ASTM method Articles

  • Maximum Dry Density of Cohesionless Soils by Pluviation and by ASTM D 4253-83: A Comparative Study

    Maximum dry densities of a variety of granular soils, ranging from silty sand to sandy gravel (Dmax = 9.5 mm), were determined by ASTM Test Methods for Maximum Index Density of Soils Using a Vibrating Table (D 4253-83) and by pluviation. The effects of various test conditions during pluviation were also investigated. The pluviation method offers several advantages compared to that of the ASTM ...


    By ASTM International

  • In compliance with the ASTM D 4294-08 method at low concentrations of sulfur in diesel.

    This application note show the excellent performance of Xenemetrix EDXRF benchtop analyzers X-Calibur and S-Mobile for ultra low sulfur in diesel determinations according to the requirements of the ASTM method D4294-08.The applicable concentration range of the ASTM method is from 17.0 ppm to 4.6 mass%.  This  note show the performance at the very low concentration end ...


    By Xenemetrix Ltd.

  • Determination of Selected ASTM Perfluorinated Compounds (PFCs) Using LC-MS/MS

    ASTM methods D7968-14 and D7979-15 are used to determine the same list of PFCs but in different matrices. ASTM method D7968-14 lists soil as a matrix while ASTM method 7979-15 lists water, sludge, influent, effluent and waste water as matrix options. These methods use different extraction techniques but both evaluate the samples by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). We ...

  • Comparison of two standard odor intensity evaluation methods for odor problems in air or water

    Government agencies responsible for ensuring healthful water and/or air quality are often faced with resolving public complaints of nuisance odors. Understanding variations in odor intensity may ultimately lead to the establishment and application by such agencies of quantitative limits for effective odorant control. An odor panel was trained in suprathreshold odor intensity evaluation using ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quantification of Ultra Low Sulfur in Diesel by Xray Fluorescence

    ASTM International has developed a number of testing methods for determination of sulfur content that focus on a variety of analyzer technologies but ASTM Method D4294 is the one that focuses on the use of energy dispersive x-ray fluorescence (EDXRF); which offers a relatively low cost analysis method that achieves fast results with limited sample preparation.  The applicable ...

  • Evaluation of Fill Compaction

    Compaction was evaluated of existing fills at seven sites. The field densities were evaluated with three different techniques. These techniques included: (1) the sand-cone method, ASTM D 1556; (2) the drive-cylinder method, ASTM D 2937; and (3) a smaller version of drive cylinder that was driven manually into the ground. Two comparisons were made: between sand cone and drive cylinder (ASTM D ...


    By ASTM International

  • Moisture Content and Density of Smectites

    The measured density of smectites, using ASTM Test Method for Specific Gravity of Soils (D 854) and ASTM Method for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil, Rock, and Soil-Aggregate Mixtures (D 2216), vary as a function of heating temperature and time. For example, the measured moisture content of air-dry Otay bentonite, heated to 110°C, varied from 16.48% moisture to 19.0% ...


    By ASTM International

  • New ASTM Test Method Offers Quick and Easy Oil and Grease Measurement for Water and Soil Samples

    Onsite Field Measurement of Oil and Grease A quick and easy field analysis method for determining oil and grease concentration levels is important for both offshore oil platforms and soil remediation sites.. Prior to the Montreal Protocol, infrared (IR) analysis using Freon as an extraction solvent was a widely used field and laboratory method. In 1999, the U.S. EPA promulgated Method 1664A ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Case study for cement field

    Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) can play a vital role in this industry by giving accurate analytical results in a short time.  ASTM C-114 is the test method used for the analysis of hydraulic cements. .  The overview of Jordan Valley’s EX-3600M (EDXRF) spectrometer analysis of the major elements in cement and compliance with ASTM Method C-114 will be described in this article.  ...


    By Xenemetrix Ltd.

  • Predicting toxicity to Hyalella azteca in pyrogenic‐impacted sediments – Do we need to analyze for all 34 PAHs?

    PAHs are major drivers of risk at many urban/industrialized sediment sites. The USEPA currently recommends using measurements of 18 parent + 16 groups of alkylated PAHs (PAH‐34) to assess the potential for sediment‐bound PAHs to impact benthic organisms at these sites. ASTM Method D7363‐13 was developed to directly measure low‐level sediment pore water PAH concentrations. These concentrations ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Suggested Modifications to ASTM Standard Methods When Testing Arid, Saline Soils

    Arid, saline soils are residual in nature, highly cemented, and formed in hot, arid environments. The presence of soluble and insoluble salts affects the geotechnical properties of these soils. Techniques used to determine the properties of these soils should take into consideration the presence of diagenetic minerals that are considered part of these soils. In this investigation, a typical arid, ...


    By ASTM International

  • Round One—Longitudinal and Transverse Pulse Velocities, Unconfined Compressive Strength, Uniaxial Elastic Modulus, and Splitting Tensile Strength

    An interlaboratory study has been conducted using four ASTM rock-property test methods (longitudinal and transverse pulse velocity, indirect tensile strength, unconfined compressive strength, and uniaxial elastic modulus) on four types of intact rock (Barre Granite, Berea Sandstone, Salem Limestone, and Tennessee Marble). There were five replications per test per rock type. The rock testing was ...


    By ASTM International

  • Portable IR Analyzer Provides ASTM Field Test Method for Measuring Soot Levels In Diesel Engine Lubricating Oils

    The InfraCal Soot Meter, from Wilks Enterprise, gives users an approved ASTM testing method for measuring the percent level of soot in diesel engine lubricating oils -- ASTM Method D7686-2011 entitled “Test Method for Field-Based Condition Monitoring of Soot in In-Service Lubricants Using a Fixed-Filter Infrared (IR) instrument.” While there is widespread disagreement on used-diesel ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Relative Accuracy Testing of an X-Ray Fluorescence-Based Mercury Monitor at Coal-Fired Boilers

    ABSTRACT The relative accuracy (RA) of a newly developed mercury continuous emissions monitor, based on X-ray fluorescence, was determined by comparing analysis results at coal-fired plants with two certified reference methods (American Society for Testing and Materials [ASTM] Method D6784-02 and U.S. Environment Protection Agency [EPA] Method 29). During the first determination, the ...

  • Validation of a New Method for Screening Soil and Water for TCE Contamination

    INTRODUCTION ASTM Method D 7203-06, Standard Test Method for Screening Trichloroethylene (TCE)-Contaminated Media Using a Heated Diode Sensor, (ASTM 2006) can be used to screen a sample of soil or water known to contain the halogenated volatile organic compound (HVOC) TCE. The method calls for measuring the TCE concentration in the headspace above the sample using a heated diode sensor ...

  • Xenemetrix EX-3600M (EDXRF) spectrometer analysis of the major elements in cement and compliance with ASTM Method C-114

    Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) can play a vital role in this industry by giving accurate analytical results in a short time.  ASTM C-114 is the test method used for the analysis of hydraulic cements. .  The overview of Xenemetrix EX-3600M (EDXRF) spectrometer analysis of the major elements in cement and compliance with ASTM Method C-114 will be described in this ...


    By Xenemetrix Ltd.

  • Soot level – a diesel engine lube oil condemning limit

    While there is widespread disagreement on used-diesel oil condemning limits, it is well known that excessive soot in the lube oil causes abnormal valve and injection-train wear.  It can also increase exhaust emissions and clog filters.  Typically, the suggested limit for soot is in the neighborhood of 3% but can go much higher.  With the new ASTM Method D7686, truck, bus, ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Pore Size Distribution of Nonwoven Geotextiles

    The applicability of the mercury intrusion technique to determine the pore size distribution (PSD) of geotextiles was evaluated. The method was found to be simple and rapid, and an ASTM standard for soils and rocks already exists (ASTM Test Method for Determination of the Pore Volume and Pore Volume Distribution of Soil and Rock by Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry [D 4404]). The PSD determined from ...


    By ASTM International

  • Evaluation of Sulfate Expansion in Soil-Cements

    This paper presents the results of an evaluation of internal sulfate attack in soil-cements. Differences in rates and amounts of expansion were evaluated for several aggregate types. Sulfate expansion of soil-cement was evaluated using a modified version of ASTM Test Method for Length Change of Hardened Hydraulic Cement Mortar and Concrete (C 157) that utilized a falling weight compaction ...


    By ASTM International

  • Evaluation of environmental impact and gaseous emissions of biodiesel fuels and blends of selected feed-stocks

    Thermal and gaseous emissions of biodiesel feed-stocks: sandbox tree, fluted pumpkin, black date and wild melon whose potentials as biodiesel fuels have been established in the earlier works of Igbum et al. (2012) were evaluated in order to ascertain and establish their environmental and emission impacts on the local and global environment. Effects of blending ratios on the thermal/gaseous ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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