arsenic exposure risk Articles

  • A Trace of Arsenic

    The cans of baby formula invaded Brian Jackson’s Dartmouth College lab late in 2010. His team picked up an armful of popular brands at the food co-op in Hanover, N.H. Then another armload. Eventually Jackson had a cabinet full of the brightly labeled canisters. Today, he still keeps a few in his office. Not as clutter — that’s not his style. He just likes to keep his toxicology ...


    By Freytech Inc.

  • Arsenic Exposure and Childhood CancerA Systematic Review of the Literature

    The literature on environmental arsenic exposure and childhood cancer risk comprises 1) studies seeking childhood cancers among arsenic-exposed populations, 2) studies seeking arsenic exposure among childhood cancer cases, and 3) studies seeking associations in populations with both arsenic exposures and childhood cancer cases. No skin cancers were found in dermal examinations of over 25,000 ...

  • Arsenic and Bladder Cancer: Observations and Suggestions

    Arsenic from drinking water is a well-known risk factor for bladder cancer. The purpose of this paper is to systematize some important yet often overlooked facts considering the relationship between arsenic exposure and the occurrence of bladder cancer. Since the exposure to inorganic arsenic from food, inhaled air, and skin absorption as well as arsenic methylation ability are not fully ...

  • Potential for arsenic contamination of rice in Bangladesh: spatial analysis and mapping of high risk areas

    Knowledge of the location and severity of arsenic contamination in Bangladesh is required to develop land and resource management strategies to reduce human exposure to arsenic and arsenic contamination of food and water supplies. Potential high risk areas for arsenic contamination of rice were identified using spatial analysis and modelling. Existing country-wide data on groundwater arsenic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Determination of arsenic in baby foods and fruit juices by GFAAS

    The United States does not have specific regulations specifying the allowable levels of toxic elements in foods, but many other countries do. For example, Canada has a specific tolerance level for arsenic of 0.1 ppm in ready to serve fruit juices, nectars, and beverages1. The toxic nature of arsenic is such that chronic exposure to the element can lead to internal cancers of the bladder and ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • Speciation of five arsenic compounds in urine by HPLC/ICP-MS

    High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to an ICP-MS has become an invaluable analytical tool for the determinations of trace levels of individual arsenic compounds (speciation). Speciation of arsenic is used to improve our knowledge of arsenic’s biochemical interactions and to evaluate toxicity risks. The toxicity and bioavailability of arsenic is highly dependent on form or ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • Mode of Action and Growth Toxicity of Arsenic to Tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus Can Be Determined Bioenergetically

    Abstract  We present a bioenergetics-based approach to analyze the chronic effects and growth toxicity mode of action in tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus exposed to waterborne As and to predict fish growth under different exposure scenarios. 7-day exposure bioassays showed that tilapia accumulate As when exposed to waterborne As. We conducted growth bioassays to assess chronic As toxicity to ...


    By Springer

  • Exposure assessment of metal intakes from drinking water relative to those from total diet in Japan

    Daily intakes of 17 metals (boron, aluminium, chromium, manganese, nickel, copper, zinc, arsenic, selenium, molybdenum, cadmium, antimony, lead, uranium, magnesium, calcium, and iron) via drinking water and total diet were investigated in six cities in Japan. The daily metal intakes were estimated and compared with tolerable daily intake (TDI) values proposed by the WHO or Joint FAO/WHO Expert ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of Metals, Metalloids, and Ash Mixture Toxicity Using Sediment Toxicity Testing

    In December 2008, a release of 4.1 million m3 of coal ash from the Tennessee Valley Authority Kingston Fossil plant occurred. Ash washed into the Emory River and migrated downstream into the Clinch and Tennessee Rivers. A Baseline Ecological Risk Assessment evaluated risks to ecological receptors from ash in the river system post‐dredging. This paper describes the approach used and results ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • National Petroleum Reserve Site (Occidental Petroleum Co.) - case study

    Investigation, remediation, and closure activities Elk Hills, Central California The Summary We've helped establish a statistical methodology using soil data to evaluate and develop a site-specific background concentration for metals that are naturally occurring above screening criteria, but also may be present due to historical site ...


    By AlterEcho

  • Brownfield investigation and remediation for a former foundry and dyeworks

    Client: Confidential Location: Manchester, UK   Services: Contaminated Land Site Investigation, Human Health Risk Assessment, Remediation Supervision and Validation, Landfill Tax Exemption Report   Summary: ESI’s site investigation, risk assessment and remediation validation allowed the maximum land ...

  • Environment and Health

    Public concerns, evidence from research and increasing scientific knowledge are all driving widespread discussions on environment and health problems. The issue of environment and health is characterised by multi-causality with different strengths of association. This means that the links between exposures and their health consequences depend on the environmental pollutants and diseases being ...

  • Real-Time Measurement of Outdoor Tobacco Smoke Particles

    ABSTRACT The current lack of empirical data on outdoor tobacco smoke (OTS) levels impedes OTS exposure and risk assessments.  We sought to measure peak ...

  • Air quality in Europe - 2014 report

    Despite considerable improvements in the past decades, Europe is still far from achieving levels of air quality that do not pose unacceptable risks to humans and the environment. Air pollution is the top environmental risk factor of premature death in Europe; it increases the incidence of a wide range of diseases and has several environmental impacts, damaging vegetation and ecosystems. This ...

  • The leading cause of death in developing countries might surprise you

    What’s the leading cause of death in low- and middle-income countries? A.  malnutrition and undernutrition B.  tuberculosis, malaria & HIV/AIDS C.  pollution If you guessed “C,” you got it. Exposures to polluted soil, water and air (both household and ambient) killed 8.4 million people in these countries in 2012. Another statistic worth ...


    By Ensia

  • Management of Hazardous Wastes

    ' Management of hazardous waste is a growing concern in many countries. The long-term impacts and costs of improper disposal can be very high and the emphasis must be on prevention. A comprehensive management system should include (i) policies, institutions and effective regulations and (ii) adequate and acceptable disposal facilities (either public or private). This note outlines the key ...


    By The World Bank

  • Portable lead analyzer to locate source of lead

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sources of lead in the environment in children with elevated blood, with the help of a Field Portable X-Ray ...

  • One by one, states are giving consumers the right to know about chemicals in products

    From Vermont to Washington, an increasing number of states are requiring companies to report their use of chemicals of concern When evidence started to mount a few years ago around the adverse health effects of bisphenol A, an endocrine-disrupting chemical that’s used in many plastics, the marketplace took note. Companies found themselves under pressure to stop using BPA ...


    By Ensia

  • Air quality in Europe — 2015 report

    Air pollution is both an environmental and a social problem, as it leads to a multitude of adverse effects on human health, ecosystems, the built environment and the climate. Air pollution poses the single largest environmental health risk in Europe today. Air pollutants are emitted from anthropogenic and natural sources; they may be transported or formed over long distances; and they may affect ...

  • 2011 Predictions for EPA`s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention

    The Acta Group, L.L.C.'s (Acta) thoughts are below on what may be headed our way in 2011 from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP). In short, the general trends established by the Obama Administration during the past two years are expected to continue notwithstanding the 2010 election results. At the same time, the impact of ...


    By Acta Group

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