biodegradable waste processing Articles

  • Influence of the comminution of organic waste on their biodegradability

    Organic solids are present in very large quantities as products or waste from agriculture, food industry, household and many other fields. The disposal of organic waste can be realised using biological processes like anaerobic digestion or aerobic composting. The anaerobic digestion has advantages in comparison to composting such as a better handling of wet waste, the production of useful ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Cyanide removal by combined adsorption and biodegradation process

    Cyanide is present in environmental matrices and waste streams as simple and complex cyanides, cyanates and nitriles (Ebbs, 2004). Cyanide compounds are extensively used in industry and their effluents are the major source of these toxic pollutants in our environment (Desai and Ramakrishna, 1998). The release of cyanide from industries worldwide has been estimated to be more than 14 million kg/yr ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Biodegradation of Cypermethrin by pseudomonas in a batch activated sludge process

    The biodegradation of Cypermethrin (20 to 125 mg/L) in an effluent using batch activated sludge was studied. Degradation was found to occur to a great extent only in the presence of Pseudomonas (IES-Ps-1) culture. Under aerobic conditions using mechanical aerators, Cypermethrin (20 mg/L) was almost completely degraded in just over 48 h at ambient temperature. Further loading of organic compound ...

  • Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples

    Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples Biodegradation tests usually involve comparison of the oxygen uptake of a test sample – or gas production for anoxic or anaerobic tests – to that for a readily biodegradable control substrate (usually acetic acid, ethanol, or aniline). While biodegradation characteristics can vary among chemical types and wastewater sources, typical patterns are shown ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Municipal solid waste - waste to energy conversion in India: an overview

    Municipal solid waste (MSW) is generated in enormous quantities, in India, causing environmental problems. It is collected primarily by sweeping in India and dumped on the outskirts of urban areas, which pollute the environment. Such MSWs also release methane and carbon dioxide, which are important greenhouse gases. MSW comprises biodegradable material. The MSW disposal methods in India mainly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Degradation of biodegradable plastics under controlled composting conditions

    The management of solid waste is a growing concern in many countries. Municipal solid waste is a major component of the total solid waste generated by society, and the fraction of municipal solid waste made up of plastic materials continues to increase. The composting of plastic materials along with organic wastes will help society to usefully recycle more of its solid waste and divert it from ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Green labels: The walk behind the talk - `Biodegradable`

    The word “biodegradable” is probably one of the easiest green labels to understand, so one may assume it is also the least likely to be subject to false claims. However, the term is still interpreted very loosely and frequently used on products that are toxic, that break down into harmful environmental contaminants, or that can take many decades, even centuries, to decompose. On top ...


    By green24

  • Oxygen and temperature kinetics of aerobic solid-state Biodegradation

    Rates of decomposition are of critical interest to operators of most biodegradation processes, since they determine the length of time the process must continue to achieve a particular extent of decomposition. While the goals of the decomposition process vary widely, ranging from reduction of odors or contaminants to production of high valueadded products, most of these goals are impacted by the ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Treating organic waste with Cambi THP

    ABSTRACT This paper describes how the Cambi Thermal Hydrolysis Process (THP) treats biodegradable organic waste and converts it to renewable energy and pathogen-free and bio-fertilizer. The interest for the process is expected to increase due to new environmental legislation as well as increasing demand for renewable energy. The implementation of the European Landfill Directive 1999/31EC and the ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • The use of methanotrophic applications to control of fugitive methane emissions from the biodegradation of organic waste

    Large amounts of methane (CH4) escapes to the atmosphere through fugitive emissions arising from anthropogenic sources. This is detrimental because the Global Warming Potential (GWP) of CH4 is 25 times that of carbon dioxide (CO2) on a 100 year time horizon. As a result, there has been increasing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anaerobic biodegradability of fish remains: experimental investigation and parameter estimation

    The generation of organic waste associated with aquaculture fish processing has increased significantly in recent decades. The objective of this study is to evaluate the anaerobic biodegradability of several fish processing fractions, as well as water treatment sludge, for tilapia and sturgeon species cultured in recirculated aquaculture systems. After substrate characterization, the ultimate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treating organic waste with Cambi® THP

    This paper describes how the Cambi Thermal Hydrolysis Process (THP) treats biodegradable organic waste and converts it to renewable energy and pathogen-free and bio-fertilizer. The interest for the process is expected to increase due to new environmental legislation as well as increasing demand for renewable energy. The implementation of the European Landfill Directive 1999/31EC and the Animal-by ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Characterization of solid waste and determination of the emission potential

    Waste samples were taken in order to investigate the material behaviour regarding different treatment/recycling options. In waste incineration, the combustible and inert parts have to be determined. The content of biodegradable organic substances is important in biological treatment. The portion of biodegradable organic substance has also to be considered if wastes are to be landfilled. This ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Biodegradation of PPCPs in wastewater treatment plants - a Danish case study

    The non-restricted production and use of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) has led to their presence in effluents from treatment plants, which can pose a threat to aquatic organisms downstream. This study analysed the breakdown of six common chemicals in four Danish treatment plants. The findings shed new light on the factors affecting removal of PPCPs from waste, showing that ...

  • Carbon credit from composting of municipal solid waste

    The estimation of carbon credit from composting of MSW has been presented in this paper. The Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) used in formation of windrow was collected from the NERIST campus. Loss on Ignition (LOI) was measured which represents the amount of carbon and remaining ash in solid waste samples after ignition. As an absolute measure of biodegradable carbon, LOI provides an excellent ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Stabilisation and Acceptance Criteria of Residual Wastes - Technologies and their Achievements in Europe

    ABSTRACT The focus of the EU landfill directive is the reduction of biodegradable waste destined for landfill on a solely quantitative basis. Trials on the bio-mechanical treatment and its effect on the landfill behaviour show that the quality of the remaining organic fraction for landfilling should be considered because it is is more relevant than the quantity of biodegradable waste, in terms of ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Aerators Enhance Aerobic Digestion Process

    The city of Eden,N.C.,operates an extended aeration process designed for an average flow rate of 13.5 mgd with a mixed liquor suspended solids concentration that typically checks in about 6,000 mg/l. This high biomass concentration is necessary to provide a well-settling sludge and good effluent quality. Further, the plant influent is approximately 40% domestic wastewater and 60% industrial ...


    By S&N Airoflo Inc.

  • Confirming decentralised composting as a definite option in urban waste management

    As unrestricted landfilling of Municipal Solid Waste is being progressively abandoned, separation and processing of biodegradable material is becoming a basic component of urban waste management. The principal processing technology available is composting in its two basic forms and applications, namely centralised and decentralised composting. The centralised scheme targets biological ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Municipal solid waste: zero tolerance management strategy

    Currently, Indian cities generate waste which is being disposed in its outskirt as open dumping. This approach affects health and life of people living at city outskirts. A paradigm shift is required in the approach to waste management. Waste management policy should aim at scientific processing of waste within the city itself. This paper highlights policy framework towards management of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New research may solve the problem of plastic wastes

    GLOBE-Net, May 8, 2013* - Plastic - it is an indispensable part of our everyday lives and an almost indestructible part of the garbage that daily ends up in our landfills, incinerators, junk yards, in our rivers or oceans, or in the bellies of fish or animals that form part of our food chain.  Every year, over 260 million tonnes of plastic are produced globally. That is ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

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