at MAG-1. In addition, technical criteria gained from the demonstration will be integrated into DOD’s remediation strategy for its many facilities ...

  • Investigating cross-contamination of aquifers

    Shallow aquifers can cross-contaminate deeper aquifers through penetration of an intervening aquitard, via sandy intervals in the aquitard, along well casings, across long well screens, or around aquitard pinchouts. Distinguishing among these potential pathways requires the use of evaluation tools that may support or eliminate certain pathways. These tools include groundwater gradient and ...


    By Springer

  • Evaluating the Vulnerability of Bored and Driven Wells in a Shallow Unconfined Aquifer

    Shallow unconfined aquifers are the only source of water for private wells in some rural areas. The Oak Openings region of Ohio is one such location. Wells are usually bored or driven in shallow aquifers and are more susceptible to contamination caused by human activities on the surface. To provide better protection for consumers developing shallow wells, local health departments have doubled the ...

  • Union county aquifer restoration

    Client: Union County Water Conservation Board  Completion Date: 2003  Services Provided 65-MGD river intake Mechanically cleaned bar screen Two traveling water screens Quarter-mile-long access bridge with service deck Four 15,050 gpm vertical turbine intake pumps 48-inch raw water ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Aquifer storage & recovery

    Client: City of Wichita, Kansas  Completion Date: November 2001  Services Provided Program management Hydrogeological engineering Water quality monitoring Design criteria development Water accounting system Public information program Permitting agency reviews ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Sparta aquifer master plan

    Client: Union County Water Conservation Board Completion Date: 2004 Services Provided Hydrogeologic modeling Evaluate alternative supplies Aquifer storage and recovery Dam and reservoir Wastewater reuse River supply Conservation 65-MGD river intake ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Estimating contaminant-flushing rates for heterogeneous aquifers

    Groundwater remediation evaluations typically include cleanup time projections. Current batch flushing-rate equations and analytical models often used to estimate groundwater cleanup rates typically underestimate cleanup times, with a major factor the flawed assumption of aquifer homogeneity. Numerical modelling of groundwater flow and contaminant transport is a time-intensive and costly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluating farmers' preferences for wastewater: quantity and quality aspects

    This paper employs the Contingent Valuation (CV) method to investigate farmers' willingness to adopt a new water resource, namely treated wastewater, and to estimate their Willingness To Pay (WTP) for varying quantities and qualities of treated wastewater for irrigation. A pilot CV study is undertaken with 97 farmers located around Cyprus' Akrotiri aquifer, a common-pool water resource with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of a Horizontal Well

    Background: Air Sparging Air sparging is an in-situ remediation technology where air is injected into the saturated zone of an aquifer. It is an alternative to conventional ex-situ pump and treat systems for remediation of contaminated ground water. It is necessary to understand the pattern of air flow that will occur in the subsurface in order to determine the optimal placement, ...

  • Numerical evaluation of pumping well transmissivity estimates in laterally heterogeneous formations

    Transmissivity estimates derived from non-steady-state, single well, constant discharge, aquifer tests in laterally heterogeneous environments generally are questioned relative to their representativeness of aquifer conditions. Drawdown in pumping wells reflects the removal of water from storage in the aquifer and transient refraction of groundwater path-lines during the evolution of a ...


    By Springer

  • Analysis of Hydrologic Data to Evaluate Phytoremediation System Performance

    Abstract A long-term environmental monitoring program is providing hydrologic data that demonstrates poplar trees are influencing groundwater flow at the J-Field site, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland. Advanced data collection and analyses techniques have enabled researchers to construct a water budget for the study area and to estimate the amount of groundwater the trees are transpiring on a ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Evaluation of regional groundwater quality using PCA and geostatistics in the urban coastal aquifer, East Coast of India

    A systematic groundwater quality-monitoring program was conducted, and a total of 201 groundwater samples were collected. Multivariate and geostatistical techniques were employed to investigate major contamination types and its spatial characteristics in the study area. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) reveals that salinity (Factor 1) and nutrient (Factor 2) are very predominant contaminants in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Confined aquifer responses to pumping – potential impacts on plume migration

    Pressure waves are transmitted in confined aquifers with relatively little damping compared with surficial phreatic aquifers. Confined aquifers may therefore be subject to abrupt and far-reaching changes in the rate and direction of groundwater flow due to changes in well pumping. Where there is a mechanism for contaminants to reach a confined aquifer, the contaminant migration within the aquifer ...

  • Modelling biological Cr(VI) reduction in aquifer microcosm column systems

    Several chrome processing facilities in South Africa release hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) into groundwater resources. Pump-and-treat remediation processes have been implemented at some of the sites but have not been successful in reducing contamination levels. The current study is aimed at developing an environmentally friendly, cost-effective and self-sustained biological method to curb the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulation of aquifer-peatland-river interactions under climate change

    Wetlands play an important role in preventing extreme low flows in rivers and groundwater level drawdowns during drought periods. This hydrological function could become increasingly important under a warmer climate. Links between peatlands, aquifers, and rivers remain inadequately understood. The objective of this study was to evaluate the hydrologic functions of the Lanoraie peatland complex ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Research on the evaluation method of groundwater quantity and pollution vulnerability

    Current research on groundwater vulnerability is aimed mainly at groundwater pollution vulnerability (GPV), and the vulnerability of groundwater quantity is seldom considered. It is important to carry out the groundwater vulnerability evaluation for the management of groundwater resources. This paper presents evaluation models and methods for assessing groundwater quantity and pollution ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of preozonation on wastewater reclamation by the combination of ozonation and soil aquifer treatment

    A series of column experiments and risk evaluation showed that preozonation was a better option to enhance the performance of soil aquifer treatment (SAT) than ozonation after SAT with respect to dissolved organic carbon, trace organic contaminants, and disinfection byproducts. This is a good example to show that upgrading pretreatments can be more effective than adding extra treatments after ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of Aerobic and Anaerobic Degradation of Pentachlorophenol in Groundwater (PDF)

    Bench-scale laboratory tests were conducted to evaluate and compare the enhanced bioremediation of pentachlorophenol (PCP) in groundwater under anaerobic and aerobic conditions. While tests under both conditions showed a significant reduction of PCP over the 3-month test period (greater than 90 percent reduction compared to 40 percent in controls), removal to concentrations below the 10 μg/L ...


    By Regenesis

  • Coastal aquifer hydrodynamics and salinity in response to the tide: case study in Lisbon, Portugal

    The variability in dynamics and salinity of the coastal alluvial aquifer on which the city of Lisbon is located was evaluated. The evaluation was based on the analysis of level and groundwater electrical conductivity fluctuations depending on the tide in the Tagus River. The results obtained made it possible to recognize three sectors. First, a littoral sector where the variations in level and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of the potential impact of Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam and pumping scenarios on groundwater level in the Nile Delta aquifer

    The main objective of this study is to evaluate the potential impact of Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) and pumping scenarios on groundwater level by a three-dimensional groundwater model of the Nile Delta using MODFLOW software. The Nile Delta has highly intensive irrigation canal networks that share yearly about 35.5 km3 of water. In this study, an integrated three-dimensional ...


    By IWA Publishing

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