vehicle emissions Articles

  • Responses of the urban roadside trees to traffic environment

    Purpose: The study is understand the relation between urban roadside tree growth and the traffic environment and an improvement to the traffic environment by using urban roadside trees. Design/methodology/approach: Eight common urban roadside trees subjected to many pollutants from automobile emissions were selected for research. The comparatively pollution-free parks far from the traffic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measurement of ammonia emissions using various techniques in a comparative tunnel study

    A field-based intercomparison study for ammonia measurements was conducted using seven analytical methods. It included sulphuric acid impinger, citric acid denuder, differential optical absorption spectroscopy (DOAS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS), and continuous aqueous extraction followed by measurement of conductivity (Airrmonia). Measurements ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Brazil’s Flexfuel Experience

    Brazil maintains a dominant position in the South American automotive market, with an estimated two thirds share of thecontinent’s light vehicle sales, and 80% of production. The market has undergone significant changes in recent years however, particularly in the area of automotive fuels. Global Emissions Management looks at the market, the flexfuel option, and the role of the emissions ...

  • Automotive Development and Progress in HORIBA`s Emission Measurement Technologies

    The progress in HORIBA's emissions measurement systems has been closely connected to trends in vehicle development. Innovations in automotive technology, stemming from emission regulations and implementation of computer control systems, have especially had great influence on analytical technologies. With the advent of emission regulations, HORIBA developed its first automotive emission analyzer, ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Global innovation vs. local regulation: introduction of automotive emission control in Sweden and Europe

    The increasing effects of pollution in larger cities in Europe in the 1960s spurred investigations into the sources of pollution and the means for its reduction. One important source of pollution was found to be the increasing fleet of passenger cars. In difference to a common description like "strict vehicle emission regulations were established in EU and EFTA countries in 1995", this paper ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Time-resolved ammonia measurement in vehicle exhaust

    The objective of this study was to identify the influence of sampling and analytical approach on the quality of NH3 emission data of a gasoline-fuelled three-way catalyst vehicle. NH3 concentration measurements have been performed in the tailpipe and in the diluted exhaust after a constant volume sampling (CVS) system during five different test cycles. Chemical ionisation mass spectrometry ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards an ecological culture for the automobile industry: a case study from China

    This paper explores the nature of the ecological culture for the auto industry and the protection of the environment using China as a case study example. From the study, a comparative analysis showed that 75% of state-owned auto enterprises met the Euro III emission standards, while 67% of non-state-owned auto enterprises reached the Euro IV emission standards. It was recommended that this gap ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • CO2 benefit from the increasing percentage of diesel passenger cars in Switzerland

    One efficient way to decrease CO2 emissions is to replace gasoline passenger cars by diesel cars. The paper examines the benefit of CO2 emissions in the case of an increased diesel penetration in Switzerland, according to several scenarios assuming different future passenger car registrations and fuel consumption. The results show that a significant CO2 benefit can be achieved if a diesel ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How can industrial regulations be improved to avoid any potential emissions reporting scandal (Avoiding a VW type scandal)

    The VW automotive emissions testing scandal has signifi cant environmental implications due to the mismatch between expected and actual emissions of NOX . Many consider that the ultimate responsibility lies with VW on the issue, however it is important to consider the role of the regulator in supporting an industry backed testing regime which does not absolutely refl ect actual emissions. While ...

  • Introduction of Automotive Testing Department

    Strongly linked with the automotive industry, the history of automotive testing business by HORIBA Group has developed itself along with innovative automotive technologies. Since the first emission measurement system developed in 1964 following the launch of automobile emission control, HORIBA Group has continued strengthening emission control and advancing the emission reduction technologies as ...


    By HORIBA Europe GmbH

  • Automobile technology, hydrogen and climate change: a long term modelling analysis

    The transitions in the global automobile sector in the 21st century are uncertain both in terms of technologies and energy carriers. A key driving force of technological change in the long term could be the need to mitigate GHG emissions. This paper examines the role of the passenger car sector in a GHG mitigation strategy and presents a scenario of the automobile technology choices when a price ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Optimal vehicle batching and sequencing to reduce energy consumption and atmospheric emissions in automotive paint shops

    Reducing energy consumption and carbon emissions is an important issue to achieve sustainable manufacturing. In automotive assembly plants, the largest amount of energy consumption and atmospheric emissions is in paint shop. Optimising the energy usage to pursue maximum energy savings, and reducing carbon dioxide equivalent emissions are of significant importance in automotive paint shops. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Book Review: Particulate Emissions from Vehicles by Peter Eastwood

    Particulate Emissions from Vehicles, by Peter Eastwood. West Sussex, UK, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2008. ISBN: 978-0-470-72455-2 Keywords: book ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Canarina DISPER software · motor vehicle emissions · commands 17

    Export Picture.- With this command you will be able to export images and pictures (BMP files). These images will contain the background picture and the simulation results. Many programs, computer applications and word processors (AutoCad, 3d Studio, ArcView, MS Word,...) import BMP files. You will be able to load images ...

  • Treating air emissions at a major automotive manufacturer - Case Study

    Project highlights and product features Alternative vapor treatment approach for 105,000-SCFM plant exhaust related to vehicle painting operations Eliminated auxiliary fuel use for emission control, a major element of attaining year 2020 CO2 emission reduction goals, nearly a decade ...


    By ECT2

  • Vehicle Emissions – How to Catch Defeat Devices

    There are many vehicles that have a large impact on the environment in many places around the world. Today, pollutant emissions is a hot topic, both for legislators, the vehicle industry, and a concerned public. In the article “A Step-by-Step Methodology for Vehicle Testing to Catch Defeat Devices” by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) a ...


    By Opsis AB

  • Project - SAPA, Kungälv

    Painting on car parts. Emissions: VOC. Airflow rate: 60 000 m3/h. Removal efficiency: 97 %. ...


    By VOC Technology

  • Asthma in children: seasonal variations

    Asthma has shown a steady increase in prevalence globally for the past two and a half decades. The environmental factors strongly tilt the balance over genetic factors as causative factors. To find out the current prevalence, spectrum and seasonal variation of asthma, and to compare with the previous studies from the same place, prospective hospital-based study based on respiratory evaluation of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Hydrocarbon evaporative emissions & control for automotives

    Even the cleanest and most efficient vehicle on the market today still pollutes the air and otherwise damages the environment. Motor vehicles emit several noxious pollutants which vehicle emissions standards are designed to regulate. Vehicles generally emit Hydrocarbons (HC), Carbon monoxide (CO), Nitrogen oxides (NOx) and Fine airborne particulate matter (PM) as pollutants that require control. ...

  • Cars, trucks and the environment

    Using limited resources responsibly and protecting our environment: these are probably the greatest assignments of society today. In both respects, European automobile manufacturers have an important role to play and they are embracing this challenge. Vehicle makers are technology leaders, driving innovation towards cleaner, ‘greener’ transport. Every year, lower-emission new cars, vans and ...

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