bentonite layer Articles

  • Removal of Mn2+ from water by bentonite coated with immobilized thin layers of natural organic matter

    A bentonite-based composite was synthesized by applying thin coatings of natural organic matter onto bentonite particles in aqueous suspension. Natural organic matter, mostly comprised of humic acids, was isolated from peat by alkaline extraction. It was insolubilized and immobilized on bentonite by heating at 350 °C in an inert nitrogen atmosphere. The composite obtained was then used to remove ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions using micro zero-valent iron supported by bentonite layer

    Hexavalent chromium Cr(VI) is of particular environmental concern due to its toxicity, mobility, and challenging removal from industrial wastewater. It is a strong oxidizing agent that is carcinogenic and mutagenic and diffuses quickly through soil and aquatic environments. Moreover, it does not form insoluble compounds in aqueous solutions; therefore, separation by precipitation is not ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Virus removal efficiency of ceramic water filters: effects of bentonite turbidity

    Ceramic water filters (CWFs) are utilized in many developing countries as point-of-use (POU) water treatment devices, to reduce waterborne pathogens in potable water. Virus removal efficiencies of several CWFs are investigated under various influent conditions using MS2 (ATCC: 15597-B1) as a surrogate phage for human enteric viruses. The addition of bentonite turbidity (6–8 NTU) in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experience with GCLs used as a conductive layer in geomembrane leak-location surveys

    Engineers, installers, regulators, and owners are starting to rely on geomembrane leak-location surveys as part of the construction quality assurance for landfills. The various methods are described in ASTM Standard D 6747.' Standard procedures for conducting leak-location surveys of geomembranes covered with earth materials are described in ASTM Standard D 7007.2 Figure 1 shows the ...

  • Canal sealing with Bentofix case study

    After the first pilot project installation of a geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) in a 1 km long section of the Havel-Oder-Waterway in 1997/98, approved by the local German Water and Ship Authority a second project followed shortly after. In a 500 m long section of the Dortmund-Ems-Canal a newly developed innovative GCL was installed under water. The installed GCL was Bentofix BZ 13-B, a ...


    By NAUE GmbH & Co.KG

  • Comparing nonreinforced and internally reinforced GCL

    Water is one of the most destructive forces on the planet, eroding everything from continents to human-made wonders. Water is also a vector by which contaminants spread from landfills and other waste reservoirs. Therefore, creating effective water seals has been a top concern in construction. For many years, factory-fabricated clay products have been the barrier of choice against water and other ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Federal motorway A6 Mannheim-Heilbronn case study

    Stable RiStWag -construction guidelines for roadways in water preservation areas Included in the A6 federal motorway construction project lot Mannheim – Heilbronn/Weinsberg, AS Bad Rappenau – AS Neckarsulm is the widening of km 631+640 and km 641+060 to six lanes. This section is runs through a water preservation zone, type IIIa, protected under RiStWag. Because of this, a ...


    By NAUE GmbH & Co.KG

  • DNAPL Remediation at Camp Lejeune Using ZVI-Clay Soil Mixing

    Site 88 at Camp Lejeune, NC is the former Base dry cleaners. Historical activities have resulted in a release of dry cleaning solvents especially perchloroethene (PCE). A 10,000 square foot source area was delineated using membrane interface probe (MIP) technology, and soil and groundwater sampling. The contamination extended from the water table (roughly 7 feet below ground surface (bgs)) down ...


    By CH2M Hill Companies, Ltd.

  • Oil and Gas Development - Onshore Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Standard Chlorine of Delaware Remediation

    By designing a 70-foot deep barrier wall, Black & Veatch was able to cut off contaminant source areas from a creek near New Castle, Delaware. The groundwater treatment system that Black & Veatch designed prevents site contamination from reaching the underlying drinking water aquifer. The Standard Chlorine of Delaware Site is a 65 acre area including an abandoned chlorobenzene ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • Multilevel Systems

    Untitled Document Introduction A multilevel system is a groundwater monitoring device which allows ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Landfill Liners Vary by Application

    It was in 1991 that the Environmental Protection Agency promulgated its Criteria for Municipal Waste Landfills that set location restrictions, design and operating standards, groundwater monitoring requirements, corrective actions, closure requirements, and more for landfills. It was these rules that mandated that landfills be lined on the sides and bottom before waste is deposited and capped on ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Designing With Geosynthetic Clay Liners

    In construction, preventing the penetration of liquids and gases is essential to maintaining the integrity of a structure. Often, containment is just as important, especially when dealing with chemical contaminants or other waste. When looking to stop the spread of contaminated liquids and gases, there are few tools as effective as geosynthetic clay liners (GCL). Read on to learn how to design ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Multilevel Groundwater Assessment of Confining Unit in a Bedrock Sequence near Sarnia, Ontario

    Untitled Document INTRODUCTION Two sites in southern Ontario were studied through instrumentation ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Storing Heat Underground

    Underground thermal energy storage (UTES) is a system that uses inter-seasonal heat storage, storing excess heat from the summer for use in winter heating, and the cooling potential from winter for cooling in summer. A cost-effective, low-energy and low-risk proven renewable technology, UTES reduces carbon emissions by up to 60% and is becoming an increasingly popular choice for residential, ...


    By Boode Waterwell Systems

  • Assessing the transport and fate of MTBE

    Untitled Document ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Watch your Language! Geosynthetics vs Traditional Materials

    During GeoAmericas 2016, Dr. Neil Dixon’s sustainability keynote touched upon many topics for the future of geosynthetics. While sustainability drove most of the lecture, a few of his ideas simply approached how the field positioned itself in the marketplace. He suggested, for example, moving the field away from isolating language like “versus traditional materials.” ...


    By Nilex

  • Predictions for EPA`s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention

    Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.'s (B&C) thoughts are below on what may be headed our way in 2013 from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP). Although the 2012 Presidential Election is over, environmental issues will continue to be used to make distinctions between the two parties (or between the House and Senate). Speculation ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • 2013 Predictions for EPA`s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention

    Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.'s (B&C) thoughts are below on what may be headed our way in 2013 from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP). Although the 2012 Presidential Election is over, environmental issues will continue to be used to make distinctions between the two parties (or between the House and Senate). Speculation ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

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