biodegradable waste processing Articles

  • Influence of the comminution of organic waste on their biodegradability

    Organic solids are present in very large quantities as products or waste from agriculture, food industry, household and many other fields. The disposal of organic waste can be realised using biological processes like anaerobic digestion or aerobic composting. The anaerobic digestion has advantages in comparison to composting such as a better handling of wet waste, the production of useful ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Biodegradation of Cypermethrin by pseudomonas in a batch activated sludge process

    The biodegradation of Cypermethrin (20 to 125 mg/L) in an effluent using batch activated sludge was studied. Degradation was found to occur to a great extent only in the presence of Pseudomonas (IES-Ps-1) culture. Under aerobic conditions using mechanical aerators, Cypermethrin (20 mg/L) was almost completely degraded in just over 48 h at ambient temperature. Further loading of organic compound ...

  • Cyanide removal by combined adsorption and biodegradation process

    Cyanide is present in environmental matrices and waste streams as simple and complex cyanides, cyanates and nitriles (Ebbs, 2004). Cyanide compounds are extensively used in industry and their effluents are the major source of these toxic pollutants in our environment (Desai and Ramakrishna, 1998). The release of cyanide from industries worldwide has been estimated to be more than 14 million kg/yr ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples

    Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples Biodegradation tests usually involve comparison of the oxygen uptake of a test sample – or gas production for anoxic or anaerobic tests – to that for a readily biodegradable control substrate (usually acetic acid, ethanol, or aniline). While biodegradation characteristics can vary among chemical types and wastewater sources, typical patterns are shown ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Oxygen and temperature kinetics of aerobic solid-state Biodegradation

    Rates of decomposition are of critical interest to operators of most biodegradation processes, since they determine the length of time the process must continue to achieve a particular extent of decomposition. While the goals of the decomposition process vary widely, ranging from reduction of odors or contaminants to production of high valueadded products, most of these goals are impacted by the ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Green labels: The walk behind the talk - `Biodegradable`

    The word “biodegradable” is probably one of the easiest green labels to understand, so one may assume it is also the least likely to be subject to false claims. However, the term is still interpreted very loosely and frequently used on products that are toxic, that break down into harmful environmental contaminants, or that can take many decades, even centuries, to decompose. On top ...


    By green24

  • Degradation of biodegradable plastics under controlled composting conditions

    The management of solid waste is a growing concern in many countries. Municipal solid waste is a major component of the total solid waste generated by society, and the fraction of municipal solid waste made up of plastic materials continues to increase. The composting of plastic materials along with organic wastes will help society to usefully recycle more of its solid waste and divert it from ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • The use of methanotrophic applications to control of fugitive methane emissions from the biodegradation of organic waste

    Large amounts of methane (CH4) escapes to the atmosphere through fugitive emissions arising from anthropogenic sources. This is detrimental because the Global Warming Potential (GWP) of CH4 is 25 times that of carbon dioxide (CO2) on a 100 year time horizon. As a result, there has been increasing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anaerobic biodegradability of fish remains: experimental investigation and parameter estimation

    The generation of organic waste associated with aquaculture fish processing has increased significantly in recent decades. The objective of this study is to evaluate the anaerobic biodegradability of several fish processing fractions, as well as water treatment sludge, for tilapia and sturgeon species cultured in recirculated aquaculture systems. After substrate characterization, the ultimate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biodegradation of PPCPs in wastewater treatment plants - a Danish case study

    The non-restricted production and use of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) has led to their presence in effluents from treatment plants, which can pose a threat to aquatic organisms downstream. This study analysed the breakdown of six common chemicals in four Danish treatment plants. The findings shed new light on the factors affecting removal of PPCPs from waste, showing that ...

  • Biodegradation of phenol in refinery wastewater by pure cultures of Pseudomonas aeruginosa NCIB 950 and Pseudomonas fluorescence NCIB 3756

    The potential of microorganisms to catabolise and metabolise xenobiotic compounds has been recognised as a potentially effective means of toxic and hazardous wastes disposal. Phenol and its derivatives have long been recognised as some of the most persistent chemicals in petroleum refinery wastewaters, with high toxicity even at low concentrations. Biodegradation of these compounds has been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study – dairy processing

    Introduction Clean Water Technology, Inc., the creator of the Gas Energy Mixing (GEM) System, offers the most advanced primary treatment system on the market. The GEM System provides superior reduction of total suspended solids (TSS), biological and chemical oxygen demand (BOD/COD), fats, oils and grease (FOG) and turbidity. Challenge A premier processor of ...


    By Clean Water Technology, Inc.

  • Composting Process and Organic Fertilizers Production

    Illustrated explanation of two broad stages that are usually applied in most composting facility. First, composting process that convert raw compost into mature compost. Second, organic fertilizers production that convert mature compost into granulated fertilizers. Feedstock for composting stage can be farm and animal husbandry wastes, biomass from plants, and biodegradables that have been sorted ...


    By CV Wirajasa Teknik Industri

  • Producing green energy from post-consumer solid food wastes at a wastewater treatment plant using an innovative new process

    ABSTRACT More than 246 million tons of municipal solid waste (MSW) was generated in the United States in 2005, and this tonnage is expected to increase every year. The third highest component of MSW is food waste, but less than 3% of food waste is recycled. In an effort to meet the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s national 35% MSW recycling goal, and many states’ and local governments’ ...

  • Aerators Enhance Aerobic Digestion Process

    The city of Eden,N.C.,operates an extended aeration process designed for an average flow rate of 13.5 mgd with a mixed liquor suspended solids concentration that typically checks in about 6,000 mg/l. This high biomass concentration is necessary to provide a well-settling sludge and good effluent quality. Further, the plant influent is approximately 40% domestic wastewater and 60% industrial ...


    By S & N Airoflo, Inc.

  • Waste composting as a component of ecological waste management in the Philippines

    Ecological waste management (EWM) is a system of analyzing solid waste concerns and coming up with solutions that would not pose any harm to the environment. This would imply the use of technologies that are environmentally sound such as waste segregation, waste reduction at source, composting and recycling. Furthermore, this system ought to comply with the vision of sustainable ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • The In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater Remediation Process

    In-situ groundwater bioremediation is a technology that encourages growth and reproduction of indigenous microorganisms to enhance biodegradation of organic constituents in the saturated zone. In-situ groundwater bioremediation can effectively degrade organic constituents which are dissolved in groundwater and adsorbed onto the aquifer matrix. The Adventus In Situ Bioremediation/Groundwater ...


  • Waste management creates profit

    Large US furniture chain turns over USD 3 million through recycling of packaging. In 2007, the US furniture chain Rooms To Go turned over USD 1.75 billion worth of furniture – products packaged using vast amounts of cardboard, wood, plastic and EPS. But already in 1991 the chain introduced a recycling programme that has transformed waste into a profitable business which in 2007 ...


    By RUNI A/S

  • How to Deal with Drilling Waste

    At present, environmental protection is a basic state policy in China, and it has been a strategic mission and goal for our country to maintain a sustainable development of society, economy and environment. Along with the continuous improvement of environmental laws and the increasing environmental awareness among people, the departments concerned have successively enacted various environmental ...


  • Mixed waste composting trends

    It's been about 25 years since vendors started marketing systems to process mixed municipal solid waste via composting in the U.S. Today, there are 13 plants, most fulfilling their niche in the communities they serve - whether managing MSW in high tourism areas, or processing residual organics from materials recovery facilities. Table 1 provides summary data on the 13 facilities. While we did not ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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