biochemical oxygen demand analysis Articles

  • Material flow analysis of pollutants in Taiwan

    We present a material flow analysis (MFA) of biological oxygen demand (BOD5) and suspended solids (SS) in estuaries located on the northern and southern coasts of Taiwan. Using data from 1992–2000, we examine human economic activities in each watershed to predict associated pollutant flows. This estimate is compared to data collected at monitoring stations. The ratio allows us to calculate each ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Lognormal behaviour of untreated and treated wastewater constituents

    This article presents an extensive study to select the theoretical probability distribution that represents the concentrations of major constituents from 35 wastewater treatment plants located in Brazil, as well as to verify the influence of the adopted treatment technology on the data distributions. Due to the lack of a solid basis for selecting the distributions that best fit the data, various ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pollution, natural resource and economic growth: an econometric analysis

    Theoretical arguments imply that an inverted U-shaped relationship may be quite plausible. It is still not clear from the empirical literature whether the relationship of income and environmental degradation is linear or inverted U-shaped. This paper utilises a more global representative sample, than previous EKC studies, and re-evaluates the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) of sulphur dioxide, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analysis of trends in water quality: constructed wetlands in metropolitan Taipei

    Meandering through the most densely populated metropolitan areas of Taipei, Taiwan, the Danshui River and its tributaries have undergone the construction of 14 wetlands since 2004, as a means to improve water quality. This study was conducted to examine the functional capabilities associated with treating non-point source pollution through these riparian wetlands. Trend analysis was used to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Level and transport pattern of faecal coliform bacteria from tropical urban catchments

    Urbanization and frequent storms play important roles in increasing faecal bacteria pollution, especially for tropical urban catchments. However, only little information on the faecal bacteria levels from different land use types and the factors that influence bacteria concentrations is available. Thus, the objectives of this study were to quantify the levels and transport mechanism of faecal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Error analysis for river water quality prediction using back propagation modelling

    The purpose of this research is to describe the errors of Back Propagation (BP) technique that could be applied in river water quality prediction. ANN was trained by using the upriver data to forecast the downriver quality in two approaches of long-distance forecasting and short-distance forecasting respectively. It showed that the predicted results from short-distance approach were more accurate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of the impact of industrial effluents on water quality of receiving rivers in urban areas of Malawi

    A study was carried out in Malawi to assess the extent of chemical pollution in a receiving river as affected by industrial effluents. Both the effluents and the water at selected points in the river were analysed for pH, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, electrical conductivity, suspended solids, nitrate, alkalinity, hardness, chloride and phosphate in the dry and rainy seasons. The ...

  • Purification of domestic sewage by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)

    Sewage management is posing serious techno-economic problems in cities, particularly in developing countries. A new technology, sewage purification by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), is a possible solution. This paper studied the suitability and effectiveness of water-hyacinth in treating domestic sewage. A 28-day experiment was performed under a controlled environment of a screen-house ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biochemical oxygen demand pre-screening - Case Study

    Wastewater treatment plants are designed to process an expected average organic loading in the raw influent. This is determined by the population size and industrial activity within the plant’s service area. Growth of these factors result in a higher cost of treatment. Eventually the treatment plant is forced to build upgrades to handle the increased load and plan for future population ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

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