aquifer sampling Articles

  • Virus Transport Experiments in a Sandy Aquifer

    Abstract  The occurrence of human enteric viruses in ground water has been well documented in the literature. Bacteriophages such as MS-2 and PRD1 have properties similar to pathogenic human viruses suggesting that bacteriophages can be used as proxies for virus transport. The objective of this study is to investigate a “worst case scenario” for virus transport in a ground water aquifer, ...


  • Identification of Naegleria fowleri in warm ground water aquifers

    Received for publication February 16, 2009. The free-living amoeba Naegleria fowleri was identified as the etiological agent of primary amoebic meningoencephalitis that caused the deaths of two children in Peoria, Arizona, in autumn of 2002. It was suspected that the source of N. fowleri was the domestic water supply, which originates from ground water sources. In this study, ground water from ...

  • The chemical evolution of groundwater in the Kerman plain aquifer, Iran

    A comprehensive hydrogeochemical study was carried out in the Kerman Plain Aquifer, Iran. Groundwater samples were collected from 58 sites. Groundwater was analysed for major constituents (Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Cl−, SO42− HCO3−. Different methods including composite diagrams, saturation indices and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparison of Reducing Agents for Dechlorination in a Simulated Aquifer (PDF)

    A simulated aquifer system (Aquifer Simulation Vessel – ASV) was used to study the efficacy of various reducing agents to assist microbial dechlorination. The soil samples are homogenized and the soil is packed into 6.0-foot long tubes with an internal diameter of 5.75 inches. Flow rates can be calibrated for flow at 0.1 to 2.0 feet/day. The system has a volume of 2025.44 in3.  A solution of ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Vertical microbiological variation of a coastal aquifer in southern China

    Microbial communities in a coastal aquifer in the Zhuhai region of southern China were investigated by culture-independent molecular approaches. Four 16S rRNA gene libraries of three groundwater samples from varied depths and one seawater sample were constructed and analysed by the amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis technique (ARDRA). The phylogenetic analysis indicated that the 16S ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • DOD evaluates bioaugmentation for remediating low-pH aquifers

    The US Department of Defense (DOD) has completed pilot-scale work on the 'MAG-1' site at Fort Dix, NJ, to test suitability of anaerobic bioremediation for an aquifer with low pH. Project results will be used to design full-scale ground-water treatment at MAG-1. In addition, technical criteria gained from the demonstration will be integrated into DOD’s remediation strategy for its many facilities ...

  • Arsenic geochemistry in a biostimulated aquifer: An aqueous speciation study

    Stimulating microbial growth through the use of acetate injection wells at the former uranium mill site in Rifle, Colorado, USA, has been shown to decrease dissolved uranium (VI) concentrations through bacterial reduction to immobile uranium (IV). Bioreduction also changed the redox chemistry of site groundwater, altering the mobility of several other redox‐sensitive elements present in the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Controlling factors of groundwater hydrochemistry in a small island’s aquifer

    Abstract: Factor analysis was applied to the hydrochemical data set of Manukan Island in order to extract the principal factors corresponding to the different sources of variation in the hydrochemistry. The application of varimax rotation was to ensure the clear definition of the main sources of variation in the hydrochemistry. The geochemical data of dissolved major, minor and trace ...

  • In Situ Dechlorination of TCE during Aquifer Heating

    Laboratory and field efforts were undertaken to examine trichloroethene (TCE) dechlorination as a function of temperature as an aquifer is heated to temperatures approaching boiling. Experiments were conducted using sediment samples and during electrical resistance heating (ERH) treatment at the East Gate Disposal Yard (Fort Lewis, Washington), which contains nonaqueous phase TCE and hydrocarbon ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • The variation of stygofauna along a gradient of salinization in a coastal aquifer

    We examined the variation of stygofauna composition collected in wells, along a gradient in groundwater salinity/conductivity in a coastal aquifer from southern Portugal. The studied coastal aquifer is considered vulnerable to salinization due to seawater intrusion, caused by overexploitation of the aquifer. Knowing the response of the stygofauna species to present levels of groundwater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Natural background levels for chemicals in Icelandic aquifers

    Information about natural background levels (NBLs) of chemicals in source waters allows water utilities to identify trends in drinking water contamination. We estimate NBLs for chemicals in source waters for Icelandic water utilities at both national levels with all data pooled, and according to geological regime. NBLs were derived by collecting samples from 79 aquifers considered largely ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of water qualities and evidence of seawater intrusion in a deep confined aquifer: case of the coastal Djeffara aquifer (Southern Tunisia)

    Geochemical analyses of groundwater samples from the Djeffara confined aquifer (Southern Tunisia) were performed. The distribution of saline waters was investigated to identify the origin of the groundwater contamination. The aquifer was shown to be affected by an abnormal increase in groundwater salinity. Near the recharge zone, the groundwater salinity does not exceed 2.5 g l−1 but ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling biological Cr(VI) reduction in aquifer microcosm column systems

    Several chrome processing facilities in South Africa release hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) into groundwater resources. Pump-and-treat remediation processes have been implemented at some of the sites but have not been successful in reducing contamination levels. The current study is aimed at developing an environmentally friendly, cost-effective and self-sustained biological method to curb the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reclaimed Water Aquifer Storage and Recovery: Potential Changes in Water Quality

    Aquifer storage recovery (ASR) operations recharge and recover water through the same well or wells, creating a “bubble” of stored water that typically mixes minimally with ambient groundwater once the storage zone has been developed. Because ASR recharge water does not flow through a vadose zone and is not drawn through an aquifer to a distant point of withdrawal, changes in water quality that ...

  • Bacteriological assessment of aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) water in southwest coastal Bangladesh

    Safe drinking water is scarce in southwest coastal Bangladesh. Harvested rainwater and rain-fed pond water are the main sources of drinking water for people living in this area. Both government and non-government organizations are promoting aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) schemes to provide safe drinking water for this population. This study assessed the bacteriological quality of both ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimal solute transport in heterogeneous aquifer: coupled inverse modelling

    Characterisation of transmissivity heterogeneity is critical for groundwater flow and solute transport. The heterogeneity of transmissivity is studied through variogram-based techniques. Conventionally, the parameters in variogram are obtained by fitting measurements to a theoretical variogram. However, conditioning to the sampled geological variables neglects the effects of observed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water quality management of aquifer recharge using advanced tools

    Managed aquifer recharge (MAR) with recycled water or other alternative resources is one of the most rapidly growing techniques that is viewed as a necessity in water-short areas. In order to better control health and environmental effects of MAR, this paper presents two case studies demonstrating how to improve water quality, enable reliable tracing of injected water and better control and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Why can’t I control the pH of my aquifer? - pH and Acidity are not the same

    Acidity is the amount of base required to neutralize acids present in a water sample. This is important because it determines the amount of buffer required to adjust aquifer pH. Since acids can disassociate to different extents, two solutions with the same pH can have different acidities. The figure to the right shows the pH of solutions containing 0.5 N HCl and 1.0 N acetic acid. The initial pH ...


    By EOS Remediation, LLC

  • Redox conditions and groundwater quality issues of selected alluvial aquifers in Serbia

    Redox conditions are an important regulator of aqueous biogeochemistry and knowledge about them is crucial for an understanding of the fate and occurrence of nitrates, emerging substances, and organic compounds in shallow groundwater. The aim of this paper is to determine redox categories, along with prevailing redox processes, and the differences in groundwater quality between shallow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Technical Bulletin: Multilevel Sampling

    The topic of this CL:AIRE Technical Bulletin is multilevel sampling systems for characterising contaminated groundwater. Contaminated groundwater can present considerable problems for landowners: it can occur at significant depth, sources of the contamination are not often obvious, it can migrate from one property to another, and groundwater flow directions can be altered due to seasonal ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

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