biodegradation process Articles

  • Fungal Biodegradation

    Introduction The utilization of fungal biodegradation involves the controlled usage of these specially cultivated fungi to treat contaminants. White Rot Fungus White rot fungus has been reported to degrade a wide variety of organopollutants because of its lignin-degrading or wood-rotting enzymes. Two different treatment configurations have been tested for white rot fungus, in situ and ...

  • Biodegradation of Cypermethrin by pseudomonas in a batch activated sludge process

    The biodegradation of Cypermethrin (20 to 125 mg/L) in an effluent using batch activated sludge was studied. Degradation was found to occur to a great extent only in the presence of Pseudomonas (IES-Ps-1) culture. Under aerobic conditions using mechanical aerators, Cypermethrin (20 mg/L) was almost completely degraded in just over 48 h at ambient temperature. Further loading of organic compound ...

  • Cyanide removal by combined adsorption and biodegradation process

    Cyanide is present in environmental matrices and waste streams as simple and complex cyanides, cyanates and nitriles (Ebbs, 2004). Cyanide compounds are extensively used in industry and their effluents are the major source of these toxic pollutants in our environment (Desai and Ramakrishna, 1998). The release of cyanide from industries worldwide has been estimated to be more than 14 million kg/yr ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Impact of heavy metals on the oil products biodegradation process

    Oil products continue to be used as a principal source of energy. Wide-scale production, transport, global use and disposal of petroleum have made them major contaminants in prevalence and quantity in the environment. In accidental spills, actions are taken to remove or remediate or recover the contaminants immediately, especially if they occur in environmentally sensitive areas, for example, in ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Intrinsic Biodegradation Kinetics Of Chemicals

    Intrinsic Biodegradation Kinetics Of Chemicals An understanding of the rate of biodegradation kinetics for specific industrial chemicals is useful when evaluating their treatability or their impact on treatment processes. The objective of kinetic assessments usually is to model the biodegradation reactions for specific chemicals using either pure cultures or defined ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples

    Biodegradation Tests for Wastewater Samples Biodegradation tests usually involve comparison of the oxygen uptake of a test sample – or gas production for anoxic or anaerobic tests – to that for a readily biodegradable control substrate (usually acetic acid, ethanol, or aniline). While biodegradation characteristics can vary among chemical types and wastewater sources, typical patterns are shown ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Biodegradable flocculants: Power of `natto`

    Just by adding and stirring (1 agent, 1 process) 'PG alpha 21Ca' to polluted water, it separates supernatant water with better turbidity, BOD, and COD, and sediments in a short time. This high-molecular flocculent adsorbs strongly the exogenous incretion disturbance substance (Environmental hormone ), like dioxin. By using this high-molecular flocculent, it is possible to draw and collect ...


    By Poly Glu USA

  • Study on biodegradability of terephthalic acid in polyester fabric alkali-peeling process wastewater

    Terephthalic acid (TA) and ethylene glycol (EG) are the main pollutants in polyester fabric alkali-peeling process wastewater (PAP-wastewater). The biodegradability of TA is crucial to the deep treatment of PAP-wastewater. Batch and continuous experiments were adopted to study the biodegradation of TA in synthetic wastewater. In anoxic batch experiments TA began to degrade gradually after EG was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Toxicity reduction and biodegradability enhancement of cork processing wastewaters by ozonation

    Biodegradability enhancement and detoxification of cork boiling wastewater (CBW) are required for the successful implementation of biological treatment options. We studied the possibility of achieving these goals through ozonation pre-treatment by experimenting on the effect of ozone dose and pH. The CBW used had a pH of 5.81, a chemical oxygen demand (COD) of 1,865 mg L−1, a biochemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influence of the comminution of organic waste on their biodegradability

    Organic solids are present in very large quantities as products or waste from agriculture, food industry, household and many other fields. The disposal of organic waste can be realised using biological processes like anaerobic digestion or aerobic composting. The anaerobic digestion has advantages in comparison to composting such as a better handling of wet waste, the production of useful ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Oxygen and temperature kinetics of aerobic solid-state Biodegradation

    Rates of decomposition are of critical interest to operators of most biodegradation processes, since they determine the length of time the process must continue to achieve a particular extent of decomposition. While the goals of the decomposition process vary widely, ranging from reduction of odors or contaminants to production of high valueadded products, most of these goals are impacted by the ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Biodegradation of Bisphenol-A in aerobic membrane bioreactor sludge

    Bisphenol-A (BPA) biodegradation was studied in a membrane bioreactor under aerobic conditions. The effects of the initial BPA concentration and initial chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentration on BPA biodegradation were investigated. The degradation process followed a first-order kinetic (more than 98% of BPA was removed) with a kinetic rate constant of 1.134 h−1 using an ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biodegradation of palmarosa oil (green oil) by Serratia marcescens

    Biodegradation of oil depends on the nature of the oil, the type of microbial community and a variety of environmental factors. Green oils are being used as consumer goods and as raw materials in industries such as food processing, pharmaceutical and cosmetic. Microbial contaminations of green oils have been the cause of degradation problems. Serratia Marcessens produced cytochrome oxidase, ...

  • Reactor modeling in heterogeneous photocatalysis: toxicity and biodegradability assessment

    Photocatalysis employing titanium dioxide is a useful method to degrade a wide variety of organic and inorganic pollutants from water and air. However, the application of this advanced oxidation process at industrial scale requires the development of mathematical models to design and scale-up photocatalytic reactors. In the present work, intrinsic kinetic expressions previously obtained in a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Passively Enhanced in Situ Biodegradation of Chlorinated Solvents.

    INTRODUCTION Harding Lawson Associates (HLA) conducted a field demonstration to evaluate in situ enhanced anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated solvents using Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC). The technology is designed to enhance the natural biodegradation process for a more rapid and complete degradation of the organic contaminants to non-toxic compounds (e.g., ethylene). This paper presents ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Passively Enhanced In-Situ Biodegradation of Chlorinated Solvents

    Harding Lawson Associates (HLA) conducted a field demonstration to evaluate in situ enhanced anaerobic biodegradation of chlorinated solvents using Hydrogen Release Compound (HRC). The technology is designed to enhance the natural biodegradation process for a more rapid and complete degradation of the organic contaminants to non-toxic compounds (e.g., ethylene). This paper presents the results ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Evaluation of the aerobic and anaerobic biodegradability of the antibiotic norfloxacin

    The purpose of studying the biodegradability of pharmaceutical compounds is to evaluate their behaviors in relation to the treatment processes generally used in domestic and industrial wastewater treatment plants. The antibiotic norfloxacin was found to be a recalcitrant compound. The studies conducted showed norfloxacin removal rates of 12% and 18% when biomasses from treatments ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Green labels: The walk behind the talk - `Biodegradable`

    The word “biodegradable” is probably one of the easiest green labels to understand, so one may assume it is also the least likely to be subject to false claims. However, the term is still interpreted very loosely and frequently used on products that are toxic, that break down into harmful environmental contaminants, or that can take many decades, even centuries, to decompose. On top ...


    By green24

  • Biological denitrification of drinking water using biodegradable polymer

    The application of Biodegradable Polymer (BDPs), which can serve as biofilm carrier and simultaneously as water insoluble carbon source for heterotrophic denitrification. The external dosing of soluble organic substrate can be therefore avoided and process can be simplified as normal bio-filter. In this paper, the lab-scale experiment was carried out by using the cheap material of PBS, a new kind ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Degradation of biodegradable plastics under controlled composting conditions

    The management of solid waste is a growing concern in many countries. Municipal solid waste is a major component of the total solid waste generated by society, and the fraction of municipal solid waste made up of plastic materials continues to increase. The composting of plastic materials along with organic wastes will help society to usefully recycle more of its solid waste and divert it from ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

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