aquifer testing Articles

  • Abandon Well Contaminate Aquifer

    This article points out the magnitude of this urgent issue.  An abandoned well becomes an opening into an aquifer which is likely to introduce contamination.  Filling it in is a critical component of protecting the well water supply.  Click here to read the ...

  • Bioremediation of chlorinated phenols with INTEROX® case study

    The mass balance enabed the evaluation of the individual contribution of the flushing and the biodegradation processes to the global remediation. Initially, flushing was the main process of remediation. After the deveopment of in situ conditions favorab e for the aerobic biodegradation, the main process of contamination remova is bioremediation contributing for 71% to the global contaminant ...


    By Solvay

  • Bioremediation of 1,2-dichloroethane with INTEROX® case study

    At a chemica plant in a harbour area, the surface aquifer was contaminated with 1,2-dichoroethane (1,2-DCEa) which had to be remediated. Site characterisation, and laboratory tests demonstrated that oxygen was the limiting factor for the insitu biodegradation of 1,2-DCEa. The remedial strategy was based on flushing with simuftaneous aerobic biodegradation enhancement. Biodegradation was stimuated ...


    By Solvay

  • Transmissivity and storage coefficient estimation by coupling the Cooper–Jacob method and modified fuzzy least-squares regression

    Traditionally the Cooper–Jacob equation is used to determine the transmissivity and the storage coefficient for an aquifer using pump test results. This model, however, is a simplified version of the actual subsurface and does not allow for analysis of the uncertainty that comes from a lack of knowledge about the heterogeneity of the environment under investigation. In this paper, a modified ...


    By ENVIRON

  • Water quality dependence on the depth of the vadose zone in SAT-simulated soil columns

    ABSTRACTThree soil aquifer treatment (SAT) columns were operated for five months to investigate the dependence of the treated water quality upon the depth of unsaturated vadose zone in terms of its organics, nitrogen and phosphorus contents. It was found that DOC removal was independent of the unsaturated vadose zone depth except during the initial flooding period when the effluent was injected ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Permeable Adsorbing Barriers for groundwater remediation from hexavalent chrome pollution

    Chrome ions removal from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto an activated carbon (Aquacarb 207EA by Sutcliffe Carbon) and a South African coal char is illustrated. Different chrome concentrations, pH and salinity levels are tested. Experimental data are interpreted by means of a Langmuir approach-based model. Results show that a Permeable Adsorbing Barrier (PAB) made of Aquacarb 207EA can ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Numerical evaluation of pumping well transmissivity estimates in laterally heterogeneous formations

    Transmissivity estimates derived from non-steady-state, single well, constant discharge, aquifer tests in laterally heterogeneous environments generally are questioned relative to their representativeness of aquifer conditions. Drawdown in pumping wells reflects the removal of water from storage in the aquifer and transient refraction of groundwater path-lines during the evolution of a ...


    By Springer

  • AquaNES: Microbiological monitoring of reused waste water for irrigation of a golf course in Agon-Countainville, France - Case Study

    The Site 9 of the AquaNES project in Agon-Countainville (France) uses secondary effluent after reed bed and sand dune filtration for golf course irrigation in a coastal area. The underlying aquifer is prone to salinization. The study of Agon-Countainville site will demonstrate how innovative water quality monitoring and modelling linked to data management and communication, facilitates an ...

  • Successful Pilot Test Results in Full-Scale Treatment of Large BTEX Plume

    CASE SUMMARYRefueling Station – Algonquin, IL Leaking underground storage tanks at a refueling station resulted in a benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) plume in the underlying sand/gravel aquifer. The plume covered 1-acre and extended 390 feet downgradient from the source area, with a total BTEX concentration exceeding 24,000 parts per billion (ppb). In an ...


    By Regenesis

  • Migration and transformation characteristics of DOM in fine sand and marl rock

    This paper mainly studied migration and transformation characteristics of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in underground aquifers. To achieve the research purpose, we carried out the dynamic column experiments of the DOM at different conditions indoors. In the experiment, the water of Wujiang River from Pingdingshan Coal-field is used as water sample, meanwhile, fine sand and marl rock are used ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tracer test and behavior of selected pharmaceuticals

    Study of the behavior and transport of pharmaceuticals in groundwater is significant for understanding the processes of natural attenuation and potential use of filtration through the aquifer to evaluate the most effective way to remove pharmaceuticals that occur under anthropogenic influence. This paper presents the results of a field experiment at the location of the drainage system of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing transmissivity from specific capacity in an alluvial aquifer in the middle Venetian plain (NE Italy)

    Defining aquifer permeability distribution accurately over large areas is often debated in hydrogeology. The operational efforts to calculate hydraulic conductivity with classical aquifer tests are significant; however, accurate knowledge of permeability areal distribution is fundamental both from a hydrogeological and a modeling standpoint. This paper presents an empirical relationship between ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimal groundwater management using state-space surrogate models: a case study for an arid coastal region

    A surrogate modeling framework is developed in this study to circumvent the computational burden of high-fidelity numerical groundwater models for arid coastal aquifers. Two different surrogate models, namely, artificial neural network (ANN) and Gaussian process model (GPM) are trained to replace the computationally expensive numerical flow and transport model OpenGeoSys. A novel time-dependent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • HRC Treats TNT at a DoD Site

    Site Summary West Virginia Ordnance Works (WVOW) was a trinitrotoluene (TNT) manufacturing facility from 1942-1945 and used 12 TNT production lines. The production of TNT resulted in soil and groundwater contamination adjacent to the manufacturing building. The majority of the contamination was found within the shallow aquifer which consists of tight clays. Alternative options included insitu ...


    By Regenesis

  • TCE/Fractured Bedrock Remediation in VA

    Site Summary At a manufacturing facility HRC was injected into a crystalline bedrock aquifer contaminated with TCE and its daughter products. Groundwater flow at this site is controlled by fractures in the crystalline rock with little or no permeability present beyond these fractures. The industrial facility had been in operation for over 30 years. Contamination levels reached 220 ppb of TCE so ...


    By Regenesis

  • A refined groundwater flow model of the shallow aquifer in Tianjin Municipality, China

    The assembly of a groundwater flow model for the shallow aquifer in Tianjin Municipality is outlined in this paper. Tianjin Municipality was selected because of its complicated hydrogeological conditions and rich data, which could be used to test a refined groundwater flow model for the shallow aquifer. When a shallow groundwater flow model is being assembled its recharge and discharge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An area matching process to estimate the hydraulic parameters using transient constant-head test data

    A new parameter estimation methodology was established for the interpretation of the transient constant-head test to identify the hydrogeological parameters of an aquifer. The proposed method, referred as the area matching process (AMP), is based on linking the field data to the theoretical type curve through a unique area computed above these curves bounded by a user specified integration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterisation of arsenic contamination in groundwater by statistical methods

    Statistical investigation on groundwater arsenic concentration data of southwest Bangladesh was performed. Two data sets of 1998–99 and 2002–03 were selected for this analysis. Summary statistics of the data shows that the mean concentration exceeds the Bangladesh limit (0.05 mg/l) in all areas. Normality of arsenic concentration data was checked by frequency histogram, skewness coefficient and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Inverse Green element evaluation of source strength and concentration in groundwater contaminant transport

    Evaluating pollution sources from limited concentration data of their contaminant plumes in groundwater systems is an inverse problem that presents computational challenges because of its ill-posedness. In this work, the Green element method (GEM) is used to solve inverse contaminant transport problems in 2-D orthotropic homogeneous aquifers. The GEM discretization of the differential equation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Transport of enterococci and F+ coliphage through the saturated zone of the beach aquifer

    Coastal groundwater has been implicated as a source of microbial pollution to recreational beaches. However, there is little work investigating the transport of fecal microbes through beach aquifers where waters of variable salinity are present. In this study, the potential for fecal indicator organisms enterococci (ENT) and F+ coliphage to be transported through marine beach aquifers was ...


    By IWA Publishing

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