atmospheric monitoring Articles

  • High-Purity DNPH Standards for Monitoring of Atmospheric Carbonyls

    Analysts monitoring for atmospheric carbonyls follow prescribed methods published by the US Environmental Protection Agency, the California Air Resource Board, and the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM®). These methods call for trapping carbonyls on an adsorbent coated with dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH). Sigma Aldrich offers more than fifty 2,4-DNPH carbonyl derivative ...


    By MilliporeSigma

  • Potential use of Syntrichia ruralis for monitoring atmospheric BTEX

    Many studies deal with the bioaccumulation of metals in mosses. In contrast, the knowledge about organic pollutants is less extensive and there is a relative lack of studies using plants for the biomonitoring of volatile organic compounds such as Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene and Xylenes (BTEX). Both in situ and in controlled conditions, this study deals with the capacity of mosses to accumulate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A network suitable microwave radiometer for operational monitoring of the cloudy atmosphere

    The implementation of an operational network of microwave radiometers is presently hampered by the cost and complexity of the available instruments. For this reason, the definition and design of a low-cost microwave radiometer suitable for automatic, high-quality observations of liquid water path (LWP) were one objective of the BALTEX cloud liquid water network: CLIWA-NET. In the course of the ...


    By RPG Radiometer Physics GmbH

  • The scalp hair as a monitor for trace elements in biomonitoring of atmospheric pollution

    The chemical element contents in scalp hair of 80 apparently healthy 15- to 58-year-old citizens (36 females and 44 males) of a non-industrial region in the Central European part of Russia were investigated by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) and Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES). The summary of statistics, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Monitoring Airborne Contaminants in Workplace Atmospheres, Using Sampling Devices and GC or HPLC

    Workers' exposure to hazardous substances must be held within acceptable limits. Therefore, airborne contaminant vapor and particles (including aerosols) in industrial atmospheres must be monitored. In the United States, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) offer, for many such substances, specific ...


    By MilliporeSigma

  • Analysis and interpretation of the monitoring data for C2?C11 hydrocarbons in the atmosphere of a rural Portuguese site

    This paper focuses the application of a measurement technique for determining atmospheric C2?C6 hydrocarbons after canister sampling and analysis by gas chromatography/flame ionisation detection (GC/FID), as well of an adsorption-sampling technique for C6?C11 compounds and GC/FID analysis after thermal desorption and cryogenic concentration. Tens of samples collected at Giesta, a rural area ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dust monitoring

    Generally, two different approaches are used to measure the amount of dust deposited on a surface; Determination of the soiling of a surface, by a change in its properties; Determination of the quantity of dust deposited, by weight. WHAT IS DUST? Dust is a generic term used to describe fine particles that are suspended in the atmosphere. Dust comes from a wide variety of sources, including soil, ...


    By Queensland Laboratory

  • Monitoring with the use of passive samplers ? a useful source of information for the mapping and modelling of urban atmosphere pollution

    Due to human activities, increasing numbers of harmful substances are emitted into the atmosphere; they are recognised as potentially dangerous to living organisms, mainly because of their toxicity. Among others, compounds from the BTEX group, e.g. benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes, are considered as such toxic substances. They are present in the air above urbanised as well as rural ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Atmospheric environmental impact assessment modelling in France

    The most widely accepted model of atmospheric dispersion for impact assessment in France is the Gaussian model of Doury. The Centre d'Etudes Atomiques (CEA) and Electricite de France (EDF) have developed their own software systems, which include several compatible or nested meteorological, trajectory, and dispersion codes. These systems are fitted to the various atmospheric scales from regional ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Validation of atmospheric dispersion models using ETEX data

    Two models frequently used to simulate the dispersion of pollutants in the atmosphere have been compared. This is necessary because only a well-tested and well-calibrated simulation model can be a good representation of the reality of the dispersion of pollutants. The models evaluated (HYSPLIT_4 with its four variants and MEDIA) were run using as input parameters the same meteorological dataset ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Determination of transport processes of nocturnal ozone in Istanbul atmosphere

    Ozone, usually having a minimum value at night, often increase its concentration level which is known as nocturnal ozone. In this study, the magnitude, frequency and timing of nocturnal ozone maxima were determined between May and September for four years (2001-2004) for stations in the Asian and European sides of Istanbul, Turkey. The magnitude and frequency of late and early peaks for peak ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water Vapor Interference in the UV Absorption Measurement of Atmospheric Ozone

    In this thesis work, a significant and sometimes large water vapor interference inherent to many and possibly all UV-based, commercially available ozone monitors was positively identified for the first time.  Depending upon the instrument's recent atmospheric history and calibration method, zone monitors can give erroneous results both immediately and hours later, and as a consequence possibly ...


    By 2B Technologies

  • On the road from environmental biomonitoring to human health aspects: monitoring atmospheric heavy metal deposition by epiphytic/epigeic plants: present status and future needs

    For the past few years, a strong and intensive combined study by analytical scientists and biologists on bioindication and biomonitoring has developed. To achieve a more public-related prophylactic healthcare feature derived from these biotechniques in the future, the collaboration between analytical scientists, ecotoxicologists and especially human toxicologists has to be strongly intensified ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Read about Confined Space in Construction and Atmospheric Testing Right Here!

    In 1993, 29 CFR 1910.146 went into effect as the first federal legislation governing entry into permit-required confined spaces in general industry. Because some industries, such as the construction industry, were covered by specific Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) safety regulations, they were exempt from the confined space entry requirements of the general industry rule. ...


    By Argus-Hazco

  • Formation of atmospheric nitrate under high Particulate Matter concentration

    This study was primarily initiated to understand the consistently moderate levels of nitrogen oxides (NOx) in Indian cities in spite of increasing NOx emissions. The research objective was to understand NO3? formation as a NOx function, and other atmospheric constituents. For this purpose, air quality ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Climate monitoring - meeting the challenge

    Average global temperatures are on the increase, ice and snow cover is disappearing fast and sea levels are rising. In addition, severe weather situations are becoming more frequent and more extreme. There is clear evidence that the Earth’s atmosphere and oceans are warming: 11 of the 12 years in the period 1995-2006 were among the 12 warmest since 1850. Climate change is a reality and it is ...

  • Modified atmosphere packaging of dried fruit and fruit snacks - Case Study

    Systech Illinois’ oxygen headspace gas analyzer helps Whitworths maintain the quality of a million packs of dried fruit every week.  In the UK, Whitworths produces around a million packs of dried fruit and fruit snacks each week using modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) to ensure long product shelf life. Sample packs are tested every hour using a Systech headspace gas analyzer ...


    By Systech Instruments Ltd

  • Gas Detection and Monitoring Systems

    In greenhouse applications, the accurate measurement of a number of environmental parameters such as carbon dioxide concentration, temperature, light intensity, water, humidity, pH and nutrient levels using sophisticated sensors is used to create a controlled environment for optimising plant growth rates while minimising energy usage. Carbon dioxide concentration is also one of the best ...


    By Edinburgh Sensors Ltd

  • X-ray slag monitoring

    According to market research published by the Freedonia Group in June 2006, global demand for cement is forecast to ‘grow to 4.7 per cent yearly through 2010’. While demand for Portland cement, which currently accounts for three-quarters of all cement sales worldwide, will be healthy, sales of blended cements are expected to climb at a faster pace. Similarly, the Slag Cement Association reports a ...

  • Atmospheric Mercury Concentrations from Several Observatory Sites in the Northern Hemisphere

    In an effort to investigate both large-scale (spatial) and short/long-term (temporal) distribution characteristics of atmospheric mercury, we have combined and analyzed the Hg concentration data sets collected continuously by four different scientific groups for the areas and periods covering (1) America (three sites near the Canadian Great Lakes (CGL): 1997–2000), (2) Asia (Seoul, Korea (SEL): ...


    By Springer

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