atmospheric boundary layer monitoring Articles

  • Planetary Boundary Layer: Why is it Important?

    The famous statistician George Box said “All models are wrong, but some are useful”—for calculating air quality indices and emissions estimates this is certainly true. One way to increase the utility of models is to use up-to-the-minute, local Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) measurements as an input when generating top-down emissions estimates. ...

  • A network suitable microwave radiometer for operational monitoring of the cloudy atmosphere

    The implementation of an operational network of microwave radiometers is presently hampered by the cost and complexity of the available instruments. For this reason, the definition and design of a low-cost microwave radiometer suitable for automatic, high-quality observations of liquid water path (LWP) were one objective of the BALTEX cloud liquid water network: CLIWA-NET. In the course of the ...


    By RPG Radiometer Physics GmbH

  • Top 5 Differences between Micro Pulse LiDAR and Ceilometer Technology

    If you are evaluating backscatter LiDAR sensors for measuring aerosols, cloud vertical structure, and planetary boundary layer (PBL) heights, what factors should you consider in your comparison? It really comes down to a choice between the traditional analog technology used in ceilometers and the more recent advanced technology found in Micro Pulse LiDAR (MPL) sensors. To select the best tool ...

  • Atmospheric environmental impact assessment modelling in France

    The most widely accepted model of atmospheric dispersion for impact assessment in France is the Gaussian model of Doury. The Centre d'Etudes Atomiques (CEA) and Electricite de France (EDF) have developed their own software systems, which include several compatible or nested meteorological, trajectory, and dispersion codes. These systems are fitted to the various atmospheric scales from regional ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tekran instruments—monitoring around the world

    Tekran provides trace-level mercury analytical and monitoring technology for a variety of applications including laboratory-based sample analysis, continuous point-source emissions and ambient air monitoring. This article focuses on and highlights the results of an application of Tekran’s Ambient Air Mercury Speciation System. In contrast to most other heavy metals, mercury (Hg) and mercury ...

  • CFD modelling for atmospheric pollutants/aerosols studies within the complex terrains of urban areas and industrial sites

    Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) modelling of pollution dispersion and chemical conversion to aerosol particles in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) has been studied. The investigation focused on the numerical modelling above complex orographic terrains of urban areas and industrial sites including the dispersion of toxic substances in the air as a result of accidents. A finite-rate model of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Complete online monitoring solution for Waste Water Treatment Plant

    Due to the increasing number of requests for the monitoring of waste water treatment plant atmosphere, Chromatotec® has designed a specific analytical solution for sulfur and nitrogen compounds analysis. For more than 25 years, Chromatotec® has proven its value and expertise in measuring and recording sulfur concentrations in waste water treatment plant. Chromatotec® has completed its ...


    By Chromatotec Group

  • An urban scale model for pollutant dispersion in Rome

    A Gaussian model software (Atmospheric Dispersion Model System?ADMS-Urban) is used to forecast the carbon monoxide concentrations in the Urban Boundary Layer (UBL) of the city of Rome, Italy. The simulations refer to 14 days during 2002. Two data set inputs were considered in order to evaluate the urban background concentration and the effects of the main roads surrounding the monitoring ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Further development of the French-German dispersion model - SODAR pre-processor

    Basic concepts, technical applications and details of the updated meteorological pre-processor using SODAR data (MPS) as well as additional meteorological measurements are presented. The pre-processor allows the calculation of boundary-layer parameters, i.e. friction velocity, Monin-Obukhov length and mixing layer height, on the basis of SODAR measurements which serve as input parameters for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Observational needs for four-dimensional air quality characterization

    Surface-based monitoring programs provide the foundation for associating air pollution and causal effects in human health studies, and they support the development of air quality standards and the preparation of emission reduction strategies. While surface-oriented networks remain a key tool for addressing traditional single pollutant human exposure challenges, these networks in isolation are not ...

  • Researchers are Advancing Science Using Micro Pulse LiDAR Technology

    There are so many examples of interesting research using Micro Pulse LiDAR (MPL) technology it is difficult to decide on my favorites; however, I have chosen to highlight the following two papers because these applications for the MPL and MiniMPL address problems that are very important to global health. I’ve created a summary of each report and provided the citation in case you are ...

  • NextGen GIS and the Environmental Database

    Next Generation (NextGen) Geospatial Information System (GIS) and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Cold War legacy sites environmental records—spanning nearly 40 years—in the Environmental Database, are managed by the DOE Office of Legacy Management (LM). As key LM assets, these records must be managed and maintained efficiently and effectively. There are over 16 different applications ...


    By EarthSoft, Inc

  • Micro Pulse LiDAR Enables Automatic Aerosol Characterization - Case Study

    Depolarization and Continuous Data Collection Support Pollen Research in Barcelona, Spain Public health problems related to airborne pollen activity are on the rise in European megacities. Many people suffer from allergic reactions to biogenic particles that are naturally created by trees, grasses, flowers and other vegetation. Cities with large parks and gardens or nearby forests tend to ...

  • Can we bury the carbon dioxide problem?

    Seriously — carbon capture and storage could be a game-changer. Mention “carbon capture and storage” — the process of trapping carbon dioxide produced in fossil-fuel burning or other industrial processes and burying it underground — in polite company, and you’re likely to be pounced on. It’s absurdly expensive. It can never be rolled ...


    By Ensia

  • Tracking Air Pollution with Mini Micro Pulse LiDAR - Case Study

    Portable Monitoring Solution Offers Valuable Insight Into Haze Problem Poor air quality in large urban population centers has a negative impact on health and quality of life. To address these issues, the Institute of Urban Meteorology (IUM) in Beijing, China, is conducting fundamental research to better understand, forecast and mitigate atmospheric haze, i.e., air pollution. Over the past ...

  • Soil Moisture Applications and Practices Using the HydraProbe Soil Moisture Sensor

    Over the past ten years, environmental monitoring has become increasingly important. Environmental factors such as climate change, dwindling water resources, and threatened habitats are driving the need to monitor the environment and implement better policies to protect it. Many natural processes in the environment are driven by or in some ways related soil hydrological processes. Monitoring soil ...

  • Smart Series-Odor Management

    Tackling odors at composting facilities is a manageable task made simpler by inventorying and treating all sources and tapping into technology advances. Perhaps one of the most difficult realities that had to be faced 15 to 20 years ago by the composting universe is that the phrase, “odor-free” - at least when it comes to composting - is probably an oxymoron. Feedstocks that biodegrade within the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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