bentonite polymer Articles

  • Economics of super absorbent polymers and waste stabilization

    Economics of Super Absorbent Polymers & Waste Stabilization The use of super absorbent polymer (superabsorbent polymer or SAP) in waste stabilization offers many advantages over more conventional absorbents. These advantages include: • Minimal increase in waste volume or weight • Lower transport fees due to less loads • Lower total landfill disposal fees due since waste volume has not ...

  • Preparation of xanthated bentonite and its removal behavior for Pb(II) ions

    Xanthate was successfully grafted onto bentonite by a relatively simple solution reaction. The obtained xanthated bentonite (XBent) was characterized by FT-IR spectrophotometer, thermogravimetric analysis (TG), particle size analysis, x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). XBent acting as a type of environmentally friendly adsorbent was applied to remove lead ions from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of the flocculation and de-flocculation performance and mechanism of polymer flocculants

    Understanding the interaction mechanism between polymeric flocculants and solid particles in two oppositely charged solutions: bentonite and calcium fluoride, is of great practical and fundamental importance. In this work, inorganic flocculants based on aluminum(III) or iron(III); cationic, anionic and non-ionic organic flocculants were used. The solution pH, which highly influenced the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Installation of a deep drainage trench by the bio-polymer slurry drain technique

    Introduction An underground diesel fuel spill at a county bus maintenance facility in San Jose, California was successfully remediated by constructing a pair of 50 feet deep, gravel-filled extraction trenches. Well casings with ejector pumps were set into the trenches for withdrawing the diesel fuel contaminated groundwater to a small, onsite treatment plant. Severe access restraints, the ...


    By Geo-Con, Inc.

  • The “Straight Skinny” on bentonite-based drilling muds & their standard practice use in the horizontal remediation well industry

    Let’s make our point up front: 1) bentonite-based drilling fluid is NOT bad for horizontal remediation well (HRW) projects; 2) it does not damage the formation; 3) it is a naturally occurring clay material that is mined; and 4) it does flush easily/adequately during well development. Most remediation professionals have designed and/or installed vertical wells at one time or another ...

  • Destabilization dynamics of clay and acid-free polymers of ferric and magnesium salts in AMD without pH adjustment

    The physicochemical treatment was employed to treat acid mine drainage (AMD) in the removal of turbid materials using clay only (exp A) and a combination of clay, FeCl3 and Mg(OH)2 (exp B) to form a polymer. A 5 g sample of clay (bentonite) was added to 1.2 L of AMD and treated in a jar test at 250 rpm for 2 min and reduced to 100 rpm for 10 min. A 200 mL sub-sample from the 1.2 L mother ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preparation of solid composite polyferric sulfate and its flocculation behavior for wastewater containing high concentration organic compounds

    A new kind of inorganic polymer flocculant, the solid composite polyferric sulfate (SPFS) was prepared using ferrous sulfate and Na-Bentonite. The obtained SPFS was characterized by FT-IR spectra, thermogravimetric analysis (TG), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD). It showed that SPFS was a kind of composite inorganic polymer, which was the complex of PFS and Na-Bent, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • CETCO scores a perfect 10 with RM-10 - eliminating hazardous waste disposal

    CETCO Oilfield Services’ Industrial Wastewater Treatment Division has over 30 years experience in treating industrial wastewater, helping clients meet compliance requirements and reduce costs. Additionally, CETCO Oilfield Services’ RM-10® flocculant has been successfully applied in the aerospace sector, turning a previously hazardous waste product into a delisted sludge. The aerospace facility ...


    By CETCO Energy Services

  • Comparing nonreinforced and internally reinforced GCL

    Water is one of the most destructive forces on the planet, eroding everything from continents to human-made wonders. Water is also a vector by which contaminants spread from landfills and other waste reservoirs. Therefore, creating effective water seals has been a top concern in construction. For many years, factory-fabricated clay products have been the barrier of choice against water and other ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Oil and Gas Development - Onshore Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Landfill Liners Vary by Application

    It was in 1991 that the Environmental Protection Agency promulgated its Criteria for Municipal Waste Landfills that set location restrictions, design and operating standards, groundwater monitoring requirements, corrective actions, closure requirements, and more for landfills. It was these rules that mandated that landfills be lined on the sides and bottom before waste is deposited and capped on ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • Storing Heat Underground

    Underground thermal energy storage (UTES) is a system that uses inter-seasonal heat storage, storing excess heat from the summer for use in winter heating, and the cooling potential from winter for cooling in summer. A cost-effective, low-energy and low-risk proven renewable technology, UTES reduces carbon emissions by up to 60% and is becoming an increasingly popular choice for residential, ...


    By Boode Waterwell Systems

  • Predictions for EPA`s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention

    Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.'s (B&C) thoughts are below on what may be headed our way in 2013 from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP). Although the 2012 Presidential Election is over, environmental issues will continue to be used to make distinctions between the two parties (or between the House and Senate). Speculation ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • 2013 Predictions for EPA`s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention

    The Acta Group's (Acta) thoughts are below on what may be headed our way in 2013 from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP). Although the 2012 Presidential Election is over, environmental issues will continue to be used to make distinctions between the two parties (or between the House and Senate). Speculation is currently rife ...


    By Acta Group

  • Predictions for EPA`s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention

    The Acta Group's (Acta) thoughts are below on what may be headed our way in 2013 from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP). Although the 2012 Presidential Election is over, environmental issues will continue to be used to make distinctions between the two parties (or between the House and Senate). Speculation is currently rife ...


    By Acta Group

  • 2013 Predictions for EPA`s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention

    Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.'s (B&C) thoughts are below on what may be headed our way in 2013 from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP). Although the 2012 Presidential Election is over, environmental issues will continue to be used to make distinctions between the two parties (or between the House and Senate). Speculation ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

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