atmospheric modeling Articles

  • On the dispersion models and atmospheric dispersion

    As an air pollutant is transported, the pollutant disperses into the surrounding air so that it arrives at a lower concentration than it was on leaving the source. Strict environmental regulations worldwide resulted in a growing concern about the validity of air quality dispersion models. The present work is a try to evaluate the applicability of some dispersion models on the emission from an ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modeling Tip: How to Import BREEZE AERMOD files into BREEZE Risk Analyst for Human Health Risk Assessments

    Humans can be exposed to hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) either directly through inhalation or indirectly through ingestion or dermal contact, which can result in acute or chronic health effects. The risk of exposure varies depending on a number of variables, including the meteorological conditions, local geographical and emissions characteristics, the age of the individuals being exposed, and ...

  • Evaluation of statistical models in atmospheric dispersion modelling

    When a gas is released into the atmosphere, there are inevitably random fluctuations in its concentration due to turbulence. Great recent improvements in instrumentation have shown how large these are. This has been acknowledged by CEC (the Commission of the European Communities), for example in that part of its Environment and Climate Programme (Framework IV) dealing with accidents. Likewise, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Wind Energy Production Estimates: Moving Beyond Time Averages

    No need to be a statistician to see that averages are often useful to compare different things. And yet, they often fall short as a true measure of performance. For instance, we use averages to compare the current weather against the climate normals or to get a sense of how our favorite sport team or player is doing. Team (player) statistics are a concise way of combining the scores from many ...


    By AWS Truepower, LLC

  • Determining Proper Cooling Tower Size

    To maximize water-based cooling tower benefits, the appropriate tower size must be selected, requiring the identification of several critical factors. Cooling towers are a relatively inexpensive and reliable way of expelling heat from a number of industrial processes, including nuclear & thermal power plants, petroleum refineries, petrochemical plants, food processing plants, as well as HVAC ...


    By Delta Cooling Towers, Inc

  • Two Detector Solution to Analyzing Sulfur

    Sulfur compounds are reactive, corrosive to pipes, and destructive to catalysts in petroleum refineries. Sulfur emission are strictly regulated globally. When released into the atmosphere sulfur dioxide converts to sulfuric acid resulting in adverse effects on human health and the environment. Sulfur detection is found useful in many other industries; therefore, detection of sulfur compounds in ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Caltech working to solve the world`s energy problems with the help of inVia

    Fossil fuels are the world's main fuel source for transportation, heating and generating electricity. As a by-product, high levels of CO2 are released into the atmosphere. With the drive for sustainable energy production, a method that generates easily-stored fuel from sunlight—and absorbs CO2—is a very attractive proposition. The California Institute of Technology ...


    By Renishaw plc

  • A model for simulating atmospheric dispersion in low-wind conditions

    A practical model for low-wind conditions was derived by integration of an instantaneous three-dimensional Gaussian puff equation, in which wind speed was assumed to be zero and standard deviations of a smoke (σy and σz) were expressed as a linear function of the dispersion time. When the plume spreads σy and σz were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Validation of atmospheric dispersion models using ETEX data

    Two models frequently used to simulate the dispersion of pollutants in the atmosphere have been compared. This is necessary because only a well-tested and well-calibrated simulation model can be a good representation of the reality of the dispersion of pollutants. The models evaluated (HYSPLIT_4 with its four variants and MEDIA) were run using as input parameters the same meteorological dataset ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of new generation atmospheric dispersion models

    The paper considers the regulatory view of evaluating dispersion models. There is no proscription for regulatory studies in the UK, so differences between dispersion calculations from different models and versions of models are then as important as their absolute veracity. An example shows variations in calculated concentration due to variations between two different versions of a model and two ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling of atmospheric flow and dispersion in the wake of a cylindrical obstacle

    The computational fluid dynamics code ADREA–HF is used to simulate atmospheric dispersion field experiments around an isolated cylindrical obstacle and two upwind sources of ammonia and propane, with the ammonia source located at different lateral positions. Model calculated concentrations and concentration fluctuations are compared with the experimental results, to investigate the effect of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A review of evaluation procedures for atmospheric dispersion models

    Evaluation of atmospheric dispersion models is vital to justify their use within the air quality component of environmental assessments. The Model Validation Kit, compiled and distributed by Helge Olesen of NERI, is often used for such evaluations. Whilst the Model Validation Kit has a wide range of functionality, its users often limit their evaluation to a few simplistic calculations. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling and measurements of the atmospheric boundary layer in Sofia, Bulgaria

    The evaluation of mesoscale model simulations against experimental data on the vertical profiles of mean meteorological parameters and surface turbulent momentum and heat fluxes for Sofia, Bulgaria, is presented. The simulation of the vertical profiles is currently a weak point in mesoscale modelling, and needs investigation in view of the numerous practical applications.Keywords: Bulgaria, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Atmospheric dispersion modelling for regulatory purposes in the United Kingdom

    Short-range atmospheric dispersion models are used to assess the environmental impact of airborne pollutants from industrial plants. The results are of interest to a range of specialist and non-specialist groups, including regulators, operators, environmental organisations, and local residents. In order that these groups can be well-informed, it is important to develop clear and consistent ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Atmospheric environmental impact assessment modelling in France

    The most widely accepted model of atmospheric dispersion for impact assessment in France is the Gaussian model of Doury. The Centre d'Etudes Atomiques (CEA) and Electricite de France (EDF) have developed their own software systems, which include several compatible or nested meteorological, trajectory, and dispersion codes. These systems are fitted to the various atmospheric scales from regional ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Uncertainty adjustments to deterministic atmospheric dispersion models

    Atmospheric Dispersion Models (ADMs) are routinely used in environmental impact assessment, risk analysis, and source apportionment studies. There are a variety of such computational ADMs, but these models usually only provide deterministic predictions or estimation of uncertainty. By introducing error components in ADMs, we formulate statistical modelling to obtain more precise prediction. These ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simple model of the Urban Atmospheric Boundary Layer (UABL)

    The horizontally homogeneous atmospheric boundary layer over a rough surface with a large roughness length z0 has been investigated to model the simplest cases of the Urban Atmospheric Boundary Layer (UABL) over a flat plain. It has been demonstrated that the nondimensional profiles of the horizontal Reynolds stresses of eddy viscosity and of velocity defect components are universal and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling of atmospheric pollutant dispersion in coastal areas

    Some characteristics of air pollution in Tarragona (Spain) were investigated. Tarragona has an important petrochemical industry in a coastal region with a complex terrain. The study was made numerically in sea breeze conditions with a three-dimensional mesoscale meteorological model. The temporal and spatial variations of the wind fields have been used in the Lagrangian equation for a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling and analysis of the atmospheric nitrogen deposition in North Carolina

    The United States Environmental Protection Agency's Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) regional-scale model is used to study concentrations and dry deposition of nitrogen species in North Carolina (NC) during the summer season. Each modelled and measured species featured a similar diurnal trend. A process budget analysis (production and removal evaluation) of NO, NO2, and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Atmospheric impact of a municipal wastes incinerator

    This paper presents a case study of an air pollution dispersion model for the atmospheric impact assessment of a new municipal wastes incinerator (MWI). The capacity of the present MWI will increase more than ten times, and a new high-efficiency flue gas treatment system is projected. The environmental impact study has been focused on the long-term aspect of the air pollution (chronic pollution) ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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