baseline water quality data Articles

  • Baseline groundwater quality in unconventional oil and gas fields

    In recent years, expansion of unconventional oil and gas production has prompted significant interest in potential impacts on drinking water resources. In many cases, water quality investigations rely on access to landowner water wells to develop baseline data prior to drilling; respond to spills, complaints, or incidents; or evaluate potential impacts due to drilling, completion, hydraulic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of water quality indices to define surface water quality in Tehran

    Tehran is one of the capitals of the world that is not situated around a river, therefore surface water discharges into a network of natural streams and even some artificial canals. Owing to the lack of sewerage system, part of the sewage runs to the network of streams without any control. The aim of this work is to identify a baseline for the water quality, which will then help policy-makers and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • OVA5000 used to gather river quality data in Greece

    Cogent Environmental, in collaboration with its Greek partner, has recently completed a successful installation of one of its online heavy metal analysers, the OVA5000, in a remote location in the Amvrakikos Kolpos region of Greece. Cogent Environmental’s capabilities Cogent Environmental Ltd specialises in the development of online systems for monitoring heavy meals, ...

  • Water quality – water main renewal planner (Q-WARP): development and application

    The impact of deteriorating pipes on water quality (WQ) in the distribution network has not been consistently taken into account in decision making related to pipe renewals. In this paper, a detailed modeling approach based on fuzzy cognitive maps is developed using fuzzy rule-based models and fuzzy measures theory to investigate potential of WQ (physical, chemical, and biological) failure in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring Environmental Quality

    ' In order to determine the effectiveness of actions to improve environmental quality it is necessary to be able to measure relevant environmental parameters at a level of detail which is accurate enough to distinguish the anticipated changes. However, the establishment and maintenance of monitoring systems is time-consuming and expensive and therefore the scale of such systems needs to be kept ...


    By The World Bank

  • Toxicity Identification Evaluation (TIE) as a Tool for Water Quality Management

    Whole effluent toxicity (WET) testing has evolved into a critical element of many National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits issued to both industrial and municipal dischargers. Over 6,500 dischargers to both fresh and salt waters are required to conduct toxicity tests to determine if their effluent might be potentially toxic to organisms in the receiving system. While ...


    By AECOM

  • Changes in the water quantity and quality of the Euphrates river are associated with natural aspects of the landscape

    It has been argued that dam construction and irrigation projects in Turkey and Syria would diminish the flow of the Euphrates River and increase salinity levels. However, previous studies have not systematically defined the baseline changes in the quantity and quality of the river water. In this study, we associate variations in flow quantity and quality of water with natural aspects. We ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality of lowland, permeable Chalk rivers: the Frome and Piddle catchments, west Dorset, UK

    This paper provides a baseline interpretation of extensive hydrochemical characteristics of UK Chalk catchments based on the Frome/Piddle (west Dorset), a major component of the LOCAR (Lowland Catchment Research) programme. It examines a wide range of chemical determinands using data from two long-term (1979–2000) river water monitoring sites. The water quality of the Frome and Piddle is very ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Catchment process affecting drinking water quality, including the significance of rainfall events, using factor analysis and event mean concentrations

    To ensure the protection of drinking water an understanding of the catchment processes which can affect water quality is important as it enables targeted catchment management actions to be implemented. In this study factor analysis (FA) and comparing event mean concentrations (EMCs) with baseline values were techniques used to asses the relationships between water quality parameters and linking ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Improving Water Quality - A Review of the Mississippi River Basin Healthy Watersheds Initiative (MRBI) To Target U.S. Farm Conservation Funds

    This paper provides an assessment of the USDA’s Mississippi River Basin Healthy Watersheds Initiative (MRBI), a promising new approach to achieving cleaner water in agriculturally dominated watersheds in the United States. The initiative concentrates a portion of taxpayer-supported conservation funds in high-priority, targeted watersheds, which we found to be a better strategy than the ...

  • Water recreation and illness severity

    The health endpoint of prior studies of water recreation has been the occurrence of gastrointestinal (GI) illness. This dichotomous measure fails to take into account the range of symptom severity among those with GI illness, and those who develop GI symptoms but who do not satisfy the definition of GI illness. Data from two US cohort studies were used to assess use of ordinal and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What Is Water Scarcity?

    Whether it’s from drought or lack of access, more than a billion people around the world don’t have enough clean water ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Surface Water Monitoring - Case Study

    Safe operation of a Water Treatment Plant (WTP) requires careful monitoring of the water supply influent to the plant, as a guard for any substances entering the treatment works that could negatively impact treated water quality in the distribution system. One aspect of water quality that has recently garnered more attention from authorities and utilities is Natural Organic Matter (NOM), which ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Water monitoring commences in mines of West Africa

    As Sierra Leone looks to attract a new wave of mining investment in order to boost its economic profile, bringing water mine management standards in line with global best practices has become a priority. Government officials, academia, general citizens and companies have all become committed to improving standards with regards to water management in mining. As a key player in regulation ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Homeland Security for Drinking Water Supplies

    As it has done with other jurisdictions, Congress has recently passed legislation aimed at protecting our nation's drinking water resources. Historically, water supply protection has been a high priority, including reservoir protection, continuous monitoring, and secure and redundant facilities to ensure an uninterrupted supply of drinking water. The Clean Water Act (1972), requires pollution ...


    By AECOM

  • Biofilm control strategies in industrial processing waters

    Bacterial biofilms cause a number of serious problems for industrial fluid processing operations. Mechanical blockages, impedance of heat transfer processes and microbially induced corrosion result in billions of dollars of losses each year. In engineered systems, such as cooling water systems, food processing, and other industrial applications possible risk to public health and product spoilage ...

  • 5 Sobering realities about global water security

    Some people say that water is the oil of the 21st Century. If only water were that simple. Water is very complicated. It’s affected by large-scale issues like climate change and globalization. International commerce moves virtual water (the water it takes to grow or produce a product) from ...

  • Assessing protozoan risks for surface drinking water supplies in Nova Scotia, Canada

    Protozoa, such as Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia lamblia, pose a human health risk when present in drinking water. To minimize health risks, the Nova Scotia Treatment Standards for surface water and groundwater under the direct influence of surface water require a 3-log reduction for Giardia cysts and Cryptosporidium oocysts. This study ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low-Flow (Minimal Drawdown) Ground-Water Sampling Procedures

    Untitled Document Background The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Managing RCRA statistical requirements to minimize ground water monitoring costs

    Abstract This paper will provide an overview of how ground water monitoring statistical choices can significantly impact a facility's ground water monitoring costs. For example, a recent study analyzed the long term ground-water monitoring cost impacts of different statistical analysis approaches on over 20 landfills. The study found that the choice of statistical approach can make over a ...


    By Sanitas Technologies

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