atmospheric boundary layer monitoring Articles

  • A network suitable microwave radiometer for operational monitoring of the cloudy atmosphere

    The implementation of an operational network of microwave radiometers is presently hampered by the cost and complexity of the available instruments. For this reason, the definition and design of a low-cost microwave radiometer suitable for automatic, high-quality observations of liquid water path (LWP) were one objective of the BALTEX cloud liquid water network: CLIWA-NET. In the course of the ...


    By RPG Radiometer Physics GmbH

  • Atmospheric environmental impact assessment modelling in France

    The most widely accepted model of atmospheric dispersion for impact assessment in France is the Gaussian model of Doury. The Centre d'Etudes Atomiques (CEA) and Electricite de France (EDF) have developed their own software systems, which include several compatible or nested meteorological, trajectory, and dispersion codes. These systems are fitted to the various atmospheric scales from regional ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • CFD modelling for atmospheric pollutants/aerosols studies within the complex terrains of urban areas and industrial sites

    Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) modelling of pollution dispersion and chemical conversion to aerosol particles in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) has been studied. The investigation focused on the numerical modelling above complex orographic terrains of urban areas and industrial sites including the dispersion of toxic substances in the air as a result of accidents. A finite-rate model of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tekran instruments—monitoring around the world

    Tekran provides trace-level mercury analytical and monitoring technology for a variety of applications including laboratory-based sample analysis, continuous point-source emissions and ambient air monitoring. This article focuses on and highlights the results of an application of Tekran’s Ambient Air Mercury Speciation System. In contrast to most other heavy metals, mercury (Hg) and mercury ...

  • Complete online monitoring solution for Waste Water Treatment Plant

    Due to the increasing number of requests for the monitoring of waste water treatment plant atmosphere, Chromatotec® has designed a specific analytical solution for sulfur and nitrogen compounds analysis. For more than 25 years, Chromatotec® has proven its value and expertise in measuring and recording sulfur concentrations in waste water treatment plant. Chromatotec® has completed its ...


    By Chromatotec Group

  • Monitoring greenhouse gas emissions from hydroelectric reservoirs in northern Quebec, Canada

    Surface waters of natural freshwater bodies are capable of releasing far more carbon into the atmosphere than they absorb (Cole et al. 1994). Artificial reservoirs are also known to have environmental impacts which include greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Rosenberg et al. 1997, Fearnside et al. 2004, Tremblay et al. 2005). Therefore the inclusion of hydroelectric facilities as part of an overall ...


    By PP Systems

  • An urban scale model for pollutant dispersion in Rome

    A Gaussian model software (Atmospheric Dispersion Model System?ADMS-Urban) is used to forecast the carbon monoxide concentrations in the Urban Boundary Layer (UBL) of the city of Rome, Italy. The simulations refer to 14 days during 2002. Two data set inputs were considered in order to evaluate the urban background concentration and the effects of the main roads surrounding the monitoring ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Further development of the French-German dispersion model - SODAR pre-processor

    Basic concepts, technical applications and details of the updated meteorological pre-processor using SODAR data (MPS) as well as additional meteorological measurements are presented. The pre-processor allows the calculation of boundary-layer parameters, i.e. friction velocity, Monin-Obukhov length and mixing layer height, on the basis of SODAR measurements which serve as input parameters for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Observational needs for four-dimensional air quality characterization

    Surface-based monitoring programs provide the foundation for associating air pollution and causal effects in human health studies, and they support the development of air quality standards and the preparation of emission reduction strategies. While surface-oriented networks remain a key tool for addressing traditional single pollutant human exposure challenges, these networks in isolation are not ...

  • Model Inter-Comparison on Transport and Chemistry

    A comprehensive inter-comparison of 5 atmospheric chemistry transport models (TM5, TM4, TM3, IMAGES, and LMDZ) has been performed. The main objective was to analyze differences in model transport, in particular vertical mixing (boundary layer and convective transport), synoptic variations, and large scale global circulation (including inter-hemispheric exchange and stratospheric tropospheric ...


  • Integrated Modeling of Fate and Effects of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Marine Ecosystems

    Contaminants reach surface waters through different pathways, ranging from atmospheric deposition, infiltration in the soil during heavy rainfalls and migration with the groundwater or transport in particulate and dissolved phase in rivers. Domestic and industrial sewage water represents a major global source of pollution for surface water. Furthermore, agricultural activities may be associated ...


  • Enhancement of Terrestrial Carbon Sink Potential: A Possible Contribution to Mitigating Global Warming

    Introduction Climate researcher Klaus Hasselmann, Director of the Max-Planck-Institut (MPI) for Meteorology in Hamburg and a project co-ordinator of EC’s Environment and Climate Programme, was one of the first scientists to warn that recently observed global warming trends have a discernible human related forcing component. Climate model calculations show, that global warming is closely related ...


  • NextGen GIS and the Environmental Database

    Next Generation (NextGen) Geospatial Information System (GIS) and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Cold War legacy sites environmental records—spanning nearly 40 years—in the Environmental Database, are managed by the DOE Office of Legacy Management (LM). As key LM assets, these records must be managed and maintained efficiently and effectively. There are over 16 different applications ...


    By EarthSoft, Inc

  • Can we bury the carbon dioxide problem?

    Seriously — carbon capture and storage could be a game-changer. Mention “carbon capture and storage” — the process of trapping carbon dioxide produced in fossil-fuel burning or other industrial processes and burying it underground — in polite company, and you’re likely to be pounced on. It’s absurdly expensive. It can never be rolled ...


    By Ensia

  • Nature’s Own - Biofiltration process offers promise of (near) energy-free pollution abatement

    A filter could be described as any substance through which liquid is passed to remove suspended impurities. Although a “biofilter” is actually not a filter, “biofiltration” is on the threshold of finding a market as a compliance solution for air pollution regulations after a number of false starts. Biofilters have long been used as a means for reducing objectionable odors in Germany, the ...


  • Smart Series-Odor Management

    Tackling odors at composting facilities is a manageable task made simpler by inventorying and treating all sources and tapping into technology advances. Perhaps one of the most difficult realities that had to be faced 15 to 20 years ago by the composting universe is that the phrase, “odor-free” - at least when it comes to composting - is probably an oxymoron. Feedstocks that biodegrade within the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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