aquifer groundwater Articles

  • The London aquifer

    The aquifer beneath London is subject to a considerable number of stresses including rising groundwater levels, abstraction sustainability, artificial recharge, saline intrusion, groundwater flooding, and the growth of ground source energy.  ESI has recently undertaken two key projects for the Environment Agency to aid the management of these pressures in a sustainable and cost effective ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • The chemical evolution of groundwater in the Kerman plain aquifer, Iran

    A comprehensive hydrogeochemical study was carried out in the Kerman Plain Aquifer, Iran. Groundwater samples were collected from 58 sites. Groundwater was analysed for major constituents (Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Cl−, SO42− HCO3−. Different methods including composite diagrams, saturation indices and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Aquifers and hyporheic zones: Towards an ecological understanding of groundwater

    Ecological constraints in subsurface environments relate directly to groundwater flow, hydraulic conductivity, interstitial biogeochemistry, pore size, and hydrological linkages to adjacent aquifers and surface ecosystems. Groundwater ecology has evolved from a science describing the unique subterranean biota to its current form emphasising multidisciplinary studies that integrate hydrogeology ...


    By Springer

  • Controlling factors of groundwater hydrochemistry in a small island’s aquifer

    Abstract: Factor analysis was applied to the hydrochemical data set of Manukan Island in order to extract the principal factors corresponding to the different sources of variation in the hydrochemistry. The application of varimax rotation was to ensure the clear definition of the main sources of variation in the hydrochemistry. The geochemical data of dissolved major, minor and trace ...

  • The application of groundwater modelling to simulate the behaviour of groundwater resources in the Ramhormooz Aquifer, Iran

    In this study, groundwater modelling was proposed as management tool in Ramhormooz Plain, south western Iran. After definition of a conceptual model, the necessary data were defined into various packages of MODFLOW. Subsequently, the model was calibrated by trial and error estimation and the results were finally optimised by PMWIN through PEST code. After verification process, the model was used ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anaerobic Bioremediation of Groundwater Using Edible Oil Substrate EOS® In an Unconfined Groundwater Aquifer

    ABSTRACT: To treat groundwater contaminants in situ, enhanced anaerobic bioremediation processes can be stimulated through addition of soluble substrates. At a dry cleaners site located in San Jose, California, the goal was to find a substrate that is long lasting and easily distributed into the saturated soils. After evaluating several alternatives, in situ bioremediation using an emulsified ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Method for remediation of aquifers

    The US Government has a paid-up license in this invention and the right in limited circumstances to require the patent owner to license others on reasonable terms as provided for by the terms of contract F41624-99 C-8033 awarded by the United States Air Force Material Command. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the InventionThis invention relates to the remediation of contaminated ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Anaerobic bioremediation of groundwater using edible oil substrate EOS in an unconfined groundwater aquifer

    To treat groundwater contaminants in situ, enhanced anaerobic bioremediation processes can be stimulated through addition of soluble substrates. At a dry cleaners site located in San Jose, California, the goal was to find a substrate that is long lasting and easily distributed into the saturated soils. After evaluating several alternatives, in situ bioremediation using an emulsified edible oil ...


    By True Blue Technologies, Inc.

  • Modeling the groundwater recharge in karst aquifers by using a reservoir model

    The estimation of the groundwater recharge in a karstic system becomes an important challenge due to the great hydrodynamic variability in both time and space. This paper proposes a two reservoir conceptual model to simulate inflow into both the conduit system and the fissure network system based on the analysis of the spring hydrograph. The structure of the model and the governing equations are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sensitivity of groundwater flow with respect to the drain–aquifer leakage coefficient

    Mitigation measures may be used to prevent soil and water pollution from waste disposal, landfill sites, septic or chemical storage tanks. Among them, drains and impervious barriers may be set up. The efficiency of this technique can be evaluated by means of groundwater modeling tools. The groundwater flow and the leakage drain–aquifer interactions are implemented in a conforming finite ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A refined groundwater flow model of the shallow aquifer in Tianjin Municipality, China

    The assembly of a groundwater flow model for the shallow aquifer in Tianjin Municipality is outlined in this paper. Tianjin Municipality was selected because of its complicated hydrogeological conditions and rich data, which could be used to test a refined groundwater flow model for the shallow aquifer. When a shallow groundwater flow model is being assembled its recharge and discharge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Aquifer storage & recovery

    Client: City of Wichita, Kansas  Completion Date: November 2001  Services Provided Program management Hydrogeological engineering Water quality monitoring Design criteria development Water accounting system Public information program Permitting agency reviews ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Redox conditions and groundwater quality issues of selected alluvial aquifers in Serbia

    Redox conditions are an important regulator of aqueous biogeochemistry and knowledge about them is crucial for an understanding of the fate and occurrence of nitrates, emerging substances, and organic compounds in shallow groundwater. The aim of this paper is to determine redox categories, along with prevailing redox processes, and the differences in groundwater quality between shallow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater Remediation

    Groundwater remediation or clean-up is required when concentrations of contaminants exceed or are expected to exceed predetermined levels for the type of resource that is impacted (Grossman et.al., 2008). For example, lead levels in drinking water should not exceed the EPA action level of 0.015 mg/L. What caused the high levels of lead? How can the lead be removed from the aquifer? (Grossman ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater Level Forecasting in a Shallow Aquifer Using Artificial Neural Network Approach

    Forecasting the ground water level fluctuations is an important requirement for planning conjunctive use in any basin. This paper reports a research study that investigates the potential of artificial neural network technique in forecasting the groundwater level fluctuations in an unconfined coastal aquifer in India. The most appropriate set of input variables to the model are selected through a ...


    By Springer

  • Recharge areas and geochemical evolution of groundwater in an alluvial aquifer system in the Sultanate of Oman

    A regional hydrogeochemical model was developed to evaluate the geochemical evolution of different groundwaters in an alluvial aquifer system in the Interior of Oman. In combination with environmental isotopes the model is able to extract qualitative and quantitative information about recharge, groundwater flow paths and hydraulic connections between different aquifers. The main source of water ...


    By Springer

  • Groundwater exploration

    This is a collection of various cases where the 2D resistivity imaging method pioneered by Advanced Geosciences Inc have been successfully ...


    By Advanced Geosciences, Inc.

  • Vertical disparity in electrical conductivity of groundwater: inferring water-bearing fractures in granitic aquifer

    A detailed study was conducted in hard rock terrain for delineating water-bearing fractures using electrical conductivity (EC) logs. The EC logs of groundwater were taken both in pre- and post-monsoon seasons of the year 2001; in 25 borewells in a small granitic watershed at an interval of 1 m right from the water table (though narrow spacing wherever required) till the depth to bottom of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sparta aquifer master plan

    Client: Union County Water Conservation Board Completion Date: 2004 Services Provided Hydrogeologic modeling Evaluate alternative supplies Aquifer storage and recovery Dam and reservoir Wastewater reuse River supply Conservation 65-MGD river intake ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • The age, distribution, and geochemical characteristics of groundwater in the Ordovician limestone aquifer in the Huaibei coalfield, China

    In this study, we collected 22 groundwater samples and supporting measurements from different coal-mining districts in the Huaibei coalfield to examine the age, hydro-chemical characteristics, and evolution of groundwater in the Ordovician limestone aquifer (OA). We determined the groundwater concentrations of major ions, stable isotopes (hydrogen and oxygen) and a radio isotope (14C). All the ...


    By IWA Publishing

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