biodiversity loss Articles

  • Biodiversity

    Introduction This biodiversity assessment is integrating our knowledge on species, habitats and protected areas into the complex issues of ecosystem management, ecosystem services, human health and wellbeing. Chapter 2 includes an overview of the state of biodiversity in the EU and EEA member countries and an analysis on pressures with a more specific focus on terrestrial ecosystems. Biodiversity ...

  • Progress Towards Halting the Loss of Biodiversity by 2010

    The continuing loss of biological diversity and its components, genes, species and ecosystems, is an issue of global concern. Research has shown that both the diversity and the identity of the various species have a fundamental influence on the magnitude and stability of the ecological processes that occur at the ecosystem level. There are significant interrelationships between the degradation of ...

  • Legislation: Aichi Biodiversity targets on Direct and Indirect Drivers of Biodiversity Loss

    INTRODUCTION Most parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) consider the tenth Conference of the Parties (COP 10) held in Nagoya, Japan, from 18 to 29 October 2010 to be a success. COP 10 produced forty-seven decisions, known as the Nagoya Outcomes, includ¬ing a new Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, and a Resource Mobilisation Strategy. ...


  • An empirical investigation of biodiversity loss from threatened species perspective: a comparative study

    Using panel data for 113 countries over a three-year period of time, this research investigates the empirical relationship between the changes of threatened mammal species and economic development by comparing three different measures: An N-shaped non-linear relationship is found when the dependent variable is the percentage changes; the Environment Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis is supported ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ecosystem accounting and the cost of biodiversity losses — the case of coastal Mediterranean wetlands

    Executive summary The way people are thinking about biodiversity is changing. Until recently, arguments in support of the conservation of species and habitats were based primarily on issues such as their evolutionary uniqueness, rarity or threat of extinction. Today, these arguments also include how maintaining biodiversity directly benefits people by contributing to well-being or quality ...

  • Biodiversity monitoring in Europe

    What is citizen science? The European Environment Agency (EEA) uses the following definition of citizen science: 'public involvement in projects or on-going programmes of scientific work by which individual volunteers or networks of volunteers, many of whom may have no specific scientific training, perform or manage research-related tasks such as observation, measurement or computation' ...

  • EU 2010 biodiversity baseline

    In January 2010, the Commission presented a series of options for an EU biodiversity policy vision and target beyond 2010 (EC, 2010). Recognising the urgent need to reverse the trends of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, on 26 March 2010 the European Council endorsed the long-term biodiversity vision and the 2020 headline target adopted by the Environment Council on 15 March 2010 ...

  • Halting the loss of biodiversity by 2010: proposal for a first set of indicators to monitor progress in Europe

    This report documents the achievements of the first phase (2005–2007) of the Streamlining European 2010 Biodiversity Indicators (SEBI 2010) project on the development of indicators to monitor progress towards, and help achieve the European target to halt the loss of biodiversity by 2010. Human actions are fundamentally, and, to a significant extent irreversibly, changing the diversity of life on ...

  • Holistic approach to biodiversity and bioindication in soil

    After the Rio Conference in 1992, Biodiversity became synonymous with protecting the environment.Bioindication has emerged as useful process for environmental evaluation particularly of the soil, whichis a complex entity able to perform a multitude of key functions, vital for life, such as breathing,assimilating nutrients like carbon and nitrogen, transforming and mineralizing organic materials ...


    By European Commission

  • Attitudes of Europeans towards the issue of biodiversity

    The European Union (EU) is committed to the protection of 'biological diversity', i.e. the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems1. The EU has been legislating on biodiversity since the ...

  • Assessing biodiversity in Europe — the 2010 report

    Executive summary This report confirms the finding of the EEA's 2009 report 'Progress towards the European 2010 biodiversity target' (EEA, 2009a) that Europe will not achieve its target of halting biodiversity loss by 2010. The present report considers the status and trends of pan-European biodiversity, and the implications of these trends for biodiversity management policy and ...

  • Biotechnology and biodiversity debates and policies in Africa

    After a decade of global diffusion, and the realisation of some economic benefits, the environmental impact of Genetically Modified (GM) crop technologies remains inconclusive and a source of considerable threat to biodiversity-rich Africa. Drawing on evidence from Ethiopia and South Africa, this paper characterises debates, considers policy and discusses the rationale for proactive GM technology ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biodiversity Information System for Europe (BISE)

    The Biodiversity Information System for Europe (BISE) is a single entry point for data and information on biodiversity in the EU. Bringing together facts and figures on biodiversity and ecosystem services, it links to related policies, environmental data centres, assessments and research findings from various sources. It is being developed to strengthen the knowledge base and support ...

  • The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Water and Wetlands

    The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) is an international initiative to draw attention to the benefits of biodiversity. It focuses on the values of biodiversity and ecosystem services, the growing costs of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, and the benefits of action addressing these pressures. The TEEB initiative has brought together over five hundred authors and ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Property rights in non-captive wildlife and biodiversity conservation

    To reduce the rate of human-induced biodiversity loss of wild species, it has become increasingly important to stem this loss on private lands. Some writers believe that granting landholders commercial property rights in wildlife will be effective in dealing with this matter and will result in the preservation of biodiversity. This paper explores this view using economic theory. In doing so, it ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Progress towards the European 2010 biodiversity target

    The 2010 target and beyond — where does Europe stand? As the first indicator-based assessment of progress towards the European target of halting biodiversity loss by 2010, this report serves two purposes. First, it takes stock of the state of biodiversity and its loss in Europe based on the most recent data available. Second, it functions as a bridge to a comprehensive assessment of the 2010 ...

  • Mudbank - Responsible business supporting biodiversity and flyway conservation

    Mudbank is an innovative approach for business to support the conservation of wetlands and migratory waterbirds around the globe. To offset the impact of development projects, Mudbank invests on behalf of companies in the permanent protection of important coastal habitat along migratory flyways. It is designed to be an option in the Mitigation Hierarchy—and not just an “in lieu ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Agro-Biodiversity Conservation in Europe: Ethical Issues

    While it is commonly acknowledged that the ecosystemic, and the inter- and intra-specific diversity of natural life is under threat of being irremediably lost, there is much less awareness that the diversity in agro-ecosystems is also under threat. This paper is focused on the biodiverse agro-ecosystems generated by landraces (LRs), i.e., farmer-developed populations of cultivated species that ...


    By Springer

  • Biodiversity in industrial research and development: implications for developing countries

    It is ironic that at a time when biodiversity is seriously threatened by habitat destruction and other human activities, biochemical and genetic ("biogenetic") resources discovered in nature make a huge contribution to the global economy. Yet only a minimal share of the benefits accrue to the countries providing these resources. Why is this? This paper seeks reasons in the ways that ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Urban habitats as a refuge for biodiversity: A case study in Greece

    Cities located in biodiversity hotspots can provide valuable refuges for a wide range of plants, a recent study suggests. Of the 379 plant species and sub-species recorded in the city of Ioannina, Greece, 27 were of conservation interest. Town planners can ensure that cities play an important role in supporting regional biodiversity when designing future urban developments, the researchers say. ...

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