aquifer heating Articles

  • The London aquifer

    The aquifer beneath London is subject to a considerable number of stresses including rising groundwater levels, abstraction sustainability, artificial recharge, saline intrusion, groundwater flooding, and the growth of ground source energy.  ESI has recently undertaken two key projects for the Environment Agency to aid the management of these pressures in a sustainable and cost effective ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • In Situ Dechlorination of TCE during Aquifer Heating

    Laboratory and field efforts were undertaken to examine trichloroethene (TCE) dechlorination as a function of temperature as an aquifer is heated to temperatures approaching boiling. Experiments were conducted using sediment samples and during electrical resistance heating (ERH) treatment at the East Gate Disposal Yard (Fort Lewis, Washington), which contains nonaqueous phase TCE and hydrocarbon ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • Storing Heat Underground

    Underground thermal energy storage (UTES) is a system that uses inter-seasonal heat storage, storing excess heat from the summer for use in winter heating, and the cooling potential from winter for cooling in summer. A cost-effective, low-energy and low-risk proven renewable technology, UTES reduces carbon emissions by up to 60% and is becoming an increasingly popular choice for residential, ...


    By Boode Waterwell Systems

  • Modelling of groundwater flow and heat transport

    Client: Transport for London Location: London Services: Groundwater Modelling Issues: Identifying the potential effects of pumping excess heat to the Chalk aquifer Summary: ESI was commissioned to test the feasibility of one of the possible solutions identified to prevent temperatures on the ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Environmental impacts of aquifer thermal energy storage investigated by field and laboratory experiments

    Aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) uses groundwater to store energy for heating or cooling purposes in the built environment. This paper presents field and laboratory results aiming to elucidate the effects that ATES operation may have on chemical groundwater quality. Field data from an ATES site in the south of the Netherlands show that ATES results in chemical quality perturbations due to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impacts of Shallow Geothermal Energy on Groundwater Quality

    The use of shallow geothermal energy (SGE) systems to acclimatize buildings has increased exponentially in the Netherlands and worldwide. In certain areas, SGE systems are constructed in aquifers also used for drinking water supply raising the question of potential groundwater quality impact. Impacts of Shallow Geothermal Energy on Groundwater Quality provides a hydrochemical and geomicrobial ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Opportunities for public water utilities in the market of energy from water

    An inventory is made of the possibilities to recover sustainable energy from the water cycle by identifying different water flows in a municipal environment as a sustainable energy source. It is discussed what role public water utilities should play in the market of energy from water. This is done for Waternet, the public water utility of Amsterdam, by describing experiences on two practical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hydrogeological and environmental impact assessment of a geothermal closed loop ground source energy installation

    ESI in Milan was approached to give support for designing one of the largest closed loop systems for heating and cooling in Europe.  The system was installed at the IKEA store in Corsico, Milan, with the need to provide some 1.4 MWth and covering thermal energy demand in the range from 40 to 100%.  The closed loop system is expected to save the Client over 500 t/y in CO2 ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Fort Wainwright - Fairbanks, Alaska - Case Study

    Project Summary A test of soil heating for cold climates was conducted at the West Quartermaster's Fueling System in Operable Unit 5 of Fort Wainwright near Fairbanks, Alaska. This site had experienced a release of gasoline and diesel fuel into a gravelly sand aquifer that flows into the Chena River. Three independent study sites were established: an unheated soil vapor extraction and ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • In Situ Thermal Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ thermal treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is ...

  • Thermally Enhanced Soil Vapor Extraction

    Introduction Thermally enhanced SVE is a full-scale technology that uses electrical resistance/electromagnetic/fiber optic/radio frequency heating or hot-air/steam injection to increase the volatilization rate of semi-volatiles and facilitate extraction. Thermally enhanced SVE is normally a short- to medium-term technology. Electrical Resistance Heating Electrical resistance heating uses ...

  • Case study - Using thermal storage systems to reduce carbon emissions

    Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) systems have the potential to provide a significant tool for climate change mitigation. Using aquifers as a source for thermal energy can provide heating and cooling for houses, offices and other buildings E-USE (aq). In comparison to the use of fossil fuels, as well as providing up to 60% CO2 reductions, these systems are also more cost effective. The ...


    By Climate-KIC

  • Feasibility study for ground source energy system at Parklands, Bristol

    WCR Investments Limited (WCR) appointed ESI Ltd to undertake an options appraisal for the installation of a carbon efficient and cost effective heating/cooling system for some new commercial office spaces that are being developed at the Parklands Site, Bristol. The main objectives were to assess the technical and economic feasibility of a Ground Source Energy system, based on an understanding of ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Extraterrestrial hydrogeology

    Subsurface water processes are common for planetary bodies in the solar system and are highly probable for exoplanets (planets outside the solar system). For many solar system objects, the subsurface water exists as ice. For Earth and Mars, subsurface saturated zones have occurred throughout their planetary histories. Earth is mostly clement with the recharge of most groundwater reservoirs from ...


    By Springer

  • Water Cycle

    The sun, which drives the water cycle, heats water in oceans and seas. Water evaporates as water vapor into the air. Ice and snow can sublimate directly into water vapor. Evapotranspiration is water transpired from plants and evaporated from the soil. Rising air currents take the vapor up into the atmosphere where cooler temperatures cause it to condense into clouds. Air currents move water vapor ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows ground water to be treated without being brought to the surface, resulting in significant cost savings. In situ treatment, however, generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the process is more ...

  • Modelling of an open loop ground source energy design

    Client: Max Fordham Consulting Engineers Location: London Services: Ground Source Energy Modelling Summary: An open loop ground source heating/cooling scheme is being developed for the redevelopment of the Tate Modern, located close to the River Thames.  ESI Ltd was instructeded by Max Fordham to construct a FEFLOW ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Properties and Behavior of Halogenated SVOCs

    An important consideration when evaluating a remedy is whether the compound is halogenated or nonhalogenated. A halogenated compound is one onto which a halogen ion(e.g., fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine) has been attached. The nature of the halogen bond and the halogen itself can significantly affect performance of a technology or require more extensive treatment than for nonhalogenated ...

  • Stormwater Management Improvements Spurred by Low Impact Development Techniques

    Abstract A concept first advanced in 19901, evidence of Low Impact Development (LID) can now be seen across North America. Like many infrastructure transformations, this growth in LID design has benefitted from regulatory changes; compliance versus cost remains an important motivator in any ...


    By Nilex

  • Vapor Intrusion: Risks and Challenges

    Vapor Intrusion (VI), defined as the migration of volatile contaminants from the subsurface into the indoor air of overlying buildings, is a major and challenging environmental issue for both regulators and the regulated community—one that continues to elicit heated debate among stakeholders. Eight factors associated with the VI pathway that contribute to its challenging nature are discussed ...

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