aquifer model Articles

  • The London aquifer

    The aquifer beneath London is subject to a considerable number of stresses including rising groundwater levels, abstraction sustainability, artificial recharge, saline intrusion, groundwater flooding, and the growth of ground source energy.  ESI has recently undertaken two key projects for the Environment Agency to aid the management of these pressures in a sustainable and cost effective ...


    By ESI Consulting Ltd

  • Mathematical modeling for solute transport in aquifer

    Groundwater pollution may occur due to human activities, industrial effluents, cemeteries, mine spoils, etc. This paper deals with one-dimensional mathematical modeling of solute transport in finite aquifers. The governing equation for solute transport by unsteady groundwater flow is solved analytically by the Laplace transform technique. Initially, the aquifer is subjected to the spatially ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling the groundwater recharge in karst aquifers by using a reservoir model

    The estimation of the groundwater recharge in a karstic system becomes an important challenge due to the great hydrodynamic variability in both time and space. This paper proposes a two reservoir conceptual model to simulate inflow into both the conduit system and the fissure network system based on the analysis of the spring hydrograph. The structure of the model and the governing equations are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sparta aquifer master plan

    Client: Union County Water Conservation Board Completion Date: 2004 Services Provided Hydrogeologic modeling Evaluate alternative supplies Aquifer storage and recovery Dam and reservoir Wastewater reuse River supply Conservation 65-MGD river intake ...


    By Burns & McDonnell

  • Optimal solute transport in heterogeneous aquifer: coupled inverse modelling

    Characterisation of transmissivity heterogeneity is critical for groundwater flow and solute transport. The heterogeneity of transmissivity is studied through variogram-based techniques. Conventionally, the parameters in variogram are obtained by fitting measurements to a theoretical variogram. However, conditioning to the sampled geological variables neglects the effects of observed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A refined groundwater flow model of the shallow aquifer in Tianjin Municipality, China

    The assembly of a groundwater flow model for the shallow aquifer in Tianjin Municipality is outlined in this paper. Tianjin Municipality was selected because of its complicated hydrogeological conditions and rich data, which could be used to test a refined groundwater flow model for the shallow aquifer. When a shallow groundwater flow model is being assembled its recharge and discharge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling biological Cr(VI) reduction in aquifer microcosm column systems

    Several chrome processing facilities in South Africa release hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) into groundwater resources. Pump-and-treat remediation processes have been implemented at some of the sites but have not been successful in reducing contamination levels. The current study is aimed at developing an environmentally friendly, cost-effective and self-sustained biological method to curb the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mapping of freshwater aquifers case study

    Big Pine Key, Florida The Nature Conservancy is coordinating investigations to document the physical and biological changes that will occur on small oceanic islands as a result of sea level rise. Big Pine Key, FL is one of the primary areas of investigation because of extensive previous work and that a large portion of the island is a National Wildlife Refuge and therefore not subject to ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • The application of groundwater modelling to simulate the behaviour of groundwater resources in the Ramhormooz Aquifer, Iran

    In this study, groundwater modelling was proposed as management tool in Ramhormooz Plain, south western Iran. After definition of a conceptual model, the necessary data were defined into various packages of MODFLOW. Subsequently, the model was calibrated by trial and error estimation and the results were finally optimised by PMWIN through PEST code. After verification process, the model was used ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Estimating contaminant-flushing rates for heterogeneous aquifers

    Groundwater remediation evaluations typically include cleanup time projections. Current batch flushing-rate equations and analytical models often used to estimate groundwater cleanup rates typically underestimate cleanup times, with a major factor the flawed assumption of aquifer homogeneity. Numerical modelling of groundwater flow and contaminant transport is a time-intensive and costly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Integration of an analytic element model in a stochastic analysis of infiltration into a complex unconfined aquifer system

    ABSTRACT A hydrologic model based on the Analytic Elements Method (AEM) has been developed for a phreatic aquifer in the General Separations Area (GSA), of the Savannah River Site (SRS), South Carolina, USA. The AEM is a semi-analytical method that relies on the superposition of individual closed-form solutions of elements representing the main hydrologic features of a site. Our study adopts ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mapping of freshwater aquifers by GeoView case study

    Big Pine Key, Florida The Nature Conservancy is studying the physical and biological changes that will occur on small oceanic islands as a result of sea level rise. Big Pine Key, Florida is one of the primary areas of investigation because of extensive previous work on the key and because a large portion of the island is a National Wildlife Refuge. As part of the investigation, GeoView ...


    By GeoView, Inc.

  • Field scale longitudinal dispersivities estimation in a karstic aquifer

    To simulate contaminant advective transport it is required to provide dispersivity values to the models, values that are unknown in many cases. In this paper a methodology is presented to estimate longitudinal dispersivities at field scale, based on the monitoring of groundwater quality at an unconfined aquifer that is below a waste disposal site with no liners for groundwater protection, and by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling present and future Po river interactions with alluvial aquifers (Low Po River Plain, Italy)

    A modelling study on a multi-layered confined/unconfined alluvial aquifer system was performed to quantify surface water/groundwater interactions. The calibrated groundwater flow model was used to forecast climate change impacts by implementing the results of a downscaled A1B model ensemble for the Po river valley. The modelled area is located in the north-western portion of the Ferrara Province ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimating the fates of organic contaminants in an aquifer using QSAR

    The quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) model, BIOWIN, was modified to more accurately estimate the fates of organic contaminants in an aquifer. The predictions from BIOWIN were modified to include oxidation and sorption effects. The predictive model therefore included the effects of sorption, biodegradation, and oxidation. A total of 35 organic compounds were used to validate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • DOD evaluates bioaugmentation for remediating low-pH aquifers

    The US Department of Defense (DOD) has completed pilot-scale work on the 'MAG-1' site at Fort Dix, NJ, to test suitability of anaerobic bioremediation for an aquifer with low pH. Project results will be used to design full-scale ground-water treatment at MAG-1. In addition, technical criteria gained from the demonstration will be integrated into DOD’s remediation strategy for its many facilities ...

  • A mixed-integer non-linear programming with surrogate model for optimal remediation design of NAPLs contaminated aquifer

    A mixed-integer non-linear programming (MINLP) with surrogate model was introduced to derive the optimal surfactant enhanced aquifer remediation (SEAR) process (remediation cost minimisation and removal rate maximisation) at a nitrobenzene-contaminated site. First, a 3D multi-phase flow simulation model was developed to simulate the SEAR process; using a radial basis function artificial neural ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Empirical Models of Pb and Cd Partitioning Using Data from 13 Soils, Sediments, and Aquifer Materials

    Lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) are two of the most common toxicants found in contaminated environments. Because solubilization of these metallic elements from the solid phase can influence their fate, transport and bioavailability, the partitioning coefficient (Kd) for these metals between environmental solids and natural waters is a key parameter needed for assessing the risks posed by these two ...

  • Numerical modeling of aquifer thermal energy efficiency under regional groundwater flow: a case study at Oslo Airport

    The main purpose of this paper is to present a robust forward model for simulating extraction and storage of thermal energy in an aquifer. The model is a local three-dimensional finite element model with boundary conditions derived from an analytic large-scale model based on the regional water balance. Numerical investigations and thermo-hydraulic evaluation of a typical dipole ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stochastic simulation of groundwater dynamics based on grey theory and seasonal decomposition model in a coastal aquifer of South China

    Accurate and reliable prediction of groundwater level is a critical component in coastal water management. It is important to find a suitable model with acceptable accuracy. This paper presents a comparative study with seasonal decomposition method of time series analysis and GM (1,1) method, which are applied to test the model accuracy by simulating groundwater levels of two representative ...


    By IWA Publishing

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