biodiversity conservation Articles

  • Biodiversity

    Introduction This biodiversity assessment is integrating our knowledge on species, habitats and protected areas into the complex issues of ecosystem management, ecosystem services, human health and wellbeing. Chapter 2 includes an overview of the state of biodiversity in the EU and EEA member countries and an analysis on pressures with a more specific focus on terrestrial ecosystems. Biodiversity ...

  • Impact of globalisation on biodiversity conservation

    Biodiversity is generally described at three levels – diversity of ecosystems, diversity of species, and diversity of genes. Biodiversity is both a scientific and a political concept, embracing a trinity of globally-agreed objectives such as conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of biological resources, and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from this use. This paper describes ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agro-Biodiversity Conservation in Europe: Ethical Issues

    While it is commonly acknowledged that the ecosystemic, and the inter- and intra-specific diversity of natural life is under threat of being irremediably lost, there is much less awareness that the diversity in agro-ecosystems is also under threat. This paper is focused on the biodiverse agro-ecosystems generated by landraces (LRs), i.e., farmer-developed populations of cultivated species that ...


    By Springer

  • Property rights in non-captive wildlife and biodiversity conservation

    To reduce the rate of human-induced biodiversity loss of wild species, it has become increasingly important to stem this loss on private lands. Some writers believe that granting landholders commercial property rights in wildlife will be effective in dealing with this matter and will result in the preservation of biodiversity. This paper explores this view using economic theory. In doing so, it ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biodiversity and its conservation in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil

    Abstract.  The Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil, is famous for its luxurious plant and animal life. We combine a literature review with recent work and show that species diversity is large but that most major plant and animal groups contain a large number of not wetland-specific species that depend on permanently terrestrial habitats within the Pantanal, or are restricted to dry areas during ...


    By Springer

  • Conservation Planning and Biodiversity: Assembling the Best Data for the Job

    Readers of the note by Brooks et al. (2004) will, I hope, be persuaded of the urgent need for more comprehensive data on species. It would be unfortunate, though, if readers formed the impression that biodiversity processes cannot be seriously considered by conservation planners because 'Techniques for mapping and measuring ecological and evolutionary processes are in their infancy.' More ...


  • Mudbank - Responsible business supporting biodiversity and flyway conservation

    Mudbank is an innovative approach for business to support the conservation of wetlands and migratory waterbirds around the globe. To offset the impact of development projects, Mudbank invests on behalf of companies in the permanent protection of important coastal habitat along migratory flyways. It is designed to be an option in the Mitigation Hierarchy—and not just an “in lieu ...


    By Wetlands International

  • The institutionalisation of property rights in Albanian and Romanian biodiversity conservation

    This article examines the institutionalisation of property rights by way of two case studies on biodiversity conservation in Albania and Romania. The analysis pays particular attention to local level negotiations which occur when local actors make use of concrete resources and engage in discussions about their appropriate use. In both Albania and Romania, national parks are the object of intense ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biodiversity and its conservation in the Sundarban Mangrove Ecosystem

    Abstract.  The Sundarban, covering about one million ha in the delta of the rivers Ganga, Brahmaputra and Meghna is shared between Bangladesh (~60%) and India (~40%), and is the world’s largest coastal wetland. The area experiences a subtropical monsoonal climate with an annual rainfall of 1,600–1,800 mm and severe cyclonic storms. Enormous amounts of sediments carried by the rivers ...


    By Springer

  • Governing biodiversity

    The hypothesis of this paper is that the value conferred on nature designates both the "objects of nature" that are the subject of consideration, and the human beings for whom they are intended or who are responsible for them. These designation processes are dynamic and linked, but also interdependent. In order to examine these processes more closely, we make use of the concept of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Local approaches to biodiversity conservation: lessons from Oaxaca, southern Mexico

    Large areas of Oaxaca, southern Mexico, exhibit high biodiversity in the absence of official protected areas. This paper discusses some of the key mechanisms and practices employed by local communities to help conserve their forest resources. The findings suggest that learning from local resource management systems should become an important component of future conservation planning in Mexico. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Partnership for biodiversity and sustainable development

    Partnership with the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF), a global program that since 2000 has provided grants to Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and private sector organizations to help protect the world's biodiversity hotspots, enhanced synergies between the Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development (BCSD) project's aims and CEPF projects in the area through ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Water and Wetlands

    1. Introduction The “nexus” among water, food and energy has been recognised as one of the most fundamental relationships and challenges for society. Biodiversity and particularly wetland ecosystems are increasingly understood to be at the core of this nexus. Indeed water and wetlands are the foundation for the social, economic and environmental wellbeing of humanity across ...


    By Wetlands International

  • The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Water and Wetlands

    The Ramsar Secretariat, in partnership with the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP),  International Union for the Conservation of  Nature (IUCN) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sustainable use of biodiversity by the pharmaceutical industry?

    This paper discusses a key aspect of a sustainable pharmaceutical use of biodiversity: the increased demand of the pharmaceutical industry for biogenetic resources does not result in an increase of the market value of biodiversity. The increasing interest in biogenetic resources by the pharmaceutical industry since the late 1980s has led, among other things, to contracts between large ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An integrated approach to land use management for conserving agroecosystem biodiversity in the context of global change

    Agriculture is a major land use activity in the developing tropics. Though the productivity of the land in many parts of the region has gone up significantly due to "green revolution" agriculture, it has had many negative environmental consequences, and its economic impact is still confined to only a small section of society. These concerns and issues linked to agroecosystem resilience ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Opinion: The Convention on biological diversity: will The decisions made at cop10 in nagoya make it Easier to conserve biodiversity?

    Keywords: Convention on Biological Diversity, COP10, conservation of biodiversity, ecosystem services, Strategic Plan 2011-2020, Nagoya Protocol, access and benefit sharing. Resource Mobilisation Strategy, nature conservation, protected areas, invasive alien species, mountain zones, wetlands, marine and coastal biodiversity, sustainable use of biodiversity, ecosystem approach The ...


  • Crossing borders and linking plural knowledge: biodiversity conservation, ecosystem services and human well–being

    The challenges we face today in terms of local, regional and global environmental changes and pressures on biodiversity can only be addressed with a close coupling of approaches from natural and social sciences together with local knowledge. The authors emphasise that biodiversity research and intervention should integrate this new comprehensive perspective, bringing together biological sciences, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Traditional biodiversity conservation and natural resource management system of some tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, India

    India is one of the 17 mega biodiversity countries in the world having two hotspots- the Western Ghats and the Eastern Himalayas, based on species rarity and endemism. Arunachal Pradesh state of India in the Eastern Himalaya is among 200 globally important eco-regions. The state is home to 26 major tribes and about 110 ethnic groups. The majority of the mountainous population of Arunachal Pradesh ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Women empowerment for biodiversity conservation through self help groups: a case from Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala, India

    Enormous change has been observed since Self-help Groups (SHGs) were initiated and after their members started patrolling the forests to restrict illegal stem cutting, grazing, and other natural resource degradation process. In this paper, we demonstrate how the rural women pool money and run a microfinance system to tide over temporary financial stringencies arising from time to time. They ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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