astm biodiesel Articles

  • Comparison of EN 14078 and ASTM D7371 infrared biodiesel methods

    Infrared (IR) analysis is the most widely used measurement technology for measuring biodiesel in diesel. Both EN 14078 and ASTM D7371 methods use infrared as the analytical method and more specifically FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared) spectroscopy. Infrared is a common spectroscopic technique used for quantitative and qualitative analysis. In the biodiesel measurement, the fatty acid methyl ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Mid-infrared analysis of biodiesel

    The biodiesel industry is growing rapidly. and so is the need for analysis 10 ensure quality product and keep biodiesel in good standing. Biodiesellhat has residual glycerin, glycer· ides, or inorganic salts from the production process can cause problems such as Iilter plugging and injector coking in a diesel engine. The biodiesel blend ralio also can affect cold weather performance, lax ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Get Comparable ASTM/EN Data for Biodiesel Blend Measurements While Saving Time and Money using Portable IR Analyzers

    Both EN 14078 and ASTM D7371 methods for measuring the percent biodiesel in diesel fuel use infrared analysis as the analytical method and are based around using an FTIR spectrometer which has the capability to do a multitude of analyses besides the biodiesel in diesel measurement. This is great for a laboratory where various biofuels measurements are required. However, if the only measurement ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Comparison of infrared biodiesel measurement methods - An overview of ASTM-approved methods and those under consideration

    There are several options for measuring the amount of biodie-sel in diesel fuel. Methods EN 14078 and AS'lTvI D7371 are more amenable to laboratory testing although wailing for an off-site laboratory to perform the test can take several hours to several days. For a driver whose truck has just been loaded for a delivery, any wail is too long. Other options for more simplified on-site testing that ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • InfraSpec VFA-IR Spectrometer for Biodiesel Blend Measurements

    Synopsis: Simple, yet powerful, filter-based IR spectrometers are ideal for compliance to the new ASTM 7861 test method for accurately measuring biodiesel blend ratios. The Wilks InfraSpec analyzer was the instrument used to develop and validate this method and thus is the industry standard for field measurement of FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) blend percentages. ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Biodiesel Analysis with Mid Infrared - From Feedstock to Fuel

    Introduction The biofuels industry is growing rapidly and so is the need for analysis to ensure quality product. The parameters for quality biodiesel require different types of instruments and measurement systems, such as gas chromatographs (GC), titrators, centrifuges, infrared spectrometers... Although claims are out there for the analyzer that will do it all, unfortunately there is no one ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Production of biodiesel from pentaclethra macrophylla seed oil

    In the present work, the potentials of pentaclethra macrophylla (Africa oil bean) seed oil (PMSO) are evaluated for the first time as a feedstock for biodiesel. Methyl (PMFAME) and ethyl (PMFAEE) esters of PMSO were produced by standard transesterification procedure using potassium hydroxide (KOH) as catalyst and their qualities determined. Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS) runs of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Lower Resolution Infrared (IR) Spectroscopy Can Provide Higher Performance for Quantitative Biodiesel Measurements

    Resolution is often used as a yardstick of instrument performance in Infrared Spectroscopy.  This is especially true when the measurements are energy limited as they are in the mid-infrared.  For example, in both the European and ASTM standards - EN14078 and ASTM D7371 - for the determination of biodiesel in diesel fuel, a 4 cm-1 resolution is specified which is a relatively high ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Biodiesel production from high FFA crude rice bran oil and investigation on its properties as CI engine fuel

    This study is an attempt to convert high free fatty acid (FFA) crude rice bran oil (CRBO) into biodiesel and to evaluate whether the biodiesel obtained meets the biodiesel quality standards prescribed by ASTM D 6751-07b. CRBO was subjected to a two-step transesterification process using HCl and NaOH as acid and base catalyst respectively with a 15% v/v of methanol to oil ratio. This process ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of environmental impact and gaseous emissions of biodiesel fuels and blends of selected feed-stocks

    Thermal and gaseous emissions of biodiesel feed-stocks: sandbox tree, fluted pumpkin, black date and wild melon whose potentials as biodiesel fuels have been established in the earlier works of Igbum et al. (2012) were evaluated in order to ascertain and establish their environmental and emission impacts on the local and global environment. Effects of blending ratios on the thermal/gaseous ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development and measured performance of a batch reactor for biodiesel production from fresh and waste vegetable oils

    The development and measured performance of a batch reactor for biodiesel production from fresh and waste vegetable oils as feedstock is presented. A biodiesel batch reactor was fabricated using locally sourced materials. Three different transesterification reactions were performed on the feedstocks using the fabricated reactor. The reaction temperature and time were varied for the fresh and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biodiesel production from crude oil of Jatropha curcas and Pongamia pinnata by transesterification process

    The present study is aimed to produce biodiesel from non-edible oil sources such as crude oil of Jatropha curcas and Pongamia pinnata by transesterification process which can occur at different temperatures (45°C to 70°C), depending on the oil used. For the transesterification of J. curcas oil (methanol 15% of oil and 12 g NaOH/litre), the reaction was studied with different temperatures. It was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Empirical approach for the prediction of cetane number from the FAME composition

    Cetane number is a prime indicator in evaluating the quality of biodiesel fuel in the realm of diesel engines. Standards have been established world wide for cetane number determination, for example, ASTM D 613 in the USA, internationally, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard ISO 5165, etc. These methods are usually arduous and expensive; the values obtained are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simplified biofuels measurements with portable mid infrared analyzers

    Product quality begins at the production facility and extends to consumer filling station. Some process control or quality verification analyses can be done with quick and simple verification tests while others require more complete tests according to the ASTM or EN approved methods. Many crucial measurements can be performed by mid-infrared (IR) analysis. These measurements include free fatty ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • In situ transesterification of non–edible oil in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide

    In situ transesterification of Jatropha curcas l. seed with base catalysed alcohol in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTMAB) as phase transfer catalyst (PTC) was investigated. The yield of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) increased from 49.7 w% to 89.2 w% in the presence of CTMAB as PTC at 240 minutes of reaction time. Similarly, the yield of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Investigation of fatty acid methyl esters in jet fuel

    Sustainable aviation fuels research has considerable momentum in efforts lead by government, academia and industry. Environmentally sound domestic fuels allow significant benefits, while also creating some challenges due to their novelty. One of these challenges is the cross contamination of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) in biodiesel with jet fuels. It was suspected that sharing the same supply ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fuel alternatives for heavy equipment

    High fuel prices are leading composters and wood grinders to reevaluate diesel-guzzling heavy equipment, looking to alternatives that are both more cost-efficient and environmentally friendly. This could be as “simple” as filling up existing machines with biodiesel blends, could involve swapping out a diesel model for an electric one, or even go as far as generating electricity on site to power ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Cetane Number and Cetane Index

    This article summarises the findings of an Energy Institute (EI) sponsored Technical Development Project carried out by Cliff Lilley Consultancy, and outlines a review of the suitability of the current cetane index equation used in IP 380 Calculation of Cetane Index of middle distillates by the fourvariable equation (EN ISO 4264) (ASTM D 4737 procedure A**) for calculating Cetane Index (CI), to ...


    By Energy Institute (EI)

  • Comparing TGA, FTIR and fixed filter infrared analyzers for measuring soot levels in in-service lubricants

    Measuring soot in diesel engine oil has become more important as soot levels get higher due to exhaust gas recirculation. As soot isone of the key indicators for the condition of the oil, diesel engine maintenance programs performing regular soot checks can realize cost savings by extending drain periods and reducing used oil disposal. TGA (Thermal Gravimetric Analysis) is the traditional method ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Taking Fossil Fuels to the Next Level - Standards Underpin Extraction, Processing and Distribution

    To the average person, the oil and gas industry may appear simple — a matter of literally tapping into a natural resource and distributing it to customers. Of course the matter of extraction is rarely simple, and in the case of emergent hydraulic fracturing technology, it is particularly complex and capital-intensive. In fact, the world of petroleum and natural gas extraction, distribution ...


    By ASTM International

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you