biodiversity program Articles

  • Partnership for biodiversity and sustainable development

    Partnership with the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF), a global program that since 2000 has provided grants to Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and private sector organizations to help protect the world's biodiversity hotspots, enhanced synergies between the Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development (BCSD) project's aims and CEPF projects in the area through ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Keep it Fresh or Salty - An introductory guide to financing wetland carbon programs and projects

    Wetlands have been the focus of conservation and restoration efforts for over a century. A diverse portfolio of financing sources has been used for supporting such activities including philanthropy, multi- and bilateral aid, in-country governmental funding, tourismrelated and other usage fees, as well as fees and levies associated with wetlands-centric extractive industries (e.g. peat ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Incentive-Based Conservation Programs in Developing Countries: A Review of Some Key Issues and Suggestions for Improvements

    Abstract  Biodiversity conservation in developing countries has been a challenge because of the combination of rising human populations, rapid technological advances, severe social hardships, and extreme poverty. To address the social, economic, and ecological limitations of people-free parks and reserves, incentives have been incorporated into conservation programs in the hopes of making ...


  • An Overview of Terrestrial Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide: The United States Department of Energy`s Fossil Energy R&D Program

    Abstract Increasing concentrations of CO2 and other greenhouse gases (GHG) in the Earth's atmosphere have the potential to enhance the natural greenhouse effect, which may result in climatic changes. The main anthropogenic contributors to this increase are fossil fuel combustion, land use conversion, and soil cultivation. It is clear that overcoming the challenge of global climate change ...


    By Springer

  • Toward Africa`s green future

    From the world's highest mountain ranges to the lowland plains, and from the great oceans and coastal wetlands to agricultural landscapes, nations and communities rely on the bounty and services of natural ecosystems. Biological resources and the goods and ecosystem services they provide underpin every aspect of human life and livelihoods, from food and water security to general well-being and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The economics of pollution trading and pricing under regulatory uncertainty

    From the world's highest mountain ranges to the lowland plains, and from the great oceans and coastal wetlands to agricultural landscapes, nations and communities rely on the bounty and services of natural ecosystems. Biological resources and the goods and ecosystem services they provide underpin every aspect of human life and livelihoods, from food and water security to general well-being and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The practicalities and pitfalls of establishing a policy‐relevant and cost‐effective soil biological monitoring scheme

    A large number of biological indicators have been proposed over the years for assessing soil quality. While many of those have been applied in monitoring schemes across Europe, no consensus exists on the extent to which these indicators might perform best and how monitoring schemes can be further optimised in terms of scientific and political relevance. Over the past decade developments in ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Valuing nature’s services today is an investment in the future

    Countries around the world are embracing “payments for ecosystem services” (PES) as a verifiable approach to protecting biological diversity and mitigating climate change, according to research conducted by the Worldwatch Institute for the publication Vital Signs Online. PES are financial arrangements designed to protect the many benefits that are provided by the natural environment. ...


    By Worldwatch Institute

  • Linkage of Conservation Activity to Trends in the U.S. Economy

    Abstract: As an economy grows, natural capital such as timber, soil, and water is reallocated to the human economy. This conflict between economic growth and biodiversity conservation creates a conundrum for conservation biologists because traditional forms of conservation action require money. We hypothesize that conservation spending in the United States is highly ...


  • Copernicus: new horizons for European and global land monitoring

    How can we monitor Europe-wide farmland biodiversity so that it makes sense to farmers, is ecologically credible and still is affordable? Two new studies published in the Journal of Applied Ecology and the Journal of Environmental Management think it is possible. These studies were conducted by international groups of scientists including Alterra. Combining stakeholder priorities for biodiversity ...

  • Potential Ecological Distribution of Alien Invasive Species and Risk Assessment: a Case Study of Buffel Grass in Arid Regions of Mexico

    Abstract: Alien invasive species represent a severe risk to biodiversity. Such is the case of buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris L.), a native species of Southern Asia and East Africa, which was introduced to the United States and Mexico for use in improved pasture. Here we present a coarse-grain approach to determine areas where buffel grass can potentially invade in Mexico. ...


  • `Climate Change and Visibility-Related Issues for 2002,` published in Environmental Protection, February 2002

    Global Climate Change In March 2001, the Bush administration announced that it found the Kyoto Protocol fatally flawed with respect to American interests and, consequently, the U.S. would no longer participate in the implementation negotiations. Reaction both domestically and internationally was swift and forceful. Even members of the President's political party expressed opposition to ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • “Novel ecosystems” are a Trojan horse for conservation

    They provide a license to trash nature if they provide ecosystem services Conservation biology and restoration ecology have been roiled by a bandwagon termed “novel ecosystems,” heralded as the “new ecological world order” in a manifesto published in 2006 by several ecologists headed by Richard Hobbs, then editor in chief of the journal ...


    By Ensia

  • How Carbon Trading Can Help Preserve Coastal Ecosystems

    Introduction The ocean is the largest long-term carbon sink on the planet, storing and cycling 93% of the earth’s CO2 . The ocean’s vegetated habitats, in particular mangroves, salt marshes, and seagrasses, comprise only 0.05% of the plant biomass, but store equal amount of carbon as terrestrial biomass per year, and thus stand among the most ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Will Rio+20 commit to protecting the oceans?

    Promises made at previous summits have not delivered enough protection for the oceans — campaigners are pushing for better results from Rio+20, writes Prime Sarmiento. This month, scientists, campaigners and many developing nations are optimistic they will set in motion a deal on the conservation of the high seas at ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Annual report 2005

    1 IntroductionThe EEA continued to deliver a major contribution to the European Community's 6th environment action programme in 2005, at the same time as developing further its information systems and networks, providing support to the European Parliament and meetings of the Council of Ministers, and underpinning initiatives in the wider world. The role of the Agency in performing policy ...

  • Making the most of a second chance: What next for REDD+ safeguards?

    This spring, Parties to the UNFCCC must decide whether or not to continue discussions on the REDD+ safeguard information system (SIS) guidance that started in Durban. In particular, Parties have the option of developing further guidance related to the “transparency, consistency, comprehensiveness and effectiveness of the information” in the SIS. Parties may not wish to reopen this ...

  • Top ten highlights of Cleantech in Malaysia

    Malaysia is a country located in Southeast Asia and shares land borders with Brunei, Thailand, and Indonesia, as well as maritime borders with the Philippines, Vietnam, and Singapore. It is located in the tropics region and is considered a "megadiverse country" because of the large number of endemic fauna and flora. Because of its heavy biodiversity along with a variety of other environmental and ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • It’s time for a new story of humanity’s place in the world

    The prevailing perception of humans as inherently at odds with nature is not only false, it's counterproductive. It goes without saying that humans are good at causing problems. Climate change, ...


    By Ensia

  • The German fast-start finance contribution

    Industrialized countries have repeatedly committed to provide new and additional finance to help developing countries transition to low-carbon and climate-resilient growth. This assessment addresses German efforts to provide “fast start finance” (FSF) as a contribution to the pledge by developed countries to provide USD 30 billion from 2010 to 2012 under the United Nations Framework ...

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