biochemical oxygen demand analyzer Articles

  • Chemical Oxygen Demand and Biochemical Oxygen Demand results in 15 minutes - Case Study

    Arauco, a Chilean pulp and paper company, has been using a PeCOD® Analyzer in full-scale operations since 2013. As a result, the company has reduced the use of hypochlorite in its bleaching processes with no loss of product quality, and decreased the amount of organics in its wastewater stream. The net result was a further reduction in chemicals and energy used in water treatment that saved ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • PeCOD® Analyzer oxygen demand analysis for source & treated drinking waters

    MANTECH’s chemical oxygen demand (COD) analyzer is breaking new ground in the science of monitoring source and treated drinking water. In addition to providing 15-minute COD results and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) estimates, MANTECH’s PeCOD® Analyzer measures natural organic matter (NOM) in raw and treated drinking water. The NOM Analyzer™  — which is the ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • What is Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)?

    Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) analysis is a measurement of the oxygen-depletion capacity of a water sample contaminated with organic waste matter. Specifically, it measures the equivalent amount of oxygen required to chemically oxidize organic compounds in water. Why Measure COD? COD is used as a general indicator of water quality and is an integral part of all water quality ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Analysis of nitrogenous and algal oxygen demand in effluent from a system of aerated lagoons followed by polishing pond

    In this descriptive-analytical study, nitrogenous and algal oxygen demand were assessed for effluent from a system of facultative partially mixed lagoons followed by the polishing pond using 120 grab samples over 1 year. Filtered and non-filtered samples of polishing pond effluent were tested in the presence and absence of a nitrification inhibitor. Effective factors, including 5-day biochemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Factors affecting the performance of a single-chamber microbial fuel cell-type biological oxygen demand sensor

    Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are devices that exploit microorganisms as biocatalysts to degrade organic matter or sludge present in wastewater (WW), and thereby generate electricity. We developed a simple, low-cost single-chamber microbial fuel cell (SCMFC)-type biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) sensor using carbon felt (anode) and activated sludge, and demonstrated its feasibility in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Cost-saving solutions using Sievers InnovOx TOC analyzers - optimizing organic loading

    Cost Concern  A company’s inability to recognize real-time organic loading changes in their wastewater treatment plant could result in excessive charges from the local water utility. Company Challenge A production facility located in the U.S. Midwest currently controls the organic loading in their wastewater’s chemical treatment ...


    By GE Analytical Instruments

  • Research on a soft measurement model of sewage treatment based on a case-based reasoning approach

    In this paper, the measurement of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) in a wastewater treatment process is analyzed and an intelligent integrated prediction method based on case-based reasoning (CBR) is proposed in order to overcome difficulties. Due to the fact that there are many factors that influence the accuracy of the prediction model, the radial basis function, which is a neural network ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • PeCOD vs Other Organic Pollution Testing Methods

    Find out How MANTECH’s PeCOD measures up with other systems in organic pollution testing methods! In James Pickup, Rijkswaterstaat Internship Thesis, read how our PeCOD analyzer performs beside the Total Organic Carbon (TOC) method. Also learn how the PeCOD exhibits a strong correlation to the traditional chemical oxygen demand (CODCr) method, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5) method and ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Nutrient removal in reverse osmosis concentrates using a biological aerated filter

    The aim of this study is to employ a biological aerated filter (BAF) in the treatment of reverse osmosis (RO) concentrate received from reuse of treatment plant wastewater. Furthermore, the influence of chemical oxygen demand (COD)/N ratio on the nutrient removal was analyzed to find the detailed removal pathways of nutrients. The result was found to be high efficiency for biochemical oxygen ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • PeCOD® Pulp and Paper Applications - Case Study

    The pulp and paper industry utilizes wood as raw material to produce pulp, paper, card board, and other cellulose based products. Pulp and paper mills produce large volumes of wastewater and residual sludge which presents a number of challenges with regards to treatment and discharge. Contaminants in pulp and paper waste streams often include effluent solids, sediments, absorbable organic halides ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Qualitative analysis and classification of surface water in Bukit Merah Reservoir in Malaysia

    An attempt was made to analyze and classify water quality at the Bukit Merah Reservoir (BMR) in Malaysia to determine the degree of pollution and ascertain the required treatment level before usage. Parameters determined included; pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammoniacal nitrogen (NH3-N), suspended solids (SS), total nitrogen (TN) and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quality and first flush analysis of stormwater runoff from a tropical commercial catchment

    This paper examines the storm runoff quality from a commercial area in south Johor, Malaysia. Six storm events with a total of 68 storm runoff samples were analyzed. Event Mean Concentration (EMC) for all constituents analysed showed large inter-event variation. Site mean concentrations (SMC) for total suspended solids (TSS), oil and grease (O&G), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pretreatment of concentrated leachate by the combination of coagulation and catalytic ozonation with Ce/AC catalyst

    A raw concentrated leachate produced from membrane bioreactor-nanofiltration (MBR-NF) was taken from Chengdu Chang'an Waste Landfill Site, China. The major fraction of this concentrated leachate was large refractory humic substances. A coagulation–ozonation process was applied to treat this leachate, aiming at enhancing chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency and increasing its ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • French vertical-flow constructed wetlands in mountain areas: how do cold temperatures impact performances?

    The French version of vertical-flow constructed wetlands (VFCWs) is characterized by treating directly raw wastewater on a first-stage filter. VFCW is a well developed technology with more than 3,500 plants in operation in France. However, VFCW performance may be affected under the low temperatures reached in mountain areas during winter. The effect of cold conditions over 12 plants, ranging ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recirculating Vertical Flow Constructed Wetland: Green Alternative to Treating Both

    Subsurface constructed wetlands using a recirculating vertical flow are a viable alternative technology to pretreating conventional residential septic systems effluents before underground discharge. The authors examined performance of a recirculating vertical flow constructed wetland (RVFCW) to treat both human and domestic animal sewage from the LaGrange County (Indiana) Animal Shelter. Effluent ...

  • Reclaimed municipal wastewater for forage production

    This study aims to evaluate the possibility of using reclaimed municipal wastewater for agricultural purpose. We assessed the validity of municipal wastewater treatment, analyzing its chemical characteristics before and after the biological stabilization by pond treatment (WSP). The reclaimed municipal treated wastewater (TWW) was used to irrigate Cenchrus ciliaris. Experiments were carried ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterization and source identification of stormwater runoff in tropical urban catchments

    The characteristics of urban stormwater pollution in the tropics are still poorly understood. This issue is crucial to the tropical environment because its rainfall and runoff generation processes are so different from temperate regions. In this regard, a stormwater monitoring program was carried out at three urban catchments (e.g. residential, commercial and industrial) in the southern part of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Potential health implications of water resources depletion and sewage discharges in the Republic of Macedonia

    Potential health implications of deficient sanitation infrastructure and reduced surface water flows due to climate change are examined in the case study of the Republic of Macedonia. Changes in surface water flows and wastewater discharges over the period 1955–2013 were analyzed to assess potential future surface water contamination trends. Simple model predictions indicated a decline in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of a dual-power, multicellular, aerated lagoon system in Corcoran, California

    A dual-power, multicellular, aerated (DPMC) lagoon system was designed and constructed for the city of Corcoran, California. The new process brought the plant into a full compliance with California Regional Water Quality Control Board (CRWQCB) effluent limits while saving approximately $110,000 per year in energy costs. The project was a modification of an existing aerated/ facultative (A/F) ...


    By Environetics, Inc.

  • The Dangers of Uncalibrated Activated Sludge Simulation Packages

    ABSTRACTActivated sludge simulation packages are useful tools, but it can be dangerous to rely on them ifthey are used incorrectly. How dangerous? To determine potential pitfalls, we compared theactivated sludge tank volumes predicted by three simulation packages used directly out-of-theboxwithout calibration. We sought to identify the underlying reason for differences in predictedrequired ...

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