atmospheric monitor Articles

  • A network suitable microwave radiometer for operational monitoring of the cloudy atmosphere

    The implementation of an operational network of microwave radiometers is presently hampered by the cost and complexity of the available instruments. For this reason, the definition and design of a low-cost microwave radiometer suitable for automatic, high-quality observations of liquid water path (LWP) were one objective of the BALTEX cloud liquid water network: CLIWA-NET. In the course of the ...


    By RPG Radiometer Physics GmbH

  • The scalp hair as a monitor for trace elements in biomonitoring of atmospheric pollution

    The chemical element contents in scalp hair of 80 apparently healthy 15- to 58-year-old citizens (36 females and 44 males) of a non-industrial region in the Central European part of Russia were investigated by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) and Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES). The summary of statistics, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Monitoring Airborne Contaminants in Workplace Atmospheres, Using Sampling Devices and GC or HPLC

    Workers' exposure to hazardous substances must be held within acceptable limits. Therefore, airborne contaminant vapor and particles (including aerosols) in industrial atmospheres must be monitored. In the United States, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) offer, for many such substances, specific ...


    By MilliporeSigma

  • Analysis and interpretation of the monitoring data for C2?C11 hydrocarbons in the atmosphere of a rural Portuguese site

    This paper focuses the application of a measurement technique for determining atmospheric C2?C6 hydrocarbons after canister sampling and analysis by gas chromatography/flame ionisation detection (GC/FID), as well of an adsorption-sampling technique for C6?C11 compounds and GC/FID analysis after thermal desorption and cryogenic concentration. Tens of samples collected at Giesta, a rural area ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dust monitoring

    Generally, two different approaches are used to measure the amount of dust deposited on a surface; Determination of the soiling of a surface, by a change in its properties; Determination of the quantity of dust deposited, by weight. WHAT IS DUST? Dust is a generic term used to describe fine particles that are suspended in the atmosphere. Dust comes from a wide variety of sources, including soil, ...


    By Queensland Laboratory

  • Monitoring with the use of passive samplers ? a useful source of information for the mapping and modelling of urban atmosphere pollution

    Due to human activities, increasing numbers of harmful substances are emitted into the atmosphere; they are recognised as potentially dangerous to living organisms, mainly because of their toxicity. Among others, compounds from the BTEX group, e.g. benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes, are considered as such toxic substances. They are present in the air above urbanised as well as rural ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Atmospheric environmental impact assessment modelling in France

    The most widely accepted model of atmospheric dispersion for impact assessment in France is the Gaussian model of Doury. The Centre d'Etudes Atomiques (CEA) and Electricite de France (EDF) have developed their own software systems, which include several compatible or nested meteorological, trajectory, and dispersion codes. These systems are fitted to the various atmospheric scales from regional ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water Vapor Interference in the UV Absorption Measurement of Atmospheric Ozone

    In this thesis work, a significant and sometimes large water vapor interference inherent to many and possibly all UV-based, commercially available ozone monitors was positively identified for the first time.  Depending upon the instrument's recent atmospheric history and calibration method, zone monitors can give erroneous results both immediately and hours later, and as a consequence possibly ...


    By 2B Technologies

  • Read about Confined Space in Construction and Atmospheric Testing Right Here!

    In 1993, 29 CFR 1910.146 went into effect as the first federal legislation governing entry into permit-required confined spaces in general industry. Because some industries, such as the construction industry, were covered by specific Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) safety regulations, they were exempt from the confined space entry requirements of the general industry rule. ...


    By Argus-Hazco

  • Gas Detection and Monitoring Systems

    In greenhouse applications, the accurate measurement of a number of environmental parameters such as carbon dioxide concentration, temperature, light intensity, water, humidity, pH and nutrient levels using sophisticated sensors is used to create a controlled environment for optimising plant growth rates while minimising energy usage. Carbon dioxide concentration is also one of the best ...


    By Edinburgh Sensors Ltd

  • X-ray slag monitoring

    According to market research published by the Freedonia Group in June 2006, global demand for cement is forecast to ‘grow to 4.7 per cent yearly through 2010’. While demand for Portland cement, which currently accounts for three-quarters of all cement sales worldwide, will be healthy, sales of blended cements are expected to climb at a faster pace. Similarly, the Slag Cement Association reports a ...

  • How to Monitor Mercury Emissions

    In recent years, mercury levels in the environment and in the food chain have risen substantially mainly due to human activities. As a long-range pollutant it can affect areas located thousands of kilometers away from its original source of emission. It’s no wonder then that the regulatory pressure to monitor mercury emissions grows stronger.  Before diving ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Urban Noise Monitoring in Madrid

    Dynamic mapping helps Madrid improve the quality of life for her citizens and visitors alike. With its 3 000 000 inhabitants and 2500 km of streets, Madrid is an excellent example of what can be done to improve human comfort related to urban noise. Since the late 60s, Madrid City Council has been working on noise problems. During this period, global environmental analysis has focused on how ...

  • Photodegradation of 4-chloronitrobenzene in the presence of aqueous titania suspensions in different gas atmospheres

    The photocatalytic degradation of 4-chloronitrobenzene (4-CNB) was carried out using Degussa P25 TiO2 as photocatalyst in three different gas atmospheres: nitrogen, oxygen, and ozone. The total organic carbon (TOC) and inorganic anions including chloride, nitrite, and nitrate anions were measured to monitor the mineralization processes, while the degradation of 4-CNB and the formation of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Testing modified atmosphere packaging of gluten free bakery products - Case Study

    Gluten free bakery packaging tested using Systech Illinois gas analysis equipment Ultrapharm’s quality control laboratory use the Gaspace Advance, oxygen and carbon dioxide headspace analyser to monitor their modified atmosphere packs at regular intervals. Ultrapharm Ltd started their gluten free bakery business in 1993, manufacturing a small product line to coeliac’s in the UK. ...


    By Systech Instruments Ltd

  • Influence of sea-land breezes on the tempospatial distribution of atmospheric aerosols over coastal region

    The influence of sea-land breezes (SLBs) on the spatial distribution and temporal variation of particulate matter (PM) in the atmosphere was investigated over coastal Taiwan. PM was simultaneously sampled at inland and offshore locations during three intensive sampling periods. The intensive PM sampling protocol was continuously conducted over a 48-hr period. During this time, PM2.5 and ...

  • High sensitivity CO2 monitor for CO2 geological sequestration efficiency monitoring

    Canadian prosperity is currently linked to revenue generated from processes that produce large volumes of greenhouse gasses as a by-product. Under evidence that the human fingerprint on our planet is in direct correlation to global climate change, the monitoring and control of greenhouse gas emissions has become a subject of recent focus among many sciences. Recently, legislation has been imposed ...


    By Boreal Laser Inc.

  • Use of mosses to study atmospheric deposition of trace elements: contributions from investigations in Norway

    This paper presents essential features of biomonitoring work carried out in the author's laboratory during more than 25 years using various analytical techniques for the determination of over 50 elements. A substantial part of this work concerns large-scale deposition surveys in Norway using the moss Hylocomium splendens, where five nationwide surveys have been carried out since 1977. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Green House Gas Flow Monitoring

    This article addresses the challenges and solutions to flow measurement of green house gases in various industry applications.  GHG flow monitoring regulations are discussed and addressed. Last year the EPA implemented new regulations entitled “Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases.” The new regulations called for certain facilities emitting 25,000 metric tons or more per year ...

  • Hydrocarbon in Water Monitors using Fluorescence

    Hydrocarbon in Water Monitors using Fluorescence are capable of detecting hydrocarbons as low as 5 Parts per Billion and as high as 10,000 Parts per Million depending on the application.  Because only the target hydrocarbons will fluoresce, these monitors have no significant affect due to water turbidity (rust, dirt, gas bubbles, soot, etc.).  Fluorescence monitors provide a measurement ...

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