backwash turbidity Articles

  • Optimizing filter backwashing

    Optimum filter performance has become a critical component of surface water treatment. For conventional and direct filtration systems, LT1ESWTR requires the combined filter effluent turbidity be less than or equal to 0.3 NTU’s for 95% of the readings taken each month. At no time may the readings exceed 1 NTU. As regulations change and filtration is pushed toward the lower limits of turbidity ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • Filter backwashing: When and how

    Backwashing filters is a necessary and important part of the filtration process. Many operating problems associated with the filtration process can be traced to delayed or inadequate backwashing. Producing a high-quality and low turbidity filtered water depends on having clean media free of cracks and mudballs. The Interim Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule, promulgated on Dec.16, 1998, lowers ...


    By Entech Design, Inc.

  • The role of backwash in start-up of full-scale drinking water biofilters

    The purpose of backwashing during the start-up period of rapid biofilters at drinking water treatment plants differs significantly from the purpose of backwashing during normal operation. During start-up, finished water quality is secondary, detachment of microorganisms must be minimized, dust present in the original filter media must be removed and inherent inoculation of the biofilter with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ceramic membrane ultrafiltration of natural surface water with ultrasound enhanced backwashing

    Ultrafiltration membrane cleaning with ultrasound enhanced backwashing was investigated with two ceramic membrane systems in parallel. One of them was subjected to ultrasound during backwashing, the other acted as a reference system. The feed water was directly taken from a creek with a sedimentation process as only pre-treatment. The cleaning performance was improved with ultrasound but after 3 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimum backwashing conditions and ammonium-nitrogen treatment efficiency of iron oxide modified sands coated in biofilm

    In this study, iron oxide modified sands with nano-pores (IOMSNP) were enveloped in biofilm (B-IOMSNP) in order to treat the ammonium-nitrogen (NH4+-N) in micro-polluted raw water. The biomass, optimum backwashing conditions, treatment efficiency, and surface morphological properties of the B-IOMSNP were investigated via bio-filtration experiments. The raw quartz sands (RQS) and IOMSNP ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Long-term studies on hybrid ceramic microfiltration for treatment of surface water containing high dissolved organic matter

    This long-term pilot-scale study on the performance of ceramic microfiltration (CMF) was conducted at the Bangkhen water treatment plant (BWTP), with the raw water from Chaophraya River, Thailand. Raw water turbidity and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) were varied in the ranges of 20–210 NTU and 3.0–8.5 mg/L respectively. The hybrid pilot-scale CMF (Pilot-CMF) operational parameters ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Project profile - Melody Woods Water Company Los Gatos, California iron and manganese treatment system

    Background In February 2009, the Melody Woods Water Company selected and began working with AdEdge Technologies to assist with the design and implementation of a Manganese, Iron and Turbidity treatment system to serve the water supply for Melody Woods in Los Gatos, California. The site has two existing groundwater supply wells that provide drinking water for approximately 53 connections ...

  • Microfiltration Pilot System, California

    INTRODUCTION In May 2013, Pure Aqua, Inc. successfully manufactured and supplied an microfiltration pilot system to a membrane manufacturer for Title 22 certification. Title 22 is the State of California’s stringent standard for treatment/disinfection of wastewater for non-potable reuse and ...


    By Pure Aqua, Inc.

  • Confirmation of the correlation between membrane fouling in microfiltration and biopolymer concentrations in various Japanese surface waters

    A variety of surface waters used for drinking water sources were collected from different parts of Japan to investigate a correlation between the concentration of hydrophilic biopolymer (e.g. proteins and polysaccharides) in the feed water and membrane fouling in microfiltration. Hollow-fiber membranes made from polyvinylidene fluoride with a nominal pore size of 0.1 μm were used in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of a conventional surface water plant using mixed-oxidants for microflocculation and final disinfection

    The City of Santa Fe, NM utilizes both surface water and well water to achieve a system-wide peak production of 22 million gallons per day (MGD). In March 1998, the city incorporated MIOX mixedoxidant disinfection technology for pre-treatment and final disinfection of the water treated in an 8 MGD surface water plant. Concurrently, a filter backwash recycling system was installed as well as ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Blairlinnans WTW, Scottish Water, 91 MLD

    The Client Scottish Water is the UK's fourth largest water utility. They are responsible for the whole of Scotland and islands around the Scottish coast, including the major cities of Glasgow, Edinburgh and Aberdeen. The Client's Needs Scottish Water required a new water treatment works in the Glasgow area to meet revised water quality standards, particularly ...


  • Micro Media Filtration Proving Effective in Produced Water Softening Systems

    Having an eff ective, durable pretreatment system in advance of ion exchange produced-water softening systems is the fi rst, most critical line of defense – ensuring smooth, more troublefree performance downstream. It’s especially true when dealing with today’s ion exchange technologies, which require TSS (total suspended solids) of 0.1-0.5 mg/L and turbidities of 0.1-1 NTU ...


    By Eco-Tec Inc.

  • Kannata Valley, Canada - Case Study

    In November 2009 AdEdge Water Technologies, LLC was selected among other vendors in a Tender by the Resort Village of Kannata Valley (RVKV) to supply an arsenic, iron, manganese and turbidity treatment system for their community in Silton, Saskatchewan. Prior to selection, AdEdge worked with its local representative, the Water Clinic on piloting the system that was chosen. The water system ...

  • Reclaimed Water Chlorination: Reducing Chemical Cost and Improving Disinfection Efficiency

     ABSTRACT Irvine Ranch Water District’s (IRWD’s) Michelson Water Reclamation Plant (MWRP) produces 14 MGD of reclaimed water for unrestricted landscape irrigation. The reclaimed water distribution system includes two seasonal storage reservoirs that are considered waters of the State. Nitrogen removal at the plant and dechlorination prior to the reservoirs are therefore required. The ...

  • Project profile - uranium treatment system Middletown Springs Elementary School Vermont

    Background The Middletown Springs Elementary School in Vermont is located in an area of the U.S. very susceptible to the formation of naturally-occurring uranium. Due to the high levels of uranium detected in the well water serving the School, it was placed on a “Do-not-Drink Advisory”. AdEdge was contacted by Otter Creek Engineering in June 2009 to assist the School in ...

  • Beverage Manufacturer to Cut Disposal Cost

    THE PROBLEM A Pennsylvania general contractor with much experience within the beverage industry, saw that water utilization at a major food and beverage manufacturer’s facilities would benefit from an integrated approach to minimizing water consumption, while simultaneously optimizing boiler and cooling water treatment issues.  By adopting such an approach, the contractor planned to offer ...


    By Samsco Corporation

  • Performance Assessment of New Membrane Bioreactor Systems at Average and Peak Flow Operation

    To assess the operational performance and effluent water quality of five newly developed membrane bioreactor systems, MWH and City of San Diego conducted a 18-month pilot study at the Point Loma Wastewater Treatment (PLWWTP), San Diego, CA. Various configurations of MBR systems, i.e. hollow-fiber, flat-sheet and external tubular membranes, were tested during the study. Funded by the U.S. Bureau ...

  • South West Water Exmouth case study

    It can be a tough job for the water treatment industry, faced with the needs to ensure the effectiveness of their treatment plants and processes whilst keeping operating costs within strict budgets. Finding a solution to these challenges means not only investing in the most appropriate technologies so that treatment works fulfil their obligations, but also evaluating ways of optimising ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Higher filtration rates mean better results for Filtronics customers

    Filtronics has been ahead of the curve in terms of providing create, effective and cost efficient water treatmentsystems for city water ...


    By Filtronics, Inc.

  • Park City, Utah Arsenic removal from ground water

    Background Park City Utah Water, which serves a population of 6,500, has five water sources. Spiro Tunnel and Spiro Portal are two that were in need of Iron and Manganese removal as well as above limits for Arsenic. Filtronics was engaged by the engineering firm of Eckhoff, Watson and Preator (EWP), Salt Lake City, to perform pilot tests for the Park City Municipal Corporation. The ...


    By Filtronics, Incorporated

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