bentonite Articles

  • Case study - pumping bentonite

    Location: Germany Year: 2009 Working Context description The project is the construction of a big commercial and residential area in northern Germany during foundations phase. Diaphragm walls and Cut Off Walls are a techniques for the construction of permanent or temporary in-situ impermeable barriers. In order to stabilize side walls bentonite ...


    By Dragflow S.r.l.

  • Characteristics of a Bentonite Slurry as a Sealant

    Many of the technologies that relate to groundwater use bentonite slurries. The results of a laboratory investigation aimed at determining the characteristics of a bentonite slurry as a sealant are presented herein. Slurry indicator tests were used to determine the physical characteristics of the slurry, and performance tests, such as hydraulic conductivity and model tests, were conducted to ...


    By ASTM International

  • Case study - pumping bentonite

    Location: Germany Year: 2009 Working Context description The project is the construction of a big commercial and residential area in northern Germany during foundations phase. Diaphragm walls and Cut Off Walls are a techniques for the construction of permanent or temporary in-situ impermeable barriers. In order to stabilize side walls ...


    By Dragflow North America

  • Determining Bentonite Content in Soil-Bentonite Mixtures Using Electrical Conductivity

    A procedure based on electrical conductivity is described for measuring bentonite content in soil-bentonite mixtures having a wide range of bentonite contents. Standard equipment used for sedimentation analysis and an electrical conductivity meter are required. The procedure employs calibration curves relating electrical conductivity and bentonite concentration for soil-bentonite-water slurries. ...


    By ASTM International

  • Comparison between the coagulants surfactant modified bentonite, combination chitosan-natural bentonite and combination chitosan-modified bentonite for peat water treatment

    Peat water is an abundant water resource in Asia, especially in rural areas. However, it is unsuitable to be used as a commercial water supply. Monitoring peat water characteristics at Beriah swamp, Perak, recorded colour (238 PtCo), turbidity (12.86 NTU), iron (0.89 mg/L), pH (4.8) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) (27 mg/L) over the national limitation standards. In this study, surfactant ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bentonite for ciprofloxacin removal from aqueous solution

    Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride (CIP) is the second generation of fluoroquinolone antibiotics whose residues are found in wastewater and surface water. CIP has high aqueous solubility under different pH conditions and high stability in the soil system. In this study, bentonite was used as a potential sorbent for the removal of CIP from aqueous solutions using batch experiments. The effects of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Permeability and Compressibility Behavior of Bentonite-Sand/Soil Mixes

    As a seepage barrier, slurry trench material should have a relatively low coefficient of permeability, in the range of 10-7 cm/s, and at the same time should be compatible with surrounding material with regard to compressibility. Although bentonite-sand/soil mixes are used widely, there is no specific engineering approach to proportion these mixes that satisfies the above practical requirements. ...


    By ASTM International

  • Enhanced oil–mineral aggregation with modified bentonite

    The application of modified-bentonite-enhanced oil dispersion in water and oil–mineral aggregate (OMA) formation was studied in the laboratory. The effect of modification on the surface properties of bentonite was characterized. The hydrophobicity and surface electric properties of bentonite were significantly improved by attaching cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide to its surface. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adsorption studies of Orange II onto polyaniline/bentonite nanocomposite

    Modification of bentonite is essential for the adsorption of anionic dyes, as its negative surface charge. In this study, polyaniline/bentonite (PAni-Bent) nanocomposite was synthesized by in-situ intercalative polymerization technique and used to remove anionic dye Orange II (ORII) from synthetic wastewater. Its structure was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Different methods for stabilisation of sand dunes using calcium bentonite

    Sand dunes movement in the Arabian arid area hinder land development, expansion of city limits, and diversely affects rural roads, farms, irrigation, and grazing. Early attempts to curb sand movement used agriculture schemes required continuous supply of water; chemical treatment poses environmental concerns. Studies were conducted for sand dune fixation using agricultural and chemical means, but ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Why Bentonite Hurts Well Production: The Case for Biopolymer Drilling Fluid

    Bentonite is a naturally-occurring clay material, largely composed of the mineral, sodium mont-morillonite. The dominant property of bentonite is that it swells to many times its dry volume when hydrated by water, forming a viscous fluid with high gel strength. This makes bentonite an excellent product when used as a sealant, for preventing the influx of surface water into a well, sealing ...

  • Bentonite and montmorillonite nanoparticles effectiveness in removal of fluoride from water solutions

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of montmorillonite and bentonite nanoparticles in removal of fluoride from water solutions. This experimental study has been conducted in batch condition in which the effects of different parameters such as contact time, pH, initial concentration of fluoride and amount of adsorbent mass have been investigated. Finally thermodynamics, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Visible light induced photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B by magnetic bentonite

    The photocatalytic activity of magnetic bentonite, Fe3O4 nanoparticles decorated Al-pillared bentonite (Fe3O4/Al-B), for the degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) in the presence of H2O2 under visible light (VL) was evaluated. The effects of different reaction parameters such as catalyst dose, dye concentration and externally added ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adsorption of fluoride from aqueous solution by enhanced chitosan/bentonite composite

    In this work, enhanced chitosan/bentonite composite was prepared by treating chitosan/bentonite composite with concentrated hydrochloric acid (HCl). The adsorption of fluoride ions from aqueous solution onto the enhanced chitosan/bentonite composite was investigated. Adsorption studies were performed in a batch system, and the effects of various parameters, such as the pH value of the solution, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influence of Soil Structure on the Stress-Strain Behavior of Sand-Bentonite Mixtures

    The influence of soil structure on the behavior of clay-rich mixtures has been examined. Mixtures of sand and bentonite, known as buffer, have been studied to determine their suitability for nuclear fuel waste containment. Triaxial tests have been performed on compacted specimens to determine the strength and constitutive behavior of the buffer. Two techniques were followed in preparing ...


    By ASTM International

  • Adsorption of reactive green 19 from water using polyaniline/bentonite

    Polyaniline/bentonite was used in this study to investigate its adsorption behaviors of reactive green 19. Influencing factors including contact time, pH, temperature and inorganic salts were investigated. The adsorption kinetic data fitted the pseudo-second-order model better than the pseudo-first-order and Elovich models, and the Langmuir model was better than the Freundlich model to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preparation of xanthated bentonite and its removal behavior for Pb(II) ions

    Xanthate was successfully grafted onto bentonite by a relatively simple solution reaction. The obtained xanthated bentonite (XBent) was characterized by FT-IR spectrophotometer, thermogravimetric analysis (TG), particle size analysis, x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). XBent acting as a type of environmentally friendly adsorbent was applied to remove lead ions from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Virus removal efficiency of ceramic water filters: effects of bentonite turbidity

    Ceramic water filters (CWFs) are utilized in many developing countries as point-of-use (POU) water treatment devices, to reduce waterborne pathogens in potable water. Virus removal efficiencies of several CWFs are investigated under various influent conditions using MS2 (ATCC: 15597-B1) as a surrogate phage for human enteric viruses. The addition of bentonite turbidity (6–8 NTU) in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Solar photodegradation of a textile azo dye using synthesized ZnO/Bentonite

    The present work is devoted to the synthesis of a new photocatalyst ZnO (7.5%)/Bentonite prepared by impregnation method and its successful application for the degradation of Solophenyl Red 3BL (SR 3BL) under solar light (∼660 W/m2). The X-ray diffraction (XRD) indicates mixed phases of the nanocomposite catalyst (ZnO/Bentonite), characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simultaneous sorption of aqueous phenanthrene and phosphate onto bentonites modified with AlCl3 and CTMAB

    The purpose of this work is to synthesize a new type of bentonite sorbent that can simultaneously remove both organic compounds and phosphate from water. Inorganic-organic bentonites (Al-CTMAB-Bent) were synthesized by modifying bentonites with both AlCl3 and cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTMAB). Simultaneous sorption of aqueous phenanthrene and phosphate onto Al-CTMAB-Bent was examined. ...


    By Springer

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