bathing water regulation Articles

  • Modeling and evaluation of compliance to water quality regulations in bathing areas on the Daoulas catchment and estuary (France)

    The microbiological quality of waters in estuaries determines their acceptability for recreational uses. Microbiological contamination often results from urban wastewater discharges or non-point source pollution (manure spreading), and can cause bathing zones to be closed. European regulations (EC/7/2006) have proposed standards (500 E. coli/100 ml) for the acceptability areas for bathing. In ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Gray Water Characteristics and Implications on Regulations for Sustainable Water Reuse

    Different types of gray water in terms of origin (from bathing, kitchen and laundry activities) and in terms of type of source (medium and low-income residential housing and a hotel) have been studied in Gaborone, Botswana during 2004, with respect to BOD5, TSS, TP, pH, fecal coliforms and conductivity. Results show an expected high variability. No statistically significant difference was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The potential of lipopolysaccharide as a real-time biomarker of bacterial contamination in marine bathing water

    The use of total lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a rapid biomarker for bacterial pollution was investigated at a bathing and surfing beach during the UK bathing season. The levels of faecal indicator bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli), the Gram-positive enterococci, and organisms commonly associated with faecal material, such as total coliforms and Bacteroides, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New hurdles for water reuse

    In a letter dated January 19, 2005, the USDA-Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) indicated that if water is to be reused in a poultry processing facility, then this reuse water must be accounted for in the plant’s HACCP program. This requirement may cause some difficulties as processors consider the associated hazard analyses. When water is used to chill or rinse broiler carcasses, fat, ...


    By Zentox Corporation

  • 100 Simple Ways To Save Water

    To improve water conservation install a rain sensor, it turns off your irrigation when it rains. Use a weather-based controller. The use of smart controllers can reduce water usage 24% a year on average. Learn about available rebate programs ...


    By Jain Irrigation, Inc

  • ASTM Standards Help Meet Need for Clean Water

    The new ASTM Water Portal provides a single access point to standards and related information about ASTM International’s diverse committees working to protect and monitor this vital global resource. Clean and safe water is the underpinning of the quality of life for people around the world. Global economies depend on water, whether it’s to support the manufacturing of goods ...


    By ASTM International

  • Hey, America: It’s time to talk about the price of water

    Recent woes have drawn unprecedented attention to the worth of fresh, clean water. Can it change the way we pay for the world’s most undervalued resource? This summer, a 90-year-old water pipe burst under Sunset Boulevard in Los Angeles, sending a geyser 30 feet into the air and a flood of troubles over the UCLA campus. Raging water and mud trapped five people, swamped 1,000 cars ...


    By Ensia

  • Adenovirus, enterovirus and thermotolerant coliforms in recreational waters from Lake Guaíba beaches, Porto Alegre, Brazil

    In the present study, molecular detection of human adenoviruses (HAdV) and enteroviruses (EV) was performed in surface water samples collected from beaches Ipanema and Lami, located on the shores of Lake Guaíba, city of Porto Alegre, RS, southern Brazil. Furthermore, water safety was evaluated by counting thermotolerant coliforms (TC), following local government regulations. A total of 36 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Oil and Water Don’t Mix – But Can They Co-Exist? - A GLOBE-Net Editorial

    Real progress is being made to reduce the environmental impacts of oil sands activities. But that message is being lost in the flood of bad press about contamination of adjacent waterways and the concerns about those ugly tailings ponds. Oil and water do not mix. But can they co-exist? GLOBE-Net, September 1, 2010 - August has not been a good month for the Alberta oil sands industry. The tidal ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Sewage Pump - Klargester is the market leader for small and medium-sized domestic treatment plant and waste water treatment systems in the UK

    There are a variety of solutions on the market for properties in the UK that are unable to connect to the main sewer by gravity. However, UK building regulations dictate that pumping stations must be used whenever possible. As a result, pumping stations are the most commonly specified solutions for off-mains developments, ahead of sewage treatment plants, such as the Biodisc, and septic tanks. ...


    By Kingspan Water & Energy

  • Modelling Saint Malo WWTP & Development of a Decision Support Tool for The Management of The Combined System Sewer-WWTP

    The regulation drawn from the French law on water of 1992 imposes on communities to treat their wastewater, except in case of exceptional rainy events. The seaside towns have also to respect the directive of 1975 concerning the quality of bathing water. Anjou Recherche launched in April 2001 an integrated study on the modelling of the sewage system of Saint Malo (Brittany, France), i.e. sewer ...

  • Nonhygienic Behavior, Knowledge, and Attitudes Among Interactive Splash Park Visitors

    Nonhygienic behavior likely contributed to three recreational waterborne illness (RWI) outbreaks at Idaho splash parks. The study described in this article examined the influence of signage and hygiene attendant presence on rates of nonhygienic behavior among children at splash parks and knowledge and attitudes of their adult supervisors. Investigators observed children for nonhygienic behaviors ...

  • Freshwater quality — SOER 2010 thematic assessment

    Water is critical for life and is integral to virtually all economic activities, including food and industrial production. Not only is clean water a prerequisite for human health and well-being, it provides for aquatic habitats that support healthy freshwater ecosystems. A range of pollutants including nutrients, biocides, pathogenic micro-organisms, industrial and household chemicals, metals and ...

  • Oil Skimmer system helps the Hide Tanning Industry

    OIL SKIMMER SYSTEMS HELP TANNING INDUSTRY IMPROVE QUALITY, SAVE MONEY, MEET ENVIRONMENTAL REGSThe Oil Skimmers Model 6V and 5H oil recovery systems are helping the tanning industry deal with the age-old problems of hide treatment and the new challenge of complying with strict environmental regulations.THE PROBLEMWhen hides are tanned, they are treated with a substance called chrome ...


    By Oil Skimmers, Inc.

  • Municipal Wastewater

    Municipal wastewater namely sewage is generated by residential, institutional, commercial and industrial establishments. It includes household waste liquid from toilets,baths,showers,kitchens, and sinks drained into sewers. In many areas, sewage also includes liquid waste from industry and commerce. The separation and draining of household waste into greywater and blackwater is becoming more ...


    By Horizon Water Co., Ltd.

  • Membrex Membrane Bioreactor - Croisières AML, QC, Canada

    Customer: Croisières AML Croisières AML is the most important cruise-expedition company in Canada. With a fleet of 18 boats located in 8 different ports in the province, near 650 employees welcome 500,000 passengers every year. In order to obtain from Transport Canada all the certifications and permits that are needed, each of their ships must meet very specific ...


    By Premier Tech Aqua

  • San Alfonso del Mar, Chili case study

    Crystal Lagoons Corp. and Technology San Alfonso del Mar seawater swimming pool is the largest swimming pool of the world made by Crystal Lagoons Corp. (www.crystal-lagoons.com). It is 1.013 metres (3.324 ft) long, contains 250 million litres of water and has a surface area of 8 hectares (19,77 acre), it was completed in December 2006. This ...


    By LG Sonic

  • When is a Sewer not a Sewer

    Any Sewer is a Sewer –isn’t it? If you were to ask the average man on the street what happened to the water that left his house via the myriad of drain pipes, overflows, soil stacks, gutters, sewer pipes etc would he really know what happened to it? Do consumers actually know or understand that there are different sewers running under their feet? In an effort to control the spiralling ...

  • Wastewater and groundwater

    Nearly 25 percent of the population in the United States—in more than 25 million homes—disposes of wastewater through onsite, or unsewered, systems that return treated effluent to the ground. This is an important public health issue because many of those same homes use wells that rely on groundwater for the drinking water supply. With ...

  • Wyman Gordon Case Study

    Wyman-Gordon is a world class materials company with nearly 200 years of metals engineering experience. They are the acknowledged leader in the production of high-quality closed-die forgings and extrusions for the most critical applications. Markets served include those for commercial and military aircraft; gas turbine engines; oil and gas exploration; land based gas turbine and power generation; ...


    By Mech-Chem Associates, Inc.

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