backwash media filter Articles

  • Innovative Multi-Media Filter – Continuous Backwash Filter

    The disadvantages of conventional MMF based pretreatment Conventional pretreatment is based on multimedia filters (MMF) implemented in large scale desalination plants. Although this filtration method is well proven and provides reliable filtration efficiency, it conceals an inherent drawback, the disadvantages of which relate mainly to the backwashing mechanism. The ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Filter backwashing: When and how

    Backwashing filters is a necessary and important part of the filtration process. Many operating problems associated with the filtration process can be traced to delayed or inadequate backwashing. Producing a high-quality and low turbidity filtered water depends on having clean media free of cracks and mudballs. The Interim Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule, promulgated on Dec.16, 1998, lowers ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • Effective production of rapid filters with polystyrene granules as a media filter

    In conventional water treatment stations, the filter cleaning is performed with the use of filtered water. To save water and obtain higher production, the use of polystyrene (PS) beads has been proposed as a granular filter element because it is a granular element with a low specific mass. By being lightweight, this material requires a lower water velocity during backwash. The PS beads were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alternative filter media for potable water treatment

    Need for Research Roughing filters at London works: Low backwash rates for filters at older works Inability to keep sand clean (rising normalised starting head loss) Vulnerability to algal laden water Loss of production at critical times during the year Objective: identify mono-medium & dual media alternatives to BSS 14/25 ...


    By Filtralite - Leca Norge As

  • Media expansion monitoring improves filtration

    In municipal surface water treatment plants, optimum filter performance is a crucial component. Filtration is the primary treatment process at water treatment plants, and backwashing is the primary means to keep filters functioning properly to produce safe drinking water for the public. Since 2000, Entech Design, Inc. has used underwater acoustic sensing technology to monitor filter media ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • Influence of air flow rate and backwashing on the hydraulic behaviour of a submerged filter

    The aim of this study was to evaluate backwashing effects on the apparent porosity of the filter media and on the hydraulic behaviour of a pilot scale submerged filter, prior to biofilm colonization, under different hydraulic retention times, and different air flow rates. Tracer curves were analysed with two mathematical models for ideal and non-ideal flow (axial dispersion and Wolf and Resnick ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The role of backwash in start-up of full-scale drinking water biofilters

    The purpose of backwashing during the start-up period of rapid biofilters at drinking water treatment plants differs significantly from the purpose of backwashing during normal operation. During start-up, finished water quality is secondary, detachment of microorganisms must be minimized, dust present in the original filter media must be removed and inherent inoculation of the biofilter with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of municipal sewage by Biological Aerated Filter (BAF) using burned clay pellet as media

    The high-strength municipal sewage was treated by the two-stage Biological Aerated Filter (BAF) pilot system with microorganism carrier of burned clay pellet. The effects of hydraulic loading rate, aeration ratio, overloading, backwashing and the height of media on the performance of BAF were investigated. In higher hydraulic loading and lower ratio of aeration, the two-stage BAF may decrease ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Wastewater treatment in an anaerobic filter using small lava stones as filter media without temperature control

    For their simplicity and using cheap support materials, biological filtration of municipal wastewater can be adequate for developing countries where the legislation is not as strict as in other countries, like the members of the European Union. Biological filters are fixed biomass reactors where the suspended pollutants can easily be retained and the dissolved substances can be transformed by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Practical Applications of Static Low Density Media Filters for Use in the Treatment of Domestic Wastewater

    ABSTRACTIn the treatment of domestic wastewater, both biological and physical contaminant removal mechanisms must occur to facilitate compliance with NPDES permit discharge requirements. Static low density media (SLDM) filters can be used to perform both of these duties allowing for the consolidation of various unit operations into one component. Previous studies have shown that both organic and ...

  • Identification of the bacterial population in manganese removal filters

    The aim of this study was to identify bacteria present in ripened manganese removal filters for drinking water production. The bacterial population was identified with ‘next generation’ DNA sequencing, and specific bacteria were quantified with quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and characterized by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • AQUA ENVIRO - Final Report - Full ScaleTrials of Recycled Glass as Tertiary Filter Media for Wastewater Treatment. GLA36-010

    The report summarises the findings of both pilot-, and full-scale trials comparing the performance of recycled glass and sand as filter medium in tertiary filtration for suspended solids removal during wastewater treatment. The trials were undertaken at three sites: the Malton municipal wastewater treatment plant operated by Yorkshire Water; Stubbins Paper Mill, Ramsbottom, operated by Georgia ...

  • Micro Media Filtration Proving Effective in Produced Water Softening Systems

    Having an eff ective, durable pretreatment system in advance of ion exchange produced-water softening systems is the fi rst, most critical line of defense – ensuring smooth, more troublefree performance downstream. It’s especially true when dealing with today’s ion exchange technologies, which require TSS (total suspended solids) of 0.1-0.5 mg/L and turbidities of 0.1-1 NTU ...


    By Eco-Tec Inc.

  • Cause of rapid monochloramine decay observed in treated water

    Rapid monochloramine decay has been observed in the product water of three River Murray water treatment plants (WTPs). Previous investigations identified that rapid monochloramine decay was microbiological in nature and observed in samples taken after media filtration but was absent in filtered water samples from a fourth WTP of similar design. The filters at the WTP not exhibiting rapid decay ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New Cloth Media Filter System Replace 4 MGD Traveling Bridge Filters with 12 MGD Capacity in Existing Tankage

    ABSTRACTThe Little Falls Run Wastewater Treatment Facility began experiencing operational difficulties with the dual-bay traveling bridge filter process as flows approached the rated capacity for the filters. Although initially the Utilities Department staff intended to duplicate the original filter process and thereby double the capacity, the recent introduction of a cloth media filter product ...

  • Advanced Filtration Media (AFM): Clean Water Market Analysis

    Executive Summary This report has been prepared by Entec to provide a market assessment of the application of AFM (Advanced Filtration Media) for potable water treatment. The work has been carried out on behalf of BREWEB, the Environmental Body of the Building Research Establishment and Dryden Aqua Limited, the developers of AFM. AFM is a high quality product that has been developed as ...

  • Building on tradition

    A new technology is making a name for itself in potable water filtration. And, according to AMT Systems, it is the most cost-efficient advance since the introduction of the dual media filter. Your filters need to be washed every day. What would your energy, water and waste treatment saving be if they only required washing every four or five days? You need to increase the output of the works. Are ...


    By Filtralite - Leca Norge As

  • Bed expansion affects performance

    The experience of Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection staff over 14 years conducting filter plant performance evaluations led investigators to identify a coomon thread:'inadequate filter bed expansion eventually contributes to poor filter performance and reduced finished water quality.' The article points our that and insufficiently expanded filter is insufficiently cleaned, and ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • A study of feasibility for water purification using vertical porous concrete filter

    Abstract: There is a need to find cheaper and simpler techniques for rural water filtration system in developing countries. Using a filter made of blocks for the water treatment enables one to make vertical filters. It is expected that the amount of land utilized would decrease by more than 70 % if vertical filters were used. The operation and washing would be simpler than using horizontal sand ...

  • Alto Lampa, Chile - Case Study

    Fast Facts Contaminant: Arsenic Flow Rate: 800 gpm The residential subdivision of Alto Lampa is a rapidly developing neighborhood located just outside of Santiago de Chile. The community is served by two wells, each with a flow of 800 gallon per minute (50 liters per second), running one at a time. Both wells produce raw ...

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