biodiversity loss Articles

  • Attitudes of Europeans towards the issue of biodiversity

    The European Union (EU) is committed to the protection of 'biological diversity', i.e. the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems1. The EU has been legislating on biodiversity since the ...

  • An empirical investigation of biodiversity loss from threatened species perspective: a comparative study

    Using panel data for 113 countries over a three-year period of time, this research investigates the empirical relationship between the changes of threatened mammal species and economic development by comparing three different measures: An N-shaped non-linear relationship is found when the dependent variable is the percentage changes; the Environment Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis is supported ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Crossing borders and linking plural knowledge: biodiversity conservation, ecosystem services and human well–being

    The challenges we face today in terms of local, regional and global environmental changes and pressures on biodiversity can only be addressed with a close coupling of approaches from natural and social sciences together with local knowledge. The authors emphasise that biodiversity research and intervention should integrate this new comprehensive perspective, bringing together biological sciences, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Streamlining European biodiversity indicators 2020: Building a future on lessons learnt from the SEBI 2010 process

    Measuring biodiversity in Europe Loss of biodiversity in Europe is a fact. Yet measuring the extent of the loss and the threat it poses is a challenge. Many European countries have been developing their own indicators to measure changes in biodiversity in their territory. At the same time, progress had also been measured at the global level. Ensuring consistency between indicators at ...

  • Post–normal science and ecological economics: strategies for precautionary approaches and sustainable development

    Ecological economics provides a research field for critical reflection on relationships between the economy and the life–sustaining ecosystems. With focus on strong uncertainty, irreversibility, strong sustainability, precautionary approaches and ethical complexity, ecological economics differs from the approach of environmental economics and shares several of the characteristics of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Property rights in non-captive wildlife and biodiversity conservation

    To reduce the rate of human-induced biodiversity loss of wild species, it has become increasingly important to stem this loss on private lands. Some writers believe that granting landholders commercial property rights in wildlife will be effective in dealing with this matter and will result in the preservation of biodiversity. This paper explores this view using economic theory. In doing so, it ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biodiversity in industrial research and development: implications for developing countries

    It is ironic that at a time when biodiversity is seriously threatened by habitat destruction and other human activities, biochemical and genetic ("biogenetic") resources discovered in nature make a huge contribution to the global economy. Yet only a minimal share of the benefits accrue to the countries providing these resources. Why is this? This paper seeks reasons in the ways that ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • 10 messages for 2010 - Urban ecosystems

    Key messages In Europe, where the overwhelming majority of people live in urban areas, tackling the interlinked challenges between biodiversity and its network of towns and cities is crucial to help halting biodiversity loss. Urbanisation can be an opportunity or a threat for biodiversity. Seizing the opportunity demands that we mix high quality urban green areas with ...

  • EU 2010 biodiversity baseline

    In January 2010, the Commission presented a series of options for an EU biodiversity policy vision and target beyond 2010 (EC, 2010). Recognising the urgent need to reverse the trends of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, on 26 March 2010 the European Council endorsed the long-term biodiversity vision and the 2020 headline target adopted by the Environment Council on 15 March 2010 ...

  • Progress towards the European 2010 biodiversity target

    The 2010 target and beyond — where does Europe stand? As the first indicator-based assessment of progress towards the European target of halting biodiversity loss by 2010, this report serves two purposes. First, it takes stock of the state of biodiversity and its loss in Europe based on the most recent data available. Second, it functions as a bridge to a comprehensive assessment of the 2010 ...

  • Effects of temperature and copper pollution on soil community – extreme temperature events can lead to community extinction

    Global warming affects ecosystems and species' diversity. The physiology of individual species is highly influenced by changes in temperature. Effects on species communities are less studied, and virtually unknown when combining effects of pollution and temperature. To assess the effects of temperature and pollution in the soil community, a 2‐factorial soil mesocosms multispecies experiment ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • European forests - ecosystem conditions and sustainable use

    Despite political commitment, Europe is struggling to halt the loss of biodiversity by 2010. Forests, as the hosts of much of the biological diversity in Europe, are vital to this debate. Any initiative designed to halt the biodiversity loss in Europe must take forests into account. Forests and biodiversity: are we doing better? Forests today cover 33 % of the land area of the countries of the ...

  • Biodiversity

    Introduction This biodiversity assessment is integrating our knowledge on species, habitats and protected areas into the complex issues of ecosystem management, ecosystem services, human health and wellbeing. Chapter 2 includes an overview of the state of biodiversity in the EU and EEA member countries and an analysis on pressures with a more specific focus on terrestrial ecosystems. Biodiversity ...

  • iNatural Capital

    Anyone who stumbled into the packed room could be forgiven for thinking that a new iGismo was about to be launched. There was a palpable buzz at this week's Policy Exchange event on securing the value of nature. Professor Dieter Helm, Chair of the UK Government's Natural Capital Committee, said that biodiversity is ...


    By Trucost Plc

  • Marine protected areas in Europe`s seas - An overview and perspectives for the future

    1. The EU and marine protected areas Europe's seas are under pressure. Marine protected areas (MPAs) can act as a key conservation measure to safeguard marine ecosystems and biodiversity as well as the services these ecosystems provide. Aim, structure and supporting data of this report This document reports on progress made to date in establishing MPAs and ...

  • Assessing biodiversity in Europe — the 2010 report

    Executive summary This report confirms the finding of the EEA's 2009 report 'Progress towards the European 2010 biodiversity target' (EEA, 2009a) that Europe will not achieve its target of halting biodiversity loss by 2010. The present report considers the status and trends of pan-European biodiversity, and the implications of these trends for biodiversity management policy and ...

  • 2006 environment policy review

    In 2006, the EU’s long term environment policy  framework was consolidated with adoption of its revised Sustainable Development Strategy and the REACH regulation.  It has solid popular support with 72 %1 of citizens in favour of more decision-making at EU level on environmental protection. Four main sets of issues broadly defined the year. The volatile oil and gas prices, fear of ...

  • The pan-European environment: glimpses into an uncertain future

    The main challenge that those responsible for designing environmental policies face today is ensuring that they uphold longer-term sustainability goals. The aims of sustainable development require us to take decisions today that allow us to ‘meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’ (WCED, 1987). However, such decisions will ...

  • Achieved SDGs progress can be reversed if there is no change in direction, new UN report reveals

    The latest UN report “The Future is Now: Science for Achieving Sustainable Development” was published in September 2019, is the first Global Sustainable Development Report prepared by the Independent Group of Scientists appointed by the United Nations Secretary-General. It has been prepared by a team of 15 UN-appointed ...

  • Overcoming water challenges through nature-based solutions

    Freshwater is a key resource and medium for various economic sectors and domestic purposes but its use is often at the expense of natural ecosystems. Water management must change to deal with urgent issues and protect aquatic ecosystems and their services, while addressing the demand for water from the competing claims for cities, agriculture, industry, energy and transport. In this paper key ...


    By IWA Publishing

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