batch digester Articles

  • Anaerobic batch co-digestion of Spartina alterniflora and potato

    The potential of mesophilic anaerobic batch digestion for the treatment of Spartina alterniflora, an invasive species widely distributed along Chinese coastlines, through co-digestion with readily biodegradable organics has been assessed. The accumulative biogas yield from S. alterniflora alone was 251 ml/g Total Solid (TS) (at 35°C), at TS of 6%, co-digestion with 80% of S. alterniflora and 20% ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Grease waste and sewage sludge co-digestion enhancement by thermal hydrolysis: batch and fed-batch assays

    Grease waste (GW) is an adequate substrate for sewage sludge co-digestion since, coming from a waste water treatment plant, it has a high methane potential (489 NmLCH4/gVSin); however, no synergistic effect takes place when co-digesting with 52%VS grease. Conversely, thermal hydrolysis (TH) improves the anaerobic digestion of GW (43% higher kinetics) and biological sludge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sequencing batch reactor

    Sequencing batch reactors (SBR) or sequential batch reactors are industrial processing tanks for the treatment of wastewater. SBR reactors treat waste water such as sewage or output from anaerobic digesters or mechanical biological treatment facilities in batches. Oxygen is bubbled through the waste water to reduce biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) to make suitable ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sequencing batch reactor

    Sequencing batch reactors (SBR) sequential batch reactors are industrial processing tanks for the treatment of wastewater. SBR reactors treat waste water such as sewage or output from anaerobic digesters or mechanical biological treatment facilities in batches. Oxygen is bubbled through the waste water to reduce biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) to make suitable for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic digestion of aliphatic polyesters

    Anaerobic processes for the treatment of plastic materials waste represent versatile and effective approach in environmental protection and solid waste management. In this work, anaerobic biodegradability of model aliphatic polyesters, poly(L-lactic acid) (PLA), and poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL), in the form of powder and melt-pressed films with varying molar mass, was studied. Biogas production ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of various leachate recirculation strategies on batch anaerobic digestion of solid substrates

    Various leachate recirculation strategies were applied to a batch-wise operated solid-phase digestion system in laboratory-scale tests. Comparative experiments with both continuous and intermittent leachate recirculation revealed no advantages of a continuous flow. Results suggest that leachate recirculation should not be carried out continuously during process initialisation when methanogenesis ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anaerobic batch degradation of cattail by rumen cultures

    The anaerobic batch digestion of cattail with two substrate concentrations of 10 g and 30 g Volatile Solids (VS)/l was investigated in this study. The hydrolysis of cattail was not significantly affected by the substrate concentrations, and it was able to be described by a first-order kinetic model with hydrolysis constants of 0.298 d−1 and 0.294 d−1, respectively. The main aqueous products from ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anaerobic digestion of macroalgae: methane potentials, pre-treatment, inhibition and co-digestion

    In the present study we tested four macroalgae species – harvested in Denmark – for their suitability of bioconversion to methane. In batch experiments (53 °C) methane yields varied from 132 ml g volatile solids−1 (VS) for Gracillaria vermiculophylla, 152 ml g VS−1 for Ulva lactuca, 166 ml g VS−1 for Chaetomorpha linum and 340 ml g VS−1 for Saccharina ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Struvite precipitation in raw and co-digested swine slurries for nutrients recovery in batch reactors

    The release of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) from agro-industrial sources is a major environmental concern. Furthermore, the scarcity of mineable P and the growing demand for food worldwide necessitate that we find an alternative P source. This study applied struvite precipitation for N-P recovery to slurries with high levels of organics and ammonia to achieve environmental protection from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic digestion of sunflower oil cake: a current overview

    Due to the chemical and physical structure of a lignocellulosic biomass, its anaerobic digestion (AD) is a slow and difficult process. In this paper, the results obtained from a batch biochemical methane potential (BMP) test and fed-batch mesophilic AD assays of sunflower oil cake (SuOC) are presented. Taking into account the low digestibility shown during one-stage experiments the methane yield ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Autogenerative high pressure digestion: anaerobic digestion and biogas upgrading in a single step reactor system

    Conventional anaerobic digestion is a widely applied technology to produce biogas from organic wastes and residues. The biogas calorific value depends on the CH4 content which generally ranges between 55 and 65%. Biogas upgrading to so-called ‘green gas’, with natural gas quality, generally proceeds with add-on technologies, applicable only for biogas flows >100 m3/h. In the concept of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methanization and mineralization of 2-chlorophenol by anaerobic digestion

    The aim of this study is to contribute to the knowledge about 2-Chlorophenol (2CP) mineralization and methanization in batch culture. This work was focused on evaluating the effect of: (i) the use of sludge with different periods of previous contact to 2CP, (ii) the electron donor addition in stoichiometric relation with 2CP and (iii) the presence of different initial oxygen concentrations. When ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Combined experiences of thermal hydrolysis and anaerobic digestion

    The basic principles of batch thermal hydrolysis process (THP) are well known and have been put into full practice in 20 plants around the world. This paper reviews the historical development of the process and the latest thinking on the application of THP from a number of sources in Europe. An independent investigation of the vendors claims support the data for the benefits claimed to date. The ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Winery and distillery wastewater treatment by anaerobic digestion

    ABSTRACTAnaerobic digestion is widely used for wastewater treatment, especially in the food industries. Generally after the anaerobic treatment there is an aerobic post-treatment in order to return the treated water to nature. Several technologies are applied for winery wastewater treatment. They are using free cells or flocs (anaerobic contact digesters, anaerobic sequencing batch reactors and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advances in Thermophilic Anaerobic Digestion

    ABSTRACTSignificant advances have been made in the knowledge base and practical options for improving thermophilic anaerobic digestion over the past 10 to 15 years. Today, more options exist that promise to enhance the degree of stabilization achieved and finished product quality in new and retrofitted existing processes. In parallel, the body of knowledge regarding pathogen inactivation in these ...

  • Combination of batch experiments with continuous reactor data for ADM1 calibration: application to anaerobic digestion of pig slurry

    Modelling anaerobic digestion processes is a key aspect of studying and optimizing digesters and related waste streams. However, for the satisfactory prediction of biogas production and effluent characteristics, some parameters have to be calibrated according to the characteristics of the substrates. This article describes a calibration procedure for the IWA ‘Anaerobic Digestion Model no. 1’ ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of Continuous Flow Anaerobic Sludge Digesters after Microwave Pretreatment

    Effects of microwave (MW) pretreatment on waste activated sludge (WAS) in mesophilic semicontinuous (SC) anaerobic digesters with acclimatized inoculum at sludge retention times (SRTs) of 5, 10 and 20 d are presented. Preliminary batch digesters were also studied in order determine the optimum MW temperature (T), MW intensity (I), WAS concentration (C) and volume percentage of WAS pretreated (PT) ...

  • Evaluation of anaerobic digestion processes for short sludge-age waste activated sludge combined with anammox treatment of digestate liquor

    The need to reduce energy input and enhance energy recovery from wastewater is driving renewed interest in high-rate activated sludge treatment (i.e. short hydraulic and solids retention times (HRT and SRT, respectively)). This process generates short SRT activated sludge stream, which should be highly degradable. However, the evaluation of anaerobic digestion of short SRT sludge has been ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Innovation Key To Biosolids Digestion

    A $400 million project at the Blue Plains Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant (AWTP) in Washington, D.C., involves building an innovative biosolids management system comprised of a thermal hydrolysis process, four 3.8-million gallon mesophilic digesters (measuring 70-ft tall by 100-ft in diameter) with fixed covers, a cogeneration system consisting of three 4.6-MW Solar Mercu ry 50 gas turbines ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Laboratory-scale anaerobic sequencing batch reactor for treatment of stillage from fruit distillation

    This work describes batch anaerobic digestion tests carried out on stillages, the residue of the distillation process on fruit, in order to contribute to the setting of design parameters for a planned plant. The experimental apparatus was characterized by three reactors, each with a useful volume of 5 L. The different phases of the work carried out were: determining the basic components of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

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